Customary international humanitarian law (IHL) is important in today's armed conflicts because it fills gaps left by treaty law in both international and non-international conflicts and so strengthens the protection offered to victims. Mandated by the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in 1995. This study identified 161 rules of customary IHL and compiled relevant national and international practice. In 2007, the ICRC teamed up with the British Red Cross to update the practice section of the customary IHL study. Since its inception in 2010, the number of users of the customary IHL database has grown markedly. The collection of practice on the database is an invaluable resource to academics, military advisors and other specialists involved in the practical application of IHL and for any further review of state practice to assess developments in customary IHL.
The military justice system is similar to but distinctly different from its civilian cousin, and it revolves around the concept of enforcing good order and discipline in the armed forces. Arbitrarily taking commanders out of the business of enforcing good order and discipline within their ranks is not the solution to bettering the military's criminal justice system. Rather, the prudent way to improve the military justice system is to build upon the current system, adopt those policies that enhance the delivery of services to victims and defendants alike, and develop career litigation tracks for military prosecutors and defense counsel.
This database includes all updated South African acts with their rules and regulations (1970- ) as well as all the significant principal acts, rules and regulations from 1910 to the present. The Oliver R Tambo Law Library, University of Pretoria, South Africa, in partnership with SAFLII (South African Legal Information Institute) and the South African Constitutional Court Trust, have undertaken a project to consolidate the South African legislation (the Acts from Parliament) and to supply this information free to the public. At this stage the website is a work in progress and does not yet contain all the Acts.
Constitute offers access to the world's constitutions that users can systematically compare them across a broad set of topics - using a modern, clean interface. New constitutions are written every year. The people who write these important documents need to read and analyze texts from other places. Constitute includes the constitution that was in force for nearly every independent state in the world.
ICC Legal Tools Database serves as an electronic library on international criminal law and justice. It is a work in progress database, and new documents have been publicly available through this web site. They are ICC Documents, ICC 'Preparatory Works' and Rome Statute Amendments, International Legal Instruments, International(ised) Criminal Jurisdictions, National Jurisdictions, National Cases Involving Core International Crimes, Internet Legal Resources, Human Rights Decisions, United Nations War Crimes Commission and more. You will find more detailed information on the database at http://www.legal-tools.org/en/overview-of-the-tools/. The search engine on this website is being continuously developed. Feedback on how it can be improved is welcome and should be directed to email@example.com.
FOIAonline is a FOIA tracking and processing tool for the following Agencies and Offices: Department of Commerce (except the US Patent and Trademark Office), Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Labor Relations Authority, Merit Systems Protection Board, National Archives and Records Administration Office of General Counsel. As of December 10, 2012, the Department of the Treasury implemented FOIAonline in a limited capacity. FOIAonline allows users to: request information under FOIA from participating agencies, track the status of your requests, file appeals (registered users only), and search for other people's requests, appeals and responsive records.
The Gender Jurisprudence and International Criminal Law Project is a collaborative project between the War Crimes Research Office (WCRO) and the Women and International Law Program (WILP) at the American University Washington College of Law. The goal of the project is to raise awareness of and facilitate discourse about gender-based crimes committed during times of conflict, mass violence, or repression, and the prosecution of these crimes under international law.
The Women's Legal History website is the home of a searchable database of articles and papers on pioneering women lawyers in the United States. In collaboration with Professor Babcock and her students, the Robert Crown Library Staff have created this website as a resource for all who are interested in the subject of women lawyers in the United States. The main tool is the study of individual lives and of the movements and philosophies that inspired and sustained them. Thanks to Ismael Gullon who suggested this site!
ECOLEX is an information service on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP. Its purpose is to build capacity worldwide by providing the most comprehensive possible global source of information on environmental law. This resource, which combines the environmental law information holdings of FAO, IUCN and UNEP, seeks to put this information at the disposal of users world-wide, in an easily accessible service, employing modern technology. The ECOLEX database includes information on treaties, international soft-law and other non-binding policy and technical guidance documents, national legislation, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature. Users have direct access to the abstracts and indexing information about each document, as well as to the full text of most of the information provided.
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is a nonpartisan research organization and policy institute that conducts research and analysis on a range of government policies and programs, with an emphasis on those affecting low and moderate income people. The Center conducts research to help shape public debates over proposed budget and tax policies and to help ensure that policymakers consider the needs of low-income families and individuals in these debates. In addition, the Center examines the short- and long-term impacts of proposed policies on the health of the economy and the soundness of federal and state budgets.
Local government ethics programs: a resource for ethics commission members, ethics reformers, local officials, attorneys, journalists, and students
As stated on its website, this book is intended as an introduction to local government ethics for those who want to have a grasp on the various issues involved in government ethics; as a resource for those faced with a specific situation, who want to understand the legal and ethical issues involved, as well as the alternative ways of dealing with the situation; as a guidebook for those involved in government ethics reform; and as a text for students of public administration as well as supplementary reading for local public administrators.
The Afghanistan Documentation Project is the product of a partnership between the War Crimes Research Office and the Pence Law Library of the American University Washington College of Law and the U.S. Institute of Peace. It was established to collect and create a fully searchable and publicly accessible database of documents regarding human rights and humanitarian law violations committed in Afghanistan since 1978.
The Library of Congress Copyright Office published a preliminary analysis and discussion document that addresses the issues raised by the intersection between copyright law and the mass digitization of books. The purpose of the analysis is to facilitate further discussions among the affected parties and the public discussions that may encompass a number of possible approaches, including voluntary initiatives, legislative options, or both. The document also identifies questions to consider in determining an appropriate policy for the mass digitization of books.
The Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL) is a collection of documents related to homeland security policy, strategy, and organizational management. It is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's National Preparedness Directorate, FEMA and the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security. The documents are collected from a wide variety of sources, including federal, state, tribal, and local government agencies, professional organizations, think tanks, academic institutions, and international governing bodies. Please note that access to some content is restricted to Federal depository libraries and other users with valid user accounts.
Civil War Washington examines the U.S. national capital from multiple perspectives as a case study of social, political, cultural, and medical/scientific transitions provoked or accelerated by the Civil War. The project draws on the methods of many fields--literary studies, history, geography, computer-aided mapping--to create a digital resource that chronicles the war's impact on the city.
The first report is published by the Congressional Research Service. It provides an overview of federal legislative history research, the legislative process, and where to find congressional documents. The report also summarizes some of the reasons researchers are interested in legislative histories, briefly describes the actions a piece of legislation might undergo during the legislative process, and provides a list of easily accessible print and electronic resources.
Print Management at "Mega-scale": A Regional Perspective on Print Book Collections in North America
The second report is published by OCLC Research. Using a mega-regions ("geographical regions defined on the basis of economic integration and other forms of interdependence") framework to model regional consolidation of shared print book library collections, this report explores a counterfactual scenario where local US and Canadian print book library collections are consolidated into regional shared collections. The analysis in this paper builds upon findings from the OCLC Research report, Cloud-sourcing Research Collections: Managing Print in the Mass-digitized Library Environment (2011), and draws upon bibliographic and library holdings data from the WorldCat database.
The sustainable 21st century law library: vision, deployment and assessment for access to justice
This report is prepared by Richard Zorza, and co-sponsored by the University of Hawaii School of Law and the Access to Justice Commissions from several states. The author points out that law libraries can transform themselves as leaders in providing access to justice to all, and discusses the range of changes that are needed to empower law libraries and their staff to make this transformation.
This project is a collaboration between the Universities of Hertfordshire and Sheffield and the Open University. The site contains fully searchable texts detailing accounts of over 197,000 criminal trials held at London's Central Criminal Court. The crimes tried were mostly felonies (predominantly theft), but also include some of the most serious misdemeanours, providing historical insight into the daily lives of those who participated in the proceedings.
The University of Colorado Law Library created this digital collection in memory of the late Colorado Law School Dean David Getches. A renowned scholar in the fields of natural resources, water, and American Indian law, Getches served as Dean and Raphael J. Moses Professor of Natural Resources Law from July, 2003-June, 2011. The David H. Getches Collection at the William A. Wise Law Library is dedicated to preserving and sharing Dean Getches' tremendous legal and educational legacy, as reflected in his scholarship, academic speeches, congressional testimony, and litigation.
This is the 2010 update of the two previous editions of Genre Terms for Law Materials. Thanks to Karen Selden at the University of Colorado Law Library who suggested this resource!
Published by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), this website is the online companion to the IMLS "Connecting to Collections Bookshelf", a core set of books, DVDs, online resources, and an annotated bibliography that is being distributed free to nearly 3,000 collecting institutions. According to the site, "The Guide contains links to the most trusted collections care resources on the Web. Use it to find answers to common conservation and collections management questions."
