Appendix E: State Jurisdictions

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Use the following recommended citations as models for citing legal materials from American state and territorial jurisdictions.

ALABAMA

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 AL 100 ¶ 23
Court of Civil Appeals  1998 AL Civ App 100 ¶ 23
Court of Criminal Appeals 1998 AL Crim App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 

Code AL Code § 13A-5-40 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Law AL L 96-193 § 3

Administrative Regulations
 

Code AL Admin Code r 830-x-1-.01 (through 12/31/1990)
Register  16 AL Admin Monthly 146 (2/27/1998)

ALASKA

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 AK 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 AK App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 

Code AK Stat § 43.10.015 (1996 through 1st Spec Sess)
Session Laws AK Sess L 1996 ch 10 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 

Code 7 AK Admin Code 13.010 (through 12/5/1997)
Register AK Admin J no 13 p 66 (3/31/1997)

ARIZONA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 AZ 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 AZ App (2d) 100 ¶ 23
Tax Court 1998 AZ Tax Ct 100  ¶ 23

Statutes
 

Code AZ Rev Stat § 14-2501 (1996 through 7th Spec Sess 42d Legis)
Session Laws AZ L 1992 ch 199 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 

Code  AZ Admin Code R10-2-115 (through 6/30/1997)
Register 3 AZ Admin Reg 2149 (8/15/1997)

ARKANSAS

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 AR 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 AR App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 

Code AR Code § 28-9-206 (1997 through 1st Ext Sess)
Session Laws AR Acts 1969 no 303 § 7

Administrative Regulations
 

Code (None)
Register 21 AR Reg 3 (11/1997)

CALIFORNIA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 CA 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeal 1998 CA App (1st) 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code: California has 28 subject codes and the subject is included in the citation. Abbreviations for the codes are listed below. 

Example: CA Bus & Prof Code § 471 (1995-1996 through 4th Ext Sess)
 

Business and Professions CA Bus & Prof Code
Civil CA Civ Code
Civil Procedure CA Civ Pro Code
Code Commercial CA Com Code
Corporations CA Corp Code
Education  CA Educ Code
Elections CA Elec Code
Evidence CA Ev Code
Family CA Fam Code
Financial CA Fin Code
Fish & Game CA Fish & Game Code
Food & Agricultural CA Food & Agri Code
Government CA Govt Code
Harbors & Navigation CA Harb & Nav Code
Health & Safety CA Health & Safety Code 
Insurance CA Ins Code
Labor CA Labor Code
Military & Veterans CA Mil & Vet Code
Penal CA Penal Code
Probate CA Prob Code
Public Contract CA Pub Cont Code
Public Resources CA Pub Res Code
Public Utilities CA Pub Util Code
Revenue & Taxation CA Rev & Tax Code
Streets & Highways CA St & Hwy Code
Unemployment Insurance CA Unemp Ins Code
Vehicle CA Veh Code
Water CA Water Code
Welfare & Institutions CA Welf & Inst Code

Statutes
 

Session Laws CA Stats 1996 ch 1029 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 

Code 1 CA Code of Regs § 190
Register CA Reg Notice Reg 98 no 5-Z p 205 (1/30/1998) 

CA Reg'y Law Bull 97-1 (1/3/1997) (Barclays) 
(See Footnote to Rule 502)

COLORADO

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 CO 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 CO App 100 ¶ 23
Water Court 1998 CO Water Ct (Rio Grande Basin) 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code CO Rev Stat § 1-40-107 (1996 through 2d Reg Sess 60th Gen Ass)
Session Laws CO L 1996 HB 96-1181 § 4

Administrative Regulations
 

Code 6 CO Code of Regs 1008-2 § 2.0 (effective 1/30/1993)
Register 20 CO Reg 11 (11/1997)

CONNECTICUT

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 CT 100 ¶ 23
Appellate Court 1998 CT App 100  ¶ 23
Superior Court 1998 CT Super Ct (New Haven Jud Dist) 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code CT Gen Stat § 12-62 (1996 through Feb Reg Sess)
Session Laws CT PA 95-225 § 22

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code CT Reg of State Agencies 19-13-B39 (through 2/24/1998)
Register 59 CT Law J 4C (10/7/1997)

DELAWARE

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 DE 100 ¶ 23
Court of Chancery 1998 DE Ch Ct 100 ¶ 23
Superior Court 1998 DE Super Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code 11 DE Code § 1441 (1996 through 138th Gen Ass)
Session Laws DE L 1996 ch 477 § 2

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code DE Code of Regs 73 701 001-3 (through 7/1997) (Weil) (See Footnote to Rule 500)
Register 2 DE Reg 765 (11/l/1998) 

DE Govt Reg 12-7 (11/1997) (Weil) (See Footnote to Rule 502)

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Court of Appeals 1998 DC App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code DC Code § 22-2401 (1997 through 4/12)
Session Laws DC L 10-257 § 401(b)(1) (1995)

