4/3/2015 10:16:21 PM
Biblioclasm*: ISIS Attacks Libraries
* Biblioclasm: "the destruction of books, especially the Bible. — biblioclast, n."
“During the first hours of any war the information that profoundly shocks the planet can be summed up in four words: The library is burning.”
Lucien X. Polastron, Books on Fire
, 235 (2007).
We have all heard and seen the horrors of the recent conflict in Iraq and Syria. In addition to the abhorrent human suffering, it is estimated that more than 100,000
books and manuscripts have been burned by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) since last December. Given the scale of the human tragedy, the destruction of books is not likely to be what most “profoundly shocks the planet.” Yet, this heinous destruction should not go unnoticed. As described by the UNESCO Director-General
: “[this] cultural cleansing . . .adds to the systematic destruction of heritage and the persecution of minorities, [and] seeks to wipe out the cultural diversity that is the soul of the Iraqi people.”
At about the same time as we watched video of the destruction of Mosul Museum
in Iraq, the Mosul Library was also destroyed. Some have called this “one of the most devastating acts of destruction of library collections in human history
.” On February 22nd, 2015, improvised incendiary devices were detonated in the Library causing fires that consumed over 8,000 rare books and manuscripts. Many of these works appeared on the UNESCO “rarities” list. Well-respected members of the Mosul community pleaded with ISIS militants
not to destroy the library, but in the end were unable to prevent it.
This is not the first time that the Mosul Library has been destroyed. During the U.S. Invasion in 2003, mobs ransacked the library, but nearby residents protected much of the collection, hiding books in their homes. This time, however, ISIS has declared that any person attempting similar preservation efforts will face execution
. Many Iraqis have evoked the adage “may the books be a sacrifice for the people
” in the face of this adversity.
Among the materials lost
were “manuscripts from the 18th century, Syriac books printed in Iraq’s first printing house in the 19th century, books from the Ottoman era, Iraqi newspapers from the early 20th century, and treasured antiques like an astrolabe and sand glass used by the ancient Arabs.” UNESCO reported the loss of law and philosophy
texts. The library also contained materials on subjects traditionally censored
in Iraq, such as Communism, socialism, and sex – housed in special rooms devoted to the private collections of as many as one hundred Iraqi founding families. Even the Library’s website has been suspended
The destruction of the Mosul Library represents one of a series of attacks
on libraries, bookstores, and university collections in Iraq and Syria. Some institutions having sustained particularly heavy damage
include “the archives of a Sunni Muslim Library, the library of the 265-year-old Latin Church and Monastery of the Dominican Fathers, and the Mosul Museum Library with works dating back to 5000 BC.” Only months before the Mosul Library destruction, ISIS denounced Mosul University, which was closed and converted to barracks
, “along with the colleges of law, fine arts, physical education, languages, social sciences and archaeology.” Each school, including the school of law, had its own library, which was looted. In the Mosul University Central Library
, ISIS militants “constructed a huge pyre of scientific and cultural texts as university students watched in horror.”
While UNESCO specifically mentioned the loss of legal texts in Mosul, many relevant legal documents are preserved online through the Iraqi Local Governance Law Library
, “including local laws, orders, decisions, and regulations now being published by provinces in monthly legal gazettes”. However, legal documents published before 2010 are not available there. The Iraq Legal Database, created in 2008, contains a wealth of additional information
, including “approximately 30,000 legal texts and more than 7,000 laws, 4,000 ministerial decrees, 3,000 regulations, and 5,000 declarations passed since 1917.” However, the website does not appear to be accessible
at this time.
Rebuilding or replacing a physical collection in a region currently a “self-declared ISIS caliphate
” may well be impossible or simply result in more destruction. Organizations and foreign governments, are seeking to prevent further loss. Partially in response to the destruction caused by ISIS, the U.S. House of Representatives recently introduced H. R. 1493
, “a bill to protect and preserve international cultural property at risk due to political instability, armed conflict, or natural or other disasters. . .” This bill aims to “coordinate and promote efforts to protect international cultural property” by increasing communication between relevant stakeholders and reducing the incentive to steal cultural property by reducing consumer demand for trafficked and illegally-traded artifacts.