This is the 2010 update of the two previous editions of Genre Terms for Law Materials
Part of the Library of Congress Web Archives, this archive contains selective collection of 231 Web sites, archived beginning on March 13, 2003 related to the Iraq War. Included in the archive are websites from the U.S. and foreign governments, public policy and advocacy groups, educational organizations, religious organizations, support groups for military personnel, anti-war groups, sites that target children, and news sources. The Iraq War Web archive consists of three phases of collection: the first phase, a weekly capture, began on March 13, 2003 with the commencement of the war and ended June 30, 2003. Phase 1 has been processed and is available from this site. Phase 2 is a weekly capture and covers December 2003 to December 2004. Phase 3, also a weekly capture, was begun in January 2005 and is ongoing (archives from these later phases are not yet available).
The China Guiding Cases Project (CGCP) is an initiative of Stanford Law School to advance knowledge and understanding of Chinese law, and to enable judges and legal experts both inside and outside of China to contribute to the evolution of Chinese case law through ongoing dialogue on guiding cases released by the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China.
Published by the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group, this database provides objective measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 181 economies and selected cities at the subnational and regional level. They indicate the regulatory costs of business and can be used to analyse specific regulations that enhance or constrain investment, productivity and growth. The indicators are developed by the Private Sector Vice Presidency of the World Bank Group in cooperation with the Lex Mundi Association of law firms and the International Bar Association. The principal data collection methods for the indicators are the study of the existing laws and regulations in each economy; targeted interviews with regulators, or, private sector professionals in each topic; and cooperative arrangements with other departments of the World Bank, other donor agencies, private consulting firms, business and law associations.
This is the official website of the Joint Committee on Taxation, U.S. Congress. The website contains all Committee publications from 1920. It also provides access to the Committee's rules, history, and membership list. Many thanks to Ms. Victoria Sukhol, Assistant Director for Cataloging at the New York Law School, who suggested and cataloged this website.
Wall Street and the financial crisis: anatomy of a financial collapse: majority and minority staff report
Prepared by the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations under the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, this report examines the various factors contributing to the financial crisis, such as high risk lending, regulatory failure, inflated credit ratings, and investment bank abuses. It contains case studies on Washington Mutual Bank, Office of Thrift Supervision, Moody's and Standards & Poor's, Goldman Sachs and Deutsche Bank.
The United Nations Global Search engine provides a cross-database search option for researchers interested in easily locating multiple types of UN legal publications pertaining to a particular topic. Publications available for search include: Yearbook of the International Law Commission; UNCITRAL yearbook; United Nations juridical yearbook; UNCITRAL publications; Reports of international arbitral awards; Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs; Summaries of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders of the International Court of Justice; Repertoire of Practice of the Security Council; and Proceedings of Diplomatic Conferences.
Funded by a major grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and organized by the American Social History Project at the City University of New York Graduate Center and the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University, the Archive contributes to the on-going effort by historians and archivists to record and preserve the record of 9/11 by collecting and archiving first-hand accounts, emails and other electronic communications, digital photographs and artworks, and a range of other digital materials related to the attacks.
Created by the University of Virginia Library, this website is an online directory to decisions and other legal actions issued by federal agencies of the United States. The directory can be viewed A-Z by agency or by subject. According to the website, "This page is not an attempt to link to Federal Register or the Code of Federal Regulations information for each federal agency. It links to other administrative actions which are outside the scope of the CFR or the FR. What is available via the Internet varies from agency to agency."
This site is an aggregator of digital resources that provide a comprehensive research environment for scholars working on the literature, history, the fine arts, and philosophy of the long eighteenth century (1660-1800). According to the website, "Our main concerns are: Access via plain-text searching for all scholars to open access and proprietary and digital archives including EEBO and ECCO even if their institutions are unable to afford those resources; Peer- review of the growing number of digital resources and archives for which 18thConnect offers an online finding aid; Reflection on Best Practices with scholars who are negotiating new modes of publication and scholarly production."
The National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology and the Law is hosted by Stetson University College of Law. It is a program of the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice. The website includes searchable comprehensive bibliography on law, science and technology. The forensic database contains court decisions and commentary, scholarly publications, commercial applications, professional associations and institutions, and other resources about traditional and new forensic topics.
Perceptions of libraries, 2010: context and community, a report to the OCLC membership
OCLC first published the "Perceptions of libraries and information resources" in 2005. The new report provides updated information and new insights into information consumers and their online habits, preferences, and perceptions. Particular attention was paid to how the current economic downturn has affected the information-seeking behaviors and how those changes are reflected in the use and perception of libraries.
This was featured in a post to the TSLL Tech Scan list on March 18.
AALL's own Yael Mandelstam and George Prager are among the co-authors. Here is the post to the TSLL Tech Scans Blog:
From a message by Ms. Kate Harcourt, Director for Original and Special Materials Cataloging at Columbia University, sent to the OCLC Cataloging list on March 10:
"The Program for Cooperative Cataloging published a guide for vendors. I
think vendors will only improve the quality of records if we insist on
better records. Please share this guide with your vendors as it maps out in
detail how to construct a good quality MARC record.
This is the second edition, updated in fall 2010. Yael Mandelstam and George Prager are among the four authors. Maybe we all should send the guide to the legal publishers who produce record sets!
In support of the Council on Women and Girls, the Office of Management and Budget and the Economics and Statistics Administration within the Department of Commerce worked together to create this report which, for the first time in recent history, pulls together information from across the Federal statistical agencies to compile baseline information on how women are faring in the United States today and how these trends have changed over time. The report provides a statistical portrait showing how women?s lives are changing in five critical areas: People, Families, and Income; Education; Employment; Health; Crime and Violence. This is the first such federal initiative since 1963, when the Commission on Status of Women, established by President Kennedy and chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, produced a report on the conditions of women.
In addition to the report, the White House website also provides additional resources related to women's economic and social status today.
As a digital repository for the nation's great research libraries, HathiTrust brings together the immense collections of partner institutions. It was initially conceived as a collaboration of the thirteen universities of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, the University of California system, and the University of Virginia to establish a repository for those universities to archive and share their digitized collections, and quickly expanded to include additional partners with fast growing treasure of digitized collections.
As shown on the visualization of HathiTrust works by call number page (http://www.hathitrust.org/visualizations_callnumbers), 22% of the works are classified in KF.
Launched in 2006, the Hague Justice Portal (Portail Judiciaire de La Haye) was created by The Hague Academic Coalition to provide a virtual gateway to news, research materials, and general information pertaining to The Hague's role in international peace, justice, and security. Designed to improve access to the Hague courts and encourage academic debate, the portals main projects include the Hague Justice Journal (requires subscription), the PCA Awards Project (with the Permanent Court of Arbitration), and the DomCLIC project (Domestic Jurisprudence on International Criminal Law). The "International Justice Forum" section contains a series of interactive forums designed to facilitate discussion on topics related to international law.
This search engine searches the free full-text of over 400 online law reviews and law journals, as well as document repositories hosting academic papers and related publications such as Congressional Research Service reports. Several of the law reviews and legal journals, working papers, and reports are available online only.
This Nolo site presents an online legal encyclopedia of free legal articles and other materials. Major topics include: accidents & injuries; bankruptcy; business, LLCs & corporations; criminal law; divorce & family law; DUI/DWI & traffic tickets; employment law; immigration; nonprofits; patents, copyright & trademark; personal finance & retirement; real estate & rental property; small claims court & lawsuits; taxes; wills, trusts & estates. Also link to the Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary and selected free online books.
The Universal Declaration of Human rights: An Historical Record of the Drafting Process
This website provides access to United Nations documentation related to the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. From 1946-1948 delegates to the United Nations discussed and drafted an international declaration on the subject of human rights that has become a standard of principles for human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by General Assembly resolution 217A at its 3rd session in Paris on 10 December 1948. This website presents documents in chronological order, arranged according to the various bodies that met to discuss, draft and re-draft the Declaration. There are also brief biographic notes for the members of the Drafting Committee formed by the UN Commission on Human Rights.
The FLRA is an independent agency responsible for administering the labor-management relations program for federal employees world-wide. The site features full-text Authority cases from 1971 to the present and Impasse Panel Final Actions dating back to 1990. Includes information regarding FLRA's processes in dealing with unfair labor practices, representation issues, arbitration appeals, and negotiation disputes; addresses and phone numbers of Regional Offices; Authority decisions; Closed court Litigation decisions; Office of the General Counsel policies and guidance; information regarding the agency's Collaboration and Alternative Dispute Resolution (CADR) activities; press releases; the FLRA Bulletin; and biographies of the Authority Chair and Members, the General Counsel and the Panel Members.
