The Judicial Branch of the State of Georgia consists of courts of limited, general and appellate jurisdiction. Typically most cases can be heard in courts of general jurisdiction, whereas only certain types of cases can be presented to courtsof limited jurisdiction.
Georgia also has two Appellate Courts, the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court. These courts do not try cases but only hear appeals from the lower courts.
COURTS OF GENERAL JURISDICTION
Superior Courts have jurisdictions over hearings trial cases involving state law, any civil or criminal case, and all felonies.
COURTS OF LIMITED JURISDICTION
The State Courts of each county has jurisdiction to hear civil cases and misdemeanor criminal cases
Magistrate Courts have jurisdiction over issues such as search warrants, violations of county ordinances and civil suits under $15,000;
Juvenile Courts have jurisdiction of cases involving individuals under the age of seventeen.
Probate Courts have jurisdiction to probate wills, administer estates and in some counties handle traffic cases
Supreme Court of Georgia
The Supreme Court of Georgia has exclusive appellat jurisdiction over all cases involving the construction of a treaty or of the Constitution of the State of Georgia or of the United States and all cases in which the constitutionality of a law, ordinance or constitutional provision has been drawn in question; and all cases of election contest.
It has general appellate jurisdiction of cases: involving title to land, all equity cases, all cases involving wills, all habeas corpus cases, all cases involving extraordinary remedies, all divorce and alimony cases,
all cases certified to it by the Court of Appeals, and all cases in which a sentence of death was imposed or could be imposed.
Additionally, the Supreme Court may answer any question of law from any state or federal appellate court and may review by certiorari cases in the Court of Appeals which are of gravity or great public importance.
Court of Appeals of the State of Georgia
The Court of Appeals has statewide appellate jurisdiction of all cases except those involving constitutional questions, land title disputes, the construction of wills, murder, election contests, habeas corpus, extraordinary remedies, divorce and alimony and cases where original appellate jurisdiction lies with the superior courts. The Court of Appeals may certify legal questions to the Supreme Court.
United States Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit
The United States Court of Appeals are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system. A court of appeals decides appeals from the district courts within its federal judicial circuit, and in some instances from other designated federal courts and administrative agencies.
United State District Courts
The United States District Courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. Both civil and criminal cases are filed in the district court, which is a court of law, equity, and admiralty. There is a United States bankruptcy court associated with each United States district court.