Some international organizations are looking for ways to help mitigate the harm already done. The Community Research and Development Information Service
(CORDIS) has embarked on an ambitious task called Project Mosul, reconstructing Mosul’s Cultural Artifacts in a four-dimensional virtual museum. Only two weeks after the destruction of the Mosul Library, “researchers from ITN-DCH, IAPP, and 4D-CH-WORLD” began the project, crowd-sourcing photographs of the artifacts and creating digital exhibits
. “The team is  calling on volunteers to help them to sort and tag pictures, process them, [and] take care of coding.” While a digital rendering cannot completely replace an original, at least items of cultural significance will be available in some form to future generations.
Similar digital reconstruction projects might provide hope for recreating some of the rare print volumes lost in Mosul and the surrounding areas. One Dominican Monk, Father Najeeb Micheel, has been photographing and digitizing early Christian texts
in Iraq “with help from Father Stewart’s Hill Museum and Manuscript Library in Minnesota.” Unfortunately, he was forced to stop his work and flee ISIS with only one truck of books and artifacts from the 50,000-volume collection. Perhaps through a crowd-sourcing effort, more photographs and scanned images can be used to revive bits of the print materials that were lost.
© AJ Blechner, 2015. Reference/Outreach Librarian, University of Miami Law Library, Coral Gables, Florida. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Posted By 4/3/2015 10:16:21 PM
2/12/2015 6:00:00 PM
Members Making a Difference
As someone relatively new to the profession, I am often amazed by the charitable work done by librarians and our professional organizations. Last year the Social Responsibility Special Interest Section raised $480 at the AALL Annual Meeting to support the Solar Heating Project. This initiative was created to help “Native American families who are struggling to pay their heating bills and replace ‘dirty’ electricity created from coal-fired power plants with clean solar energy.” In addition, the SR-SIS collected 378 books and $595 for the “Transitions Program of San Antonio Independent School District, which serves homeless students, students in foster care, and at-risk youth.” Finally, the SR-SIS donated toiletries collected from members staying in hotels at the Annual Meeting for the San Antonio’s Family Violence Prevention Services.
I began to wonder what other projects were out there going unnoticed. Were AALL chapters, caucuses, and special interest sections engaging in charitable activities that we all should be aware of? After some inquiry, I found a tradition of service that does the AALL membership proud. Several regional sections including the Chicago Association of Law Libraries, Law Librarians of New England, and New Jersey Law Librarians Association even have committees devoted specifically to community service work. I’d like to thank everyone who provided details about their efforts, and share some of the work these organizations are doing. Here are some of the charitable activities I discovered:
- At the joint holiday party for the Atlanta Law Libraries Association and Special Libraries Association of Georgia, members, affiliates, and friends purchased gifts from a wish list for eighteen children and parents involved in the Truancy Intervention Project. Each child received three holiday gifts and each parent a gift card. Members also pledged monetary donations through the organization’s website.
- At its four annual business meetings, the Chicago Association of Law Libraries collected funds and in-kind donations for one or more charities including Honor Flight and the Chicago Food Depository. This year they’ve already collected for Chicago Public School students living in temporary housing and shelters and Open Books, an organization promoting youth literacy.
- Each year at the Law Librarians of Puget Sound annual holiday party, members donate gift cards to residents of Fisher House, a home for military families whose loved ones are hospitalized for illness, disease or injury.
- At many of the New Jersey Law Librarians Association’s events, supplies are collected for different charities. Recipients include 911 Dog and Cat Rescue, Ronald McDonald House, and Morristown Medical Center’s Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. At the NJLLA annual holiday party, books and pajamas are collected to benefit the Pajama Program.
- The Southeastern Chapter of the American Association of Law Libraries supported the Dolly Parton Imagination Library of Knox County in 2014. One committee member even designed a quilt made of law school t-shirts to be auctioned off for funds. In 2015 their recipient will be the Carnegie Center.
- As part of a multi-tiered project to improve access to legal research materials in public libraries Law Librarians of New England and Southern New England Law Librarians Association just wrapped up a year-long book drive.