According to the website, "The MPI Data Hub showcases in-depth and latest data on immigrant trends and patterns in the United States and around the world. Research tools include US State Data on the Foreign Born, Maps of the Foreign Born, the World Migration Map, Comparative Charts and Tables, the Global Remittances Guide, and asylum data. To date, the Data Hub has compiled stock, flow, citizenship, asylum, and historical data for 17 countries, including the United States, as well as extensive data from the US Census Bureau and Department of Homeland Security that cover the numbers and characteristics of immigrant populations residing in and arriving to the United States every year."
Integrating resources: a cataloging manual, appendix A to the BIBCO participants' manual and module 35 of the CONSER cataloging manual. 2010 revision
The Integrating Resources: A Cataloging Manual was first issued in 2003 and represented a significant milestone in the development of cataloging documentation. The manual was later revised in 2005 and 2008 to incorporate new practices and changes in the technical services landscape. In 2010 guidelines for repeatable 260 field were added to section 7.3.
This is a digital archive of primary sources on copyright from the invention of the printing press (c. 1450) to the Berne Convention (1886) and beyond. These include privileges, statutes, judicial decisions, contracts and materials relating to legislative history, but also contemporary letters, essays, treatises and artefacts from Italy, Germany, France, Britain and the United States, in Italian, German, French, English and Latin.
Based on a database created by Harold J. Spaeth, the website contains over two hundred pieces of information about each case decided by the Court between the 1953 and 2008 terms. Examples include the identity of the court whose decision the Supreme Court reviewed, the parties to the suit, the legal provisions considered in the case, and the votes of the Justices.
The Earth Portal is a comprehensive resource for timely, objective, science-based information about the environment. It is a means for the global scientific community to come together to produce the first free, expert-driven, massively scalable information resource on the environment, and to engage civil society in a public dialogue on the role of environmental issues in human affairs. It contains no commercial advertising and reaches a large global audience.
Kick the Habit, is written by experts from many disciplines and various countries, with leading research organizations involved in preparing and reviewing the publication. It presents solutions, from reducing consumption and increasing energy efficiency to offsetting emissions via carbon trading schemes, for individuals, businesses, cities and countries plus other groups that have similar characteristics such as NGO and intergovernmental organizations. The book contains case studies, illustrations, maps and graphics and serves also as reference publication.
The Innocence Project was founded in 1992 by Barry C. Scheck and Peter J. Neufeld at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University to assist prisoners who could be proven innocent through DNA testing. The website is organized into several components providing information on cases, wrongful convictions, and DNA evidence. Other sections provide updates on relevant criminal justice legislation and the latest DNA news.
Created by the AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, this is a centralized online database of regulatory impact analyses (RIAs) and related Federal Register notices.
Lincoln/net : Abraham Lincoln historical digitization project / Northern Illinois University
Presents biographical information on and speeches and writings of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), emphasizing Lincoln's Illinois years from 1815-1861. Also provides a database of primary source materials related to antebellum life in Illinois, featuring letters, diaries, political pamphlets, songbooks, and hyperlinks to resources related to Lincoln's political and social context. Includes discussions of eight historical themes and an online Lincoln biography.
The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies was established in April 2005 as a partnership between the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Pew Charitable Trusts. The Project is dedicated to helping ensure that as nanotechnologies advance, possible risks are minimized, public and consumer engagement remains strong, and the potential benefits of these new technologies are realized.
The official web site for President George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States. This site is a source for information about the President, Vice President, First Lady, Mrs. Cheney, and policies of the Bush Administration. "This is historical material, 'frozen in time.' The web site is no longer updated and links to external web sites and some internal pages will not work."
This online collection, created by the University of Wisconsin Law Library, details the career of the man commonly identified as the father of modern American legal history. The collection primarily spans the years 1932 through Hurst's death in 1997. Most of the material dates between 1946 and 1980, when Hurst was a professor at the University of Wisconsin Law School, where he developed the field of American legal economic history through his scholarship and teaching. The collection provides insight into the evolution of Hurst's view of legal history and his role in developing a community for legal historians. It includes Hurst's personal outlines and notes, course texts, publications, publication reviews, research notes, correspondence (incoming and carbon copies of outgoing letters), personnel records, photographs, audio recordings, and even his personal typewriter. Correspondence, topical outlines and notes, and audio recordings compose the bulk of the collection.
The site's name is an acronym for Money And Politics: Illuminating the Connection. According to the site's About Us section: "MAPLight.org, ... illuminates the connection between campaign donations and legislative votes in unprecedented ways. Elected officials collect large sums of money to run their campaigns, and they often pay back campaign contributors with special access and favorable laws. This common practice is contrary to the public interest, yet legal. MAPLight.org makes money/vote connections transparent, to help citizens hold their legislators accountable." The database combines three data sets: Bill texts and legislative voting records; Supporting and opposing interests for each bill; and Campaign contribution data from the Center for Responsive Politics and the National Institute on Money in State Politics.
Human Rights Brief is a student-run publication of the Washington College of Law's
Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. This periodical reports on developments in international human rights and humanitarian law and provides concise legal analysis of cutting edge human rights issues.
This site contains documents from Medieval and Early Modern England (1218-1650)
from the National Archives in London. These documents are digitized and displayed through The
O'Quinn Law Library of the University of Houston Law Center by license of the National Archives.
The documents include a wide range of series from both common law, equity courts and from the exchequer.
Kudos to Lyonette Louis-Jacques, the Foreign and International Law Librarian & Lecturer
in Law at the University of Chicago D'Angelo Law Library, for making me aware of this month's first
site -- Nixontapes.org -- via one of her Twitter posts. This site contains transcripts and mp3 files of
Nixon tapes made between February 1971 and July 1973 (approximately 2,150 hours and 6,000 audio files).
Also included are the NARA-created tape logs and time codes, the president's daily diary, and pertinent
information about each conversation. Topics include discussions of the Watergate affair, conversations
with advisers (mainly Henry Kissinger), visits to China, and domestic and foreign policy, including the
This site is a project of the Sunlight Foundation and the Participatory Politics Foundation,
and describes itself as "[a]n open-source, non-partisan, legislative Web resource that uses structured data
scraped from THOMAS by GovTrack.us to show legislative information - bills, committees, member profiles - in
a more useable format. OpenCongress.org offers RSS feeds as an easy and convenient way to follow the latest
news and blog mentions relating to a bill, a vote or a member of Congress. The site serves as a rich resource
for political bloggers, issue-based membership groups, and individuals."
The Sunlight Foundation was founded in 2006 with the goal of using technology to enable citizens
to learn more about what their elected representatives are doing, to help reduce corruption, ensure greater transparency
and accountability by government, and foster public trust in the institutions of democracy. The site features include
Congressional ethics, political spending, earmarking, and watchdog information; blogs and reports monitoring Congress;
grant information; and "Sunlight Seekr," a tool using name or zip code to cross-search multiple web sites to keep tabs
Established to provide education, transparency, and accountability regarding the
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the site provides explanations of the legislation, shows
how, when and where the funds are to be spent, and provides a forum in which taxpayers may evaluate
the Act's progress and provide feedback.
According to the homepage, "Free Government Information (FGI) is a place for initiating
dialogue and building consensus among the various players (libraries, government agencies, non-profit
organizations, researchers, journalists, etc.) who have a stake in the preservation of and perpetual
free access to government information. FGI promotes free government information through collaboration,
education, advocacy and research." FGI was founded by and continues to be maintained by a group of
librarians who volunteer their time and talent to this cause.
This site provides access to a comprehensive set of freely available British and
Irish primary legal materials, including British and Irish case law and legislation, European Union
case law, Law Commission reports, and other law-related British and Irish material.
This website provides online access to UK legislation and official publications.
It provides guidance on official publishing and crown copyright, information on licensing, the
information asset register, and the information trade scheme. The Office of Public Sector
Information (OPSI) has grown out of Her Majesty's Stationary Office (HMSO).
Ismael Gullon, the Associate Law Librarian for Collections & Technical Services
at Mercer University's Furman Smith Law Library and the former OBS-SIS Chair
who spear-headed the Website of the Month project, suggested this month's first site:
The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. According to the homepage, "In 1953, the Abraham
Lincoln Association published The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, a multi-volume set of
Lincoln's correspondence, speeches, and other writings. Roy P. Basler and his editorial
staff, with the continued support of the association, spent five years transcribing and
annotating Lincoln's papers. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln represented the first
major scholarly effort to collect and publish the complete writings of Abraham Lincoln,
and the edition has remained an invaluable resource to Lincoln scholars. Through the efforts
of the Abraham Lincoln Association, the edition is now available in electronic
form." The site allows visitors to preform simple, boolean and proximity searches,
as well as browse titles, browse through lists of all unique words in the text, and
review the symbols used to describe sources as cited at the beginning of the first
footnote to each item.
Appropriately, this site provides the electronic text of the Federalist Papers,
a collection of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.
This site features the work of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (USCCR).
Based in Washington, D.C., the USCCR is an independent, bipartisan, fact-finding agency of the
Executive Branch that examines and endeavors to resolve discrimination issues related to race,
ethnicity, religion and, more recently, sexual orientation.. This site includes the full-text
of commission reports, some state advisory commission reports, and other publications.
This project is a partnership of the United States Government Printing Office,
the United States Commission on Civil Rights and the Thurgood Marshall Law Library. The documents
on this site are searchable by title, date, subject, and SUDOC number.
CRIN: Child Rights Information Network is a global network coordinating and
promoting information and action on child rights. Almost 2,000 member organisations and tens
of thousands more activists from across the world rely on CRIN for research and information.
CRIN presses for rights, not charity, for children and is guided by a passion for putting
children's rights at the top of the global agenda by addressing root causes and promoting
systematic change. Its guiding framework is the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
CRIN's activities are based on the belief that information is a powerful tool for realising
children's rights. CRIN distributes news, events and reports, lobbies, enables advocacy and
promotes knowledge sharing and coordination. CRIN participates in international child rights
coalitions and advocacy groups, supports campaigns and makes the UN and regional mechanisms
more accessible to those lobbying for social change. "--About CRIN
ChildStats.gov: the official Web site of the Federal Interagency Forum on Child
and Family Statistics offers easy access to federal and state statistics and reports on children
and their families, including: population and family characteristics, economic security, health,
behavior and social environment, and education. Childstats.gov is a project of the Federal
Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.
Childwelfare.com is an index to Internet resources on child abuse and child welfare.
The Children's Defense Fund (CDF) is a nonprofit organization providing a voice
for children in America, particularly minority, poor, and disabled children. The CDF's goal is to
educate the nation about children's needs. The website includes news items, reports, and information
on current issues related to children, as well as information on CDF publications, conferences,
Election law @ Moritz : information and insight on the laws governing federal, state and local elections
According to the site's "About Us" page, "Election Law @ Moritz is a web publication that covers
developments in the law of election administration-- laws dealing with voter registration, voter ID, early and
absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll workers and polling place procedures, recounts and election contests,
and other related issues. Our primary target audience includes lawyers and legal scholars who focus on these issues,
as well as journalists in the elections field."
In honor of the Great American Smokeout on November 20, this month's other featured site is Legacy
tobacco documents library. This site offers searching, viewing, and downloading of over 8 million documents which
relate to scientific research, manufacturing, marketing, litigation and legislation, and advertising and sales of
cigarettes, among other topics. These documents generally date from the 1950's to recent years. The Legacy tobacco
documents library is part of the Tobacco control archives, which was a previous Website of the Month selection.
This site is a collaboration between Street Law and The Supreme Court Historical
Society, and was developed to provide teachers with a full range of resources and activities to
support the teaching of landmark Supreme Court cases. While these activities are online, many of
them can be adapted for use in a one-computer classroom or a classroom with no computer. The
general teaching strategies include moot court, political cartoon analysis, continuum exercises,
and Web site evaluation.
According to the home page, this website is devoted to "[t]ools and insights on
the professional development, and quality of life, and career issues that impact every lawyer's
success and satisfaction." On September 25, 2007 the home page explained that "The Complete Lawyer
is sponsored by bar associations across the country. It is sent out every sixty days to thousands
of lawyers via email and is posted continuously on the web ... [It] focuses solely on the personal
and professional development of lawyers."
A Digest of Civil Laws Now in Force in the Territory of Orleans : with
Alterations and Amendments Adapted to its Present System of Government
This site is a joint project of the Center of Civil Law Studies (CCLS),
Information Technology and the Law Library of the Paul M. Hebert Law Center, in partnership
with the Center for French and Francophone Studies, and the Department of French Studies
at Louisiana State University. According to the website, "The Digest of the Civil Laws
now in Force in the Territory of Orleans was enacted on March 31, 1808. It is now made
accessible online, on occasion of the Bicentennial of what is often described as the
first Louisiana civil code. The original French and the English translation can be
viewed separately or together on the same screen. The typing of both versions was
extracted from the first edition of 1808, printed by Bradford & Anderson, in the
city of New Orleans. With the exception of obvious typos, the Digest Online
strictly follows the original wording and orthography."
The Library of the Peace Palace has one of the world's largest collections in
the field of international law, public and private law, and foreign national law, as well
as an extensive collection on international political and diplomatic history and the history
of peace movements.
These annual reports each have a thematic title, and are issued in English, French, German, and Spanish editions.
This site is a project of the Center for Governmental Studies and Indiana
University-Purdue University Indianapolis University Library. According to the site's Press
Room page, "PolicyArchive is an innovative, new digital archive of global, non-partisan
public policy research. It houses summaries and full texts of public policy research from
various think tanks, universities, government agencies, and foundations. It allows research
users, policy makers, the media, and the public to quickly access the depth and breadth of
research in numerous subject matters. Ultimately, PolicyArchive will indefinitely preserve
the life of public policy research, substantially increase its impact, and provide society
at large with long-term access to the benefits of that important research."
This site is a nonpartisan, nonprofit, "consumer advocate" for voters that aims
to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. The site monitors the factual
accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in the form of TV ads, debates,
speeches, interviews, and news releases. Its goal is to apply the best practices of both journalism
and scholarship, and to increase public knowledge and understanding.
"The Center for Responsive Politics describes itself as 'a non-partisan, non-profit
research group based in Washington, D.C. that tracks money in politics, and its effect on elections
and public policy.' Opensecrets.org, the Center's Web site, provides information from the Federal
Election Commission about campaign contributions to Congress, to the political parties and the
presidential campaigns. The site may be navigated by tabs at the top of the web page, by search
engines within the site, or by links to current issues. Everything is documented with citations and
methodology. The mission statement, contact information, and funding sources are clearly noted.
Opensecrets.org is a goldmine of data on contributions in politics, helpful both for students writing
papers and for avid followers of politics"--"Best Free Reference Web Sites 2002," RUSA Quarterly,
Fall 2002; reviewed Feb. 19, 2002
This site provides free access to Federal rules, proposed rules, notices,
administrative orders, executive orders, and proclamations. Users may search by department
or agency, include keywords, and limit by document type or date; or browse by agency or date.
Coverage begins January 1, 2005
This site is the official revised edition of the primary legislation of the United
Kingdom made available online. Users can view amended legislation as it has changed over time,
see how legislation will be affected by amendments not yet in force, see how legislation has
been amended for different jurisdictions, navigate links between affecting and affected legislation,
and search the text of legislation for words and phrases.
This site provides access to primary sources of Canadian Law accessible for free
on the Internet. The site includes legislative and judicial texts, as well as legal commentaries,
from federal, provincial, and territorial jurisdictions, and the information is available in both
French and English.
According to the homepage, "The Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up jointly
by the Government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations. It is mandated to try those who bear
the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra
Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996." The website
provides information about the Court, information related to its cases, basic documents of the
Court, and practice directions and directives of the Court.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea entered into force on 16
November 1994. A subsequent Agreement relating to the implementation of Part XI of the Convention
entered into force on 28 July 1996. The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an
independent judicial body established by the Convention to adjudicate disputes arising out of the
interpretation and application of the Convention. The Tribunal is composed of 21 elected
independent members. This site provides general information, proceedings and judgments,
documents and publications, news, and question and answer sections in both English and French.
This site contains information on the administrative bodies of the International
Seabed Authority, including the Assembly, Council, Legal and Technical Commission, Finance Committee
and the Secretariat. This site also includes a list of documents issued by the Authority at each of
its sessions, and the full text of selected documents, and the information is available in English,
French, or Spanish.
This site provides fuel economy estimates, energy and environmental impact ratings,
fuel-saving tips, and other related information. It is maintained jointly by the U.S. Department of
Energys Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
This site provides currency conversion information and other services for travelers and businesses.
The Cato journal is a public policy journal that is written and edited to be accessible to lay readers.
The Hague justice journal includes legal articles, commentaries, and overviews of court documents of several international courts.
The ELS bibliography is a database hosted by the UCLA School of Law that contains empirical legal
research material published after July 2005. The database includes law reviews from top law schools in the country, major
specialty journals, legal journals not published by law schools, and journals in other areas: economics, political science,
sociology, anthropology and psychology. Entries include the following bibliographic data: author and affiliation, subject
categories, and data in Blue Book format. The articles are searchable by author, title, subject and year.
This site presents interviews conducted by Bryan Garner in 2006 and 2007 with 8 of the 9 U.S. Supreme Court Justices.