The Black Caucus also has a very active community service subcommittee. This past year they organized a fundraiser for San Antonio Youth during the AALL annual conference. BCAALL invited an SA Youth representative to attend the annual banquet, where donations were formally presented to the organization. Members donated hundreds of dollars both on the night of the event and online. They also collected in kind donations of school supplies, backpacks, markers, pencils, pencil sharpeners, crayons, pens, highlighters, notebooks, folders, tablets, glue, and a host of other items.
Several chapters are finding opportunities to combine charity with member engagement, generating creative ways to give back to their communities. The Chicago Association of Law Libraries organized a team to participate in "Run for Their Lives," a 5K race to benefit PAWS. They hope to organize another team to participate in a similar event this summer. In the Mid-America Association of Law Libraries 1Ls do a service project each year during Orientation as a way to get to know each other and do something positive in their community. This year, MAALL is also launching a new Books to Action Program, where members read the same book on a social issue, and then perform a service project related to the book’s theme. The WestPac Local Arrangements Committee focused on environmental issues deciding to go “green” at their 2014 conference by making environmentally-friendly purchasing decisions and mobilizing their membership to recycle.
Several projects will offer resources and training to public librarians on legal research subjects. The Southern California Association of Law Libraries Public Access to Legal Information Committee will provide sessions on legal research for non-law librarians in 2015, partnering with the City of Temecula Public Library. The Law Librarians of New England plan to launch a web portal in 201 5 to help connect public librarians with support by providing research tutorials, best practices and resources. The LLNE service committee will create new content to be featured on this new digital platform.
There are also a few organizations that work with youth to encourage an interest in the legal profession. The Southern California Association of Law Libraries created an Inner City Youth Internship Program, providing “employment opportunities to qualified inner city high school students in private, public and academic libraries as well as other related institutions.” In March the Dallas Association of Law Librarians will volunteer at the Texas High School Mock Trial Competition to support local high school students with an interest in law. Additionally, the Colorado Association of Law Libraries raises funds each year for a scholarship offered to help a library student pursuing their degree.
We should be proud of the work librarians and our professional groups are doing to give back to the community. Why not try a new project this year? Have a project completed in 2014 or coming up in 2015 that deserves a mention? Share it in the comments section!
© AJ Blechner, 2015. Reference/Outreach Librarian, University of Miami Law Library, Coral Gables, Florida. email@example.com.
Posted By 2/12/2015 6:00:00 PM
, services to the public
, Black Caucus
, Mid-America Association of Law Libraries
9/19/2014 5:51:28 PM
Dreaming of a Green Conference…
As an environmentalist and a law librarian it can be a real challenge marrying two somewhat disparate identities. This marriage seems to be the most difficult at AALL’s Annual Conference and Chapter meetings because sustainability issues often fall by the wayside to our fabulous programming, receptions, and parties. That being said, the new Social Responsibilities SIS Environmental Taskforce and the Environmental Libraries Caucus have teamed up to raise awareness, promote sustainable solutions, and to hopefully work towards a greener and more sustainable conference in Philadelphia in 2015.
The Taskforce is currently focused on the following issues:
- Developing a survey to sample AALL member interest in sustainability.
- Drafting an AALL Sustainability Resolution.
- Proposing sustainability related programming for the 2015 Annual Conference.
- Developing best practices standards for implementing sustainable practices in the law library setting.
The Taskforce is still looking for members so if you are interested in contributing please contact David Selden, National Indian Law Library/NARF at firstname.lastname@example.org.
For those AALL members interested in learning more about sustainability (especially in the library context) below please find a list of resources:
- David Selden’s Sustainable Law Librarian AALL Spectrum Article Series (available on HeinOnline)
- Richard Zorza, Chicago Bar Foundation, The Sustainable 21st Century Law Library: Vision, Deployment and Assessment for Access to Justice (2012).
- Laura L. Barnes, Green Libraries LibGuide, U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (last updated Sept. 18, 2014).
- Shawna McKinley, Meeting Mythbusters: The Cost of #Carbon Accountability, Eventcellany (June 9, 2013).
- Rebekkah Smith Aldrich, Sustainable Libraries Blog.
Taryn L. Rucinski
Environmental Law Librarian
& Adjunct Professor of Law
Pace University School of Law
White Plains, NY
Posted By 9/19/2014 5:51:28 PM