In these interviews, the justices talk about issues such as writing legal briefs and appearing before the court.
Created as a client service tool in 1998 by environmental and energy lawyer David Blackmar, Environmental Law Net
is a leading resource for environmental law research and news. This site is currently under reconstruction, but currently visitors may access
information via the two main content divisions: legal information libraries and community resources. There are six legal information libraries
which are broken into document libraries and task-specific libraries. The document libraries cover laws and regulations, court and agency
decisions, and other agency documents. The task-specific libraries cover compliance, enforcement and litigation, and real estate and corporate
transactions. The community resources area provides a daily newsfeed, reference tools, a moderated interview and seminar forum, editorial articles, and other useful features.
Based in Washington, D.C., Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) is a nonprofit association of state
and territorial environmental commissioners. The website highlights the work of ECOS, including the states involved, projects, research, and the policies of ECOS.
EU environmental policy handbook : a critical analysis of EU environmental legislation : making it accessible to environmentalists and decision makers
This 2005 book was edited by Stefan Scheuer. It describes the history and current status of EU environmental law,
and also looks to the future by analysing the strengths and weaknesses of the actions taken so far.
This journal is sponsored by the University of Miami's Ethics Program and the Georgia Institute of Technology's School of Public Policy.
According to the journal's website, it "is an interdisciplinary forum dedicated to examining issues in the intersection of applied philosophy, science, and the law.
The Journal seeks to stimulate research and publish articles in the following areas: Philosophical issues associated with science policy and the growth of technology;
Philosophy, the legal system, and scientific evidence; The influence of legal and ethical guidelines on scientific research; and Educational issues relating to how legal
and ethical guidelines are taught within scientific fields.
This journal comes from the Cato Institute. It provides analysis of regulatory and economic policies by the nation's leading
economists, policy analysts, and legal experts.
The final 2 titles for March 2008 are the Stanford Agora: an Online Journal of Legal Perspectives and its
predecessor, the Stanford journal of legal studies. According to the Agora's website, it "is an exclusively online journal that seeks to
enrich legal discourse by creating a forum for the discussion of vital legal issues by lawyers and non-lawyers alike. "Agora" is the ancient
Greek word for "marketplace". The Greek Agora served as a forum for philosophical discussion and debate. Today the desire for intense
intellectual interaction has not waned, but the forum for discussion has moved: today's agora is the Internet. Capitalizing on this
revolutionary platform, Stanford Agora supplements traditional written content with multimedia texts and interactive elements.
This site contains over 75,000 documents related to the study of the American Presidency, including public papers,
annual messages to Congress on the state of the Union, inaugural addresses, radio addresses, acceptance speeches, presidential candidates
debates, party platforms, elections data, and an audio/video archive.
The Presidential Timeline is a gateway to the digitized collections of the twelve Presidential Libraries of the
National Archives, from Herbert Hoover to Bill Clinton. It includes an interactive timeline, educational activities, and also documents,
photographs, audio recordings, and video relating to the events of the presidents' lives.
This site consists of approximately 12,000 items housed in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division,
captured in some 72,000 digital images, including correspondence, personal notes, drafts of letters and legislation, an autobiography,
legal and financial documents, and miscellaneous manuscripts. Highlights include a copy of Thomas Jefferson's notes from the Continental
Congress of 1776, including Jefferson's copy of the Declaration of Independence as amended by Congress. Among Madison's correspondents
were Jefferson, Dolly Madison, James Monroe, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, and Noah Webster.
This site was chosen as one of the "Best Free Reference Web Sites of 2000" by RUSA Quarterly. According to the website's
Overview, "[t]he King Papers Project is a major research effort to assemble and disseminate historical information concerning Martin Luther King, Jr.
and the social movements in which he participated." In addition to an extensive King Biography, Encyclopedia, and collection of Audio recordings, the
website includes the most complete inventory available of King's major sermons, speeches, public statements, published writings, manuscripts, and
substantial notes and outlines. Each of the 1,750 catalog records in the inventory contains information that enables scholars to identify the documents
and determine the archival location of the original.
According to the website, "The Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse is a collection of documents and information
about civil rights cases in selected case categories across the United States. Currently, the categories include: Child Welfare, Criminal
Justice (Other), Disability Rights-Pub. Accom., Education, Election/Voting Rights, Equal Employment, Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance,
Immigration, Jail Conditions, Juvenile Institution, Mental Health Facility, Mental Retardation Facility, Nursing Home Conditions, Policing,
Prison Conditions, Public Benefits, Public Defenders, Public Housing, School Desegregation, Speech and Religious Freedom. The site is
dedicated to injunctive rather than damages litigation -- that is, to cases seeking policy or operational change, not cases seeking money."
Launched in 2001, this site seeks to promote a deeper understanding of issues at the intersection of religion
and public affairs. The Forum focuses on four key areas of research: Religion and Politics (where the focus is on the influence of
religion and religious organizations on political behavior, including voting and campaigns); Religion and the Law (where the Forum
analyzes church-state controversies such as Supreme Court battles over the Ten Commandments, the Pledge of Allegiance and
school vouchers); Religion and Domestic Policy (where the Forum examines a wide range of policy debates from abortion and
gay marriage to stem cell research and faith-based initiatives); and Religion and World Affairs (where it explores the integral
role religion plays in world affairs, with a particular focus on religions impact on U.S. foreign policy).
The homepage of the National Association of Consumer Advocates, this site provides general information
about issues affecting consumers such as auto fraud, binding mandatory arbitration, credit reporting problems, debt collection
abuse, identity theft, lemon law, military consumer rights, predatory lending practices, and student loans. The site also has an extensive collection of amicus briefs.
This site provides the first free, full-text searchable database of Supreme Court and Federal Appellate case
reports. It is a resource for attorneys, legal scholars, and the general public. AltLaw is a joint project of Columbia Law School's Program
on Law and Technology, and the Silicon Flatirons Program at the University of Colorado Law School, and is a work in progress.
These guidelines were originally designed to help National Cancer Institute staff improve the presentation of
cancer-related information to cancer researchers and the public, though they are applicable to anyone who designs and manages information web sites.
According to NILL's homepage, "...NILL is a public law library devoted to federal Indian and tribal law. Our
mission is to develop and make accessible a unique and valuable collection of Indian law resources and other information relating to
Native Americans. NILL places special emphasis on fulfilling the information needs of Indian law advocates and others working on
behalf of Native Americans." The library serves all members of the general public including individuals and organizations working on
behalf of Native Americans. In addition to the library catalog and lists of resources by topic, the site features the Tribal Law Gateway
which is a database for finding constitutions and codes of federally recognized tribes, and an online collection of digitized codes and
constitutions. The site also provides a current awareness service called Indian Law Bulletins.
The Tobacco Control Archives (TCA) is a print and digital collection of papers, documents, and electronic
resources related to tobacco control issues maintained by Galen, the digital library of the University of California at San Francisco.
The primary digital collection is the ?Legacy Tobacco Documents Library? which consists of over ?7 million documents concerning
scientific research, manufacturing, marketing, advertising, and sales of cigarettes.? Also available through TCA are the complaints
and other tobacco litigation documents filed by the Attorneys General of 44 states, government reports on tobacco industry, and
some e-books. Finally, detailed finding aids for the paper collections are available online.
A project of the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy, this site collects legal research topics
submitted by practitioners for law students to explore in faculty-supervised writing projects for academic credit.
This is the official website of the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States. The site presents
detailed information about the Federal Reserve system, its board of governors, Federal Reserve banks, and monetary policy. The
site also provides access to information on payment systems, economic research and data, consumer information, reporting forms,
and online publications. This site was named one of the "Best Free Reference Web Sites 2004;" and received this review in the RUSA
Quarterly: "Maintained by the governing body of the Federal Reserve, this site provides an excellent gateway for the Federal Reserve
System as a whole. Both banking professionals and those with a general interest in the economy will find useful features on this site.
A search engine, as well as topical links, lead the user to rich descriptive and full-text material that includes press releases, statistical
data, speeches, publications, and consumer information. In addition to descriptions of the twelve Federal Reserve district banks, there
is an electronic map which links to the district homepages, which provide valuable information about different regional economies.
This site is an excellent starting point for anyone interested in banking at the federal level or the economy as a whole."--Reviewed
March 5, 2004 "Best Free Reference Web Sites 2004," RUSA Quarterly, Fall 2004. Comp. by the MARS Best Free Websites Committee, RUSA, ALA.
This searchable catalog is hosted on the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco website, and also
contains links to the Latest Working Papers and New Economic Articles.
CongressLink is produced by the Dirksen Congressional Center,
a non-partisan, not-for-profit organization that seeks to improve public engagement in politics through better understanding
of Congress. The website provides information about the U.S. Congress, how it works, its members and leaders, and the
public policies it produces. One of its projects is the Civil Rights Documentation Project, which describes the legislative
process involved in the struggle to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The project web page provides a detailed, month
by month timeline of that development, from January 1963 through the law?s enactment in August 1965. Icons indicate
whether a timeline date focuses on the social context or legislative process, and names of key politicians and cites to
specific bill numbers are included.
The Rutherford Institute was founded in
1982 by attorney and author John W. Whitehead. As a "civil liberties organization that provides free legal services to people
whose constitutional and human rights have been threatened or violated," the Institute has a mission to both litigate in defense
of religious and civil liberties and to educate the public about constitutional rights. The website provides extensive information
about Rutherford and its issues of focus. These issues include free speech, religious freedom, church rights, parents rights,
zero tolerance, search and seizure, death penalty, and sexual harassment.
The Forum acts as an advisory body to the United Nations Economic and Social Council, and it is charged
with providing "expert advice and recommendations" to the Council and to "raise awareness and promote the integration and
coordination of activities relating to indigenous issues within the United Nations system." The website provides a variety of
information and materials on the Forum. The history and mandate of the Forum are described in detail. Details of the Forum's
members, secretariat, and monthly calendar are available. Of particular interest to researchers are the articles, speeches,
and official documents made available. Speeches include statements and messages delivered by Forum officials. Various
background documents and resolutions are included in the official documents section listed by symbol number. The Forum's session documents are also available.
According to the website, "(t)he articles are scholarly pieces, written by students and legal professionals
focusing on provocative current issues and trends in international and comparative law. The publication is intended to serve as a
forum for analysis of international legal topics that is both useful and thought provoking."
This site presents statistics on crime and justice in the United States, including information about crime trends,
homicide trends and characteristics, law enforcement management, and administrative statistics. Statistics for state and local agencies are available.
The DOAJ lists free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals,
and aims to cover all subjects and languages. As of today (8/1/07), there are 2,795 journals in the directory; 834 of the journals are searchable at article level;
141,333 articles are included; and 53 journals are listed under the Law subject heading. Of the law-related journals, most are either entirely in English or provide
some English language articles.
The United Nations Official Documents System (ODS) is the electronic repository for official documents published by the United Nations.
It comprises the full text of United Nations parliamentary documents (including resolutions and decisions) issued at United Nations Headquarters in New York and
the United Nations Office in Geneva since 1993 as well as at the United Nations Office in Vienna since 1997. The number of duty stations covered by the ODS is
expanding as the regional commissions have started to load documents. In addition to parliamentary documentation, United Nations administrative
issuances (ST/AI/-, ST/IC/- and ST/SGB/-), considered valid at time of input, are included in the database. UN Resolutions, which includes the official records
version of resolutions of the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council and Trusteeship Council since 1946. Earlier UN documents
(prior to 1993) are being added daily.
Includes links to documents of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government as well as regulatory and administrative decisions and miscellaneous federal government information.
GovSpot is a government information portal, simplifying the search for government websites, documents, facts and figures, news, public policy information and political organizations.
"The Actual Innocence awareness database provides a listing of United States resources to those interested in the area of wrongful convictions. It encompasses the categories of popular media (such as newspaper articles and segments which aired on television news magazines), journal articles, books, reports, legislation and websites. The materials are classified into what are considered the primary causes of wrongful conviction: forensics/DNA; eyewitness identification; false confessions; jailhouse informants; police and/or prosecutorial misconduct; and ineffective representation. There is also a "general" category for those items which defy further categorization."--Home page.
ISEA stands for International Sustainable Energy Assessment, which is a project of the Unversity of Colorado School of Law's Energy and Environmental Security Initiative. This database contains in-force energy treaties from every country in the world. Subject areas include cooperation agreements, electricity infrastructure, energy markets, energy storage, fossil energy, nuclear energy, renewable energy, energy efficiency, and transportation.
Researching U.S. treaties and agreements , a guide by Marci Hoffman available on the LLRX (Law Library Resource Xchange) website. Marci has created an extensive guide to researching multilaterial and bilateral agreements to which the United States is a signatory. Topics include: locating and updating treaties; indexes to treaty collections; treaty research online; status information; implementation and interpretation; drafting of treaties; and bilateral treaties outside of the U.S.
The Center is part of the University of Arkansas School of Law, and the site is a premier source for information and scholarly research on agricultural and food law. The site features "Reading Rooms" that provide in-depth coverage on specific agricultural and food subjects, which include topical background information, statutes, regulations, judicial and administrative decisions, Center publications, and online reference sources. The National AgLaw Reporter, a regularly updated electronic newsletter, provides current news, case summaries, regulatory changes, and administrative decisions. United States Farm Bills offers the full text of the nation's farm bills from 1933 to the present, along with links to legislative history, analysis, and background resources. A quarterly-updated and searchable AgLaw Bibliography provides scholarly sources on 48 agricultural and food law topics.
FLAG is a nonprofit law center dedicated to providing legal services to family farmers and their rural communities in order to help keep family farmers on the land. FLAG focuses on areas such as factory farms, biotechnology, disaster assistance, and sustainable and organic agriculture. The FLAG main page provides news, press releases, Farm Service Agency (FSA) administrative notices, and related articles. Summaries of significant decisions in agricultural law court cases are published in the Farmers' Legal Action Report. Visitors to FLAG's page may read the Group's comments to federal rules and highlights of the Federal Register. FLAG's amicus briefs are also available on the site.
Containing nearly 1,000 translated judicial decisions and statutes, this website is a resource for French, German, Italian, Austrian and Israeli legal materials in the fields of constitutional, administrative, contract and tort law.
The Law and Politics Book Review is sponsored by the Law and Courts Section of the American Political Science Association. Reviews are published frequently, and readers are notified by e-mail as new ones are available. The Section has a membership of almost 900 and presently sends the Review to over 1,300 readers in 39 countries. The electronic medium enables us to review almost every book about the legal process and politics, to do longer reviews than are usually published, and to make the reviews available within six months of our receipt of the book. The review presently remains available for an indefinite period on the Review's World Wide Web home page.
Center is a self-sustaining division of Freedom House, an American human rights group. Its objective is to defend against religious persecution of all groups throughout the world. The website contains current news, country profiles, newsletters, and other relevant information.
"...this very thorough website was created to complement a major television series on the history of the Supreme Court that will soon appear on PBS. Within each one of the site's sections, users will find essays and teaching materials on gender equality, social rights, personal liberties, and equal access to schools. The site also includes a very nice interactive timeline of landmark cases handed down since 1792. Finally, the site also includes a searchable encyclopedia of terms and court cases of note."
Provided by the Blackfeet Reservation Development Fund, Inc. The site details "a class-action lawsuit filed on June 10, 1996, in U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C. to force the federal government to account for billions of dollars belonging to approximately 500,000 American Indians and their heirs, and held in trust since the late 19th century." A case overview provides basic background to the litigation, as well as a timeline detailing all major events in the litigation. Court documents, including plaintiff briefs, trial transcripts, court opinions, and letters are all available online in PDF. Media coverage, from the inception of the case to the present, is provided with full text newspaper articles, editorials, press releases, and interviews.
Digitized collection of the nine remaining American Indian treaties created between the years 1722 and 1805, which are not included in Kappler's Indian affairs: laws and treaties. The collection includes the seven early treaties between a number of American Indian nations and the British, and of two treaties with the United States that were never published in the Statutes at large.
This data collection encompasses all aspects of United States Supreme Court decision-making from the 1946 term to the most recent term. Datasets are also available by various terms, and by individual justices for certain terms.
"The Appeals Court Database Project was designed to create an extensive dataset to facilitate the empirical analysis of the votes of judges and the decisions of the U.S. Courts of Appeals...the database was designed to code a random sample of cases since 1925."--Home page
Provides links to both general and special audience newspapers available online, as well as to other news sources such as magazines and radio and television stations. Coverage is worldwide
According to the JURIST website, it "...is a Web-based legal news and real-time legal research
service powered by a mostly-volunteer team of over 30 part-time law student reporters, editors, and
Web developers led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. JURIST is produced as a public service for the continuing legal
education of its readers and law student staffers, and uses the latest Internet technology to track
important legal news stories and materials and present them rapidly, objectively and intelligibly in
an accessible, ad-free format."
"D-Lib Magazine is a solely electronic publication with a primary focus on digital library research
and development, including but not limited to new technologies, applications, and contextual social and
economic issues."--About D-Lib Magazine
Web site of the Environmental Defense, a not-for-profit environmental advocacy organization. Offers
campaigns and action items for activists, resources for journalists and researchers, and programs which
bring together experts in science, law and economics to tackle complex environmental issues
An environmental information portal for researching global topics, such as water resources, climate and atmosphere,
population and health, energy resources, and agriculture and food. Allows users to gather information from the searchable
database, display data tables, view country profiles, or select maps with global, regional, and country-level environmental
Founded in 1989 by a small group of international lawyers, the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development is an organization
which offers its advice and assistance to governments, inter-governmental entities and non-governmental organizations world-wide. The website
provides papers and publications, including Explanatory Guides, International Environmental Law Papers, EU Environmental Law Papers, and other
relevant materials. The site also provides overviews of its current and past projects dealing with issues such as biodiversity, marine resources,
climate change, and strengthening capacity
Representing Children Worldwide is a research project which compiles information and resources on how
children's voices are heard in child protective proceedings around the country and around the world in the
year 2005. The website provides a summary of the practices of the 194 signatories to the United Nations
Convention on the Rights of a Child (UNCRC) with respect to this question, as well as background information
on the jurisdiction's child protective practices and web resources and contact information for further research
in this field
The website provides information about the work and history of the Commission. In the "Researching
the work of the Commission" section, the following materials are included: a research guide, topics,
texts and instruments, documentation, publications and a search page. The publications area also includes
the full text of the Commission's yearbooks
The Municipal Code Corporation site contains local government codes of ordinances from around United States, as well as links to related organizations.
The Municipal codes web library provides links to municipal and county codes from various states published through LexisNexis Municipal Codes Publishing and Ordlink Services.
GLIN is a database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the member nations from the original official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members, in a server at the Library of Congress, sponsored by the Law Library of Congress. The basic elements of this database are: (1) full texts of the documents in the official language of the country of origin; (2) summaries or abstracts in English; and (3) an English thesaurus. GLIN data fields in the database include country/entity, GLIN thesaurus, title, date of issuance, date of publication, instrument class, instrument number, language, and others. The summaries or abstracts are linked electronically to the corresponding full texts. Access to the contents of the database is at two levels:
guests have access to the summaries and citations to laws; members and associate members can access the full content of the database upon issuance of passwords. Inquiries about GLIN can be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
This site contains PDF files of all Senate Judiciary Committee hearings on *successful* Supreme Court nominations from the Rehnquist-Powell hearings in 1971 to the Roberts hearings in 2005. The older prints have been both scanned and OCR'ed, so they are searchable, as well as amenable to copy and paste functions. Specifically, the transcripts include the hearings on the Associate Justice of the Supreme Court nominations of William H.
Rehnquist, Lewis F. Powell, John Paul Stevens, Sandra Day O'Connor, Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, David H. Souter, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen G. Breyer; Hearing on the Nomination of Justice William H. Rehnquist to be Chief Justice of the United States; Hearing on the Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr. to be Chief Justice of the United States. Presumably, the Alito hearing will be added when the Committee print is published.
The "Alliance for justice" works to promote a fair and independent judiciary and strengthen public interest advocacy. Its website contains extensive information about its political activities and membership functions. In addition, the "Research and Publications" section provides the full text of reports (in PDF) on judicial nominations and select bills and legislation, and other publications aimed at non-profit and foundation organizers.
This site presents basic reference information about the history of the federal courts and the judges who have served on those courts since 1789. It contains six topical links: Judges of the United States Courts; Courts of the Federal Judiciary; Judicial Administration and Organization; Landmark Judicial Legislation; Judicial History News; and a Courthouse Photograph Exhibit. In addition, the site includes links to other internet sites related to the history of the federal judiciary and to history-related publications from the Federal Judicial Center.
According to this site's home page: "As an aid to law review citation-checking, the following is a list of treaties frequently cited in law review articles, along with available sources of hard copy. In addition, wherever possible, the entries are linked to the EISIL database of the American Society of International Law."
This site presents basic reference information about the history of the federal courts and the judges who have served on those courts since 1789. It contains six topical links: Judges of the United States Courts; Courts of the Federal Judiciary; Judicial Administration and Organization; Landmark Judicial Legislation; Judicial History News; and a Courthouse Photograph Exhibit. In addition, the site includes links to other internet sites related to the history of the federal judiciary and to history-related publications from the Federal Judicial Center.
Compilation of online legislative history research guides for most of the 50 states
"Sunshine Week" is an open-government initiative made up of newspaper editors, broadcasters, bloggers, legislators, librarians, and civic groups. In addition to background information on the Sunshine Week Project and its supporters and coordinators, the site provides access to other materials on open access, including a Toolkit section, tips for writing about open government, and advice on conducting a Freedom of Information audit and how to make requests under the Freedom of Information Act. The site also links to numerous news stories and editorials on open access.
The "EFF" in "EFF : legal guide for bloggers" stands for the Electronic Frontier Foundation. According to the homepage of the Legal guide for bloggers, EFF "... is a non-profit civil liberties organization working in the public interest to protect privacy, free expression, and access to public resources and information online, as well as to promote responsibility in new media." The Legal guide for bloggers site contains a collection of frequently asked questions (FAQs) for bloggers about their legal rights. Topics include intellectual property, online defamation law, section 230 (of the Communication Decency Act of 1996) protections, and privacy. Also includes FAQs for bloggers as journalists on reporter's privilege and media access, and FAQs relating to election and labor laws.
"SupportGuidelines.com" is a comprehensive resource for the interpretation and application of child support guidelines in the United States.
The Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations is a web-based service that allows you to search for the meaning of abbreviations for English language legal publications, from the British Isles, the Commonwealth, and the United States, including those covering international and comparative law. A selection of major foreign language law publications is also included. The database mainly covers law reports and law periodicals, but some legislative publications and major textbooks are also included.
For more general abbreviations and acronyms, Acronyma provides a search interface to a database of over 450,000 acronyms and abbreviations. It includes acronyms in English, Spanish, French, and other languages.
Site includes selected Congressional Research Service reports, some with different editions. Each report is assigned subjects terms from the Legislative Indexing Vocabulary, supplemented with Library of Congress Subject Headings. Reports may be accessed through subject listings, or may be located through keyword searching
The Open CRS site provides access to Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports that are already in the public domain.
These papers are housed at the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin. The digitized documents available
at this site include source materials and drafts belonging to
Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein during their partnership telling
the story of the Watergate scandal. Also included are materials
used for Washington Post articles and the books "All the
President's Men" and "The Final Days."
This journal is produced by students at the Northwestern University
School of Law. According to the journal's homepage, the journal
"... is dedicated to providing a dynamic new forum for the vigorous
discussion of human rights issues of all varieties among scholars
of all disciplines and perspectives. Recognizing that a comprehensive
examination of international human rights cannot be accomplished
based on legal principles alone, the Journal seeks contribution
from professionals in all areas, including but not limited to
law, business, ethics, political science, economics, religion,
This website is dedicated to international and foreign law research,
and the dissemination of high-level international, foreign, and
comparative law research tools.
This website is directed towards the state justice community.
It contains over 100 court-related topics, which include overviews,
research reports, resource guides, frequently asked questions,
best practices, and NCSC publications.
The Santa Clara Journal of International Law hopes to redefine
legal journalism by publishing an easily accessible, entirely
web-based international law journal composed of rigorous, accessible,
and intellectually sound material. Each journal volume contains
materials from a diverse representation of international scholars.
In addition to the online journal, book reviews and articles are
posted on the website. The Journal also hosts an annual symposium
at Santa Clara University, School of Law.
The Yale Journal of Law & Technology (YJoLT) is the first law
review in the world to offer its readership a fully interactive
environment in which to acquire and disseminate knowledge about
the interface between law and technology. Formerly the Yale Symposium
on Law & Technology, the Journal not only publishes lectures and
written pieces by the diverse and distinguished guests of Yale
Law School as well as other scholars, practitioners, and students,
it also provides a forum for a robust community discussion of
the issues raised in its published pieces.
This journal contains short, quality articles on a wide range
of environmental law issues. In addition, it provides summaries
of important lectures on environmental law at Pace.
Provides access to information about the Commission and data
produced by the Commission in pursuit of its mission to prepare
a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the
September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and to provide recommendations
designed to guard against future attacks. Includes archived transcripts,
videos of the public hearings held by the Commission, and full
text of final report
EISIL is a fully searchable database that provides access to
primary materials, authoritative Web sites, and helpful research
guides. For each source, it also provides background information,
such as citations and references, dates when laws or treaties
were concluded, and links to related resources
This site provides access to national copyright and related rights
legislation of UNESCO member states. The collection currently
comprises approximately 100 laws and is constantly being updated.
According to the introductory material on the website, CLEA "...is
a unique electronic database providing easy access to intellectual
property legislation from a wide range of countries and regions
as well as to treaties on intellectual property. It is an invaluable
information resource made available by WIPO [World Intellectual
Property Organization] free of charge to all interested parties,
including researchers, legal professionals, policy-makers, students
Web site of the Library's Harry Blackmun paper collection.
Selected materials from the collection, including the oral
history video interviews and associated transcript, have
been digitized and are available online at this site. A
finding aid and selected bibliography on Blackmun are also
This site presents the results of an investigative study of prosecutorial
misconduct in the U.S. conducted by the Center for Public Integrity.
Sections of the site include Main Findings, Prosecutor Profiles,
Analyses, Nationwide Numbers, Updates and Corrections, and a database
Reference Guide to the Geneva Conventions / Maria
Trombley. (Society of Professional Journalists)
This site is the online version of the Journalist's Guide
to the Geneva Conventions, and provides access to the four
Geneva Conventions, the two Protocols of 1977, as well
as the history of the Conventions. It also includes links to other
treaties on human rights, weapons, and genocide, as well as an
alphabetical index that provides references to specific convention
text relevant to particular topics.
The First Amendment Center serves as a forum for the study and
exploration of free-expression issues, including freedom of speech,
of the press and of religion, the right to assemble and petition
the government. The Center, with offices at Vanderbilt University
in Nashville, Tenn., and Arlington, Va., is an operating program
of the Freedom Forum and is associated with the Newseum.
The Admiralty and Maritime Law Guide includes over 1,500
annotated links to admiralty law resources on the Internet and
a growing database of admiralty case digests, opinions and international
maritime conventions. The emphasis is on the law of the United
States and the focus is on Internet resources that can be used
in an effective and practical manner by admiralty attorneys and
Transitional justice in post-Saddam Iraq: the road to re-establishing
rule of law and restoring civil society: a blueprint.
This report, dated March 2003, is the product of the Working
Group on Transitional Justice of the Future of Iraq Project (Working
Group), which worked in cooperation with the Iraqi Jurists'Association.
Comprised primarily of prominent former Iraqi judges, lawyers
and law professors, the Working Group embarked on this project
in July 2002 in consultation with international experts in the
areas of international criminal law, truth and reconciliation,
post-conflict justice and military reform. The resulting Transitional
Justice Plan is aimed at transforming an unstable and chaotic
state, caused by a dictatorship with a legacy of gross human rights
abuses, to a democratic pluralistic system which respects the
rule of law.
This site presents information about the National Governors'
Association (NGA), a bipartisan organization for the governors
of the U.S. states, the commonwealths of the Northern Mariana
Islands and Puerto Rico, and the territories of American Samoa,
Guam, and the Virgin Islands. The site includes an overview and
history of the organization, which provides a forum for governors
to exchange views and experiences. The NGA provides assistance
in solving state-focused problems, information on state innovations
and practices, and a bipartisan forum for governors to establish,
influence, and implement policy on national issues. It posts press
releases, along with contact information via mailing and e-mail
addresses and telephone numbers. The site also contains a user-friendly
comprehensive database of all past and present U.S. governors.
Copyright Bulletin. (United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization)
The Copyright Bulletin "aims to provide regular information
on legal developments in the protection of copyright and neighbouring
rights at the national and international levels." Available
in English, French, and Spanish.
The Avalon Project is dedicated to providing digital document
access to primary source materials in the fields of Law, History,
Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government.
The German Law Journal : Review of Developments in German,
European and International Jurisprudence
The first and only on-line, English-language report on developments
in German and European jurisprudence. With regard to both Public
Law and Private Law in Germany, as well as European Law, GLJ provides
thoughtful, quality reporting while inviting further commentary
on and analysis of the issues on which it reports. GLJ's frequent
publication schedule permits the most contemporary coverage. GLJ
also provides coverage of German and European Legal Culture, including
annoncements of conferences and other events of interest, book
reviews, and coverage of appointments to the judiciary.
This site contains a collection of trial transcripts, briefs,
document books, evidence files, and other documents relating to
the trial of Nazi military and political leaders of the Third
Reich before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) and to
trials of other accused war criminals.
"[This] an implementing component of the National Strategy
for Homeland Security and is complemented by a
Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures
and Key Assets. The purpose of this document is to engage
and empower Americans to secure the portions of cyberspace that
they own, operate, control, or with which they interact. Securing
cyberspace is a difficult strategic challenge that requires coordinated
and focused effort from our entire society, the federal government,
state and local governments, the private sector, and the American
Family Resource Guide on International Parental Kidnapping.
(U.S. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.)
This PDF document offers descriptions and realistic assessments
of available civil and criminal remedies, explains applicable
laws, identifies public and private resources, and identifies
strategies to help left behind parents recover their children
or reestablish meaningful contact with them in another country.
Presents Oyez Oyez Oyez, a multimedia database about the United
States Supreme Court. Includes audio files of oral arguments,
abstracts of key constitutional cases, and information on Supreme
Court justices. Offers a virtual tour of the U.S. Supreme Court
building in Washington, D.C. Lists justices alphabetically and
in order of appointment.
Saddam Hussein : crimes and human rights abuses : a report
on the human cost of Saddam's policies (Foreign & Commonwealth
This month's legal Website from London speaks for itself. The
subject of this record conveys no political message from the University
of Colorado or the Online Bibliographic Services SIS.
This guide is designed for researchers and information professionals
with an interest in United Nations documentation. It presents
an overview of the various types of documents and publications
issued by the Organization (e.g, reports, resolutions, meeting
records, sales publications, press releases) and gives guidance
on how to work with them. The Research Guide also provides information
on actions taken by the General Assembly as well as the Security
Council and introduces researchers to major fields of UN activities:
disarmament, human rights, international law and peacekeeping."
Codes of Ethics Online Project (Center for the
Study of Ethics in the
Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology)
This database of over 850 professional codes has been updated
regularly since 1996. The codes are easily searched by subject
categories. Included are early versions of codes of ethics of
some organizations for convenient historical research. A literature
review, an introduction to the codes, and a User Guide are included.
This journal promotes indigenous self-determination by facilitating
discussion of the internal law of the world's indigenous nations.
The Tribal Law Journal provides native peoples, practitioners,
and law students an opportunity to contribute their work to the
discussion relating to internal indigenous law.
This site "contains extensive tabular analysis of Internet
and on-line sources for legislative and regulatory information;
guides to legislative history research; status tables on selected
legislation; union list of legislative documents and tables on
presidential issuances and congressional publications; links to
state resources and House and Senate committee documents and hearings."
An innovative new electronic law journal from the University
of Warwick Law School covering a range of topics relating to legal
issues surrounding the impact of globalisation on social development.
It contains a diversity of materials including peer reviewed and
non-refereed articles, commentaries, work in progress articles,
book reviews, and conference reports and papers, as well as information
papers, news and details of global conferences.
This site from the U.S. Dept. of State describes the status of
religious freedom in each foreign country, and government policies
violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious
denominations and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious
freedom around the world.
The focus of the journal is on current legal issues in judicial
decisions, law reform, legislation, legal research, policy related
socio-legal research, and information technology and practice.
From University of Newcastle upon Tyne in association with Blackstone
This 1998 report led to hearings recently held in Congress on
protecting workers from discrimination based on their genetic
This UN site contains latest developments, basic legal documents,
tribunal publicatons, judgements, and indictments and proceedings.
Presents information on legal citation, provided by Peter W.
Martin. Discusses the purposes of legal citation and the general
types of citation rules. Highlights how to cite cases, constitutions,
regulations, arbitrations, rules of evidence, law journal writing,
and documents from earlier stages of a case. Contains example
citations, as well as abbreviations and omissions used in citations.
Offers information on underlining in citations and text.
JAKE is a free website developed at Yale Medical Library that
allows you to search for a journal to see which databases index
it and/or include the full-text. You can search by journal title;
database title; ISSN; or citation to a specific article using
journal title, volumes, issue, page and year. This site is unique
in giving us a way to keep current on the constantly changing
nature of serials in electronic format. There are roughly 23,000
journals included in 200 databases, and many are full-text.
This site is a registry of Web resources that list or provide
access to the full title of journal abbreviations or other types
of abbreviated publication titles (e.g., conference proceedings
titles). It includes "Bluebook Abbreviations of Law Review
Titles" from the University of Washington, School of Law,
Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library.
This site is from professor Doug Linder at UMKC. It's fun, easy
to use, very informative and well worth a visit. A New York Times
review found it, "a highly regarded Web site that tells the
stories of famous trials by using a jazzy mix of transcripts,
maps, pictures, audio clips, primary documents and essays."
This is a remarkable site which brings together online the records
and acts of Congress housed at the Law Library of Congress. It
has a sophisticated easy-to-use search engine.
Links to city and county codes available for unrestricted searching
on the World Wide Web, maintained by the Seattle Public Library.