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code  6 DC Municipal Regs § 2203 (through 1/30/1998)
Register 45 DC Reg 866 (2/13/1998)

FLORIDA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 FL 100 ¶ 23
District Court of Appeal 1998 FL Dist Ct App (3d) 100 ¶ 23 
Circuit Court 1998 FL Cir (20th) 100 ¶ 23 
County Court  1998 FL Orange County Ct 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code  FL Stat § 373.139 (1996 through 2d Reg Sess)
Session Laws FL L 1996 ch 96-406 § 173 

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code FL Admin Code R 62-25.020 (through 1/31/1998)
Register 24 FL Admin Weekly 1367 (3/20/1998) 

GEORGIA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 GA 100'1 23 
Court of Appeals 1998 GA App 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code GA Code § 18-4-65 (1996 through Gen Ass)
Session Laws  GA L 1990 act 40 § 5 

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code GA Rules and Regs r 391-3-17-.09 (through 11/30/1997)
Register (none)

HAWAI'I

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 HI 100 ¶ 23 
Intermediate Court of Appeals 1998 HI Interm Ct App 100 ¶ 23 
Land Court 1998 HI Land Ct 100 ¶ 23
Tax Appeal Court 1998 HI Tax App 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code  HI Rev Stat § 236-15 (1996 through Reg Sess) 
Session Laws HI L 1979 ch 224 § 1 

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code HI Admin Rules § 11-06-1 (through 11/30/1997) (Weil) (See Footnote to Rule 500
Register (none)

IDAHO

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 ID 100 ¶ 23 
Court of Appeals 1998 ID App 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code ID Code § 41-1038 (1996 through Reg Sess) 
Session Laws ID SL 1978 ch 10 § 1 p 19

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code ID Admin Code 38.04.04.200 (through 7/1/1996)
Register  ID Admin Bull 98-1 p 18 (through 1/7/1998) 

ILLINOIS

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 IL 100 ¶ 23 
Appellate Court 1998 IL App (3d) 100 ¶ 23 
Court of Claims 1998 IL C1 Ct 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code  235 IL Comp Stat 5/6-21 (1997 through PA 90-25) 
Session Laws IL PA 82-783 § 1 (1991) 

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 35 IL Admin Code § 307.4201 (through 5/1/1996) 
Register  27 IL Reg 1141 (1/9/1998)

INDIANA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 IN 100 ¶ 23 
Court of Appeals 1998 IN App 100 ¶ 23 
Tax Court 1998 IN Tax Ct 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code IN Code § 35-32-1-2 (1996 through Reg Sess) 
Session Laws IN PL 2-1992 § 875 

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code  410 IN Admin Code 5-4-4 (through 1/9/1998) 
Register 21 IN Reg 372 (I 1/1/1997)

IOWA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 IA 100 ¶ 23 
Court of Appeals 1998 IA App 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code IA Code § 491.22 (1996 through Reg Sess) 
Session Laws IA Acts 1996 ch 1 170 § 4 

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 581 IA Admin Code 2.2(1) (through 8/12/1987) 
Register  IA Admin Bull vol XX no 17 p 1240 ARC 7819A (2/11/1998) 

KANSAS

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 KS 100 ¶ 23 
Court of Appeals 1998 KS App 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code KS Stat § 70a-101 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws KS L 1995 ch 260 § 3

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code KS Admin Regs 28-23-1 (through 8/1/1997) 
Register 17 KS Reg 36 (11/1/1998) 

KENTUCKY

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 KY 100 ¶ 23 
Court of Appeals 1998 KY App 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code KY Rev Stat § 342.316 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws KY L 1994 ch 181 pt 11 § 38

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 9 KY Admin Regs Service 1:050 (through 8/15/1997)
Register 24 KY Admin Reg 1819 (2/1/1998) 

LOUISIANA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 LA 100 ¶ 23 
Court of Appeal 1998 LA App (4th Cir) 100 ¶ 23 

APPROVED JUDICIAL CITATIONS*
 

Supreme Court 98-2345, p.7 (La. 7/15/98); 708 So.2d 789, 792 
Court of Appeals 98-2345, p.7 (La. App. 4 Cir. 7/15/98); 708 So.2d 789, 792 
* Section 8 of the Supreme Court of Louisiana, General Administrative Rules provides that opinions issued by the Supreme Court and Courts of Appeal after December 31, 1993 shall be cited according to a uniform public domain citation with a parallel citation to the Southern Reporter. The uniform public domain citation shall consist of the case name, docket number excluding letters, a court abbreviation and the month, day and year of issue. If a pinpoint citation is needed, the page number designated by the court, i.e. slip opinion page number, shall follow the docket number and shall be set off with a comma and the abbreviation "p." Tile initial pinpoint citation may be followed by a parallel pinpoint citation to the Southern Reporter

Statutes
 

Code:
 
Louisiana's statutory law is found in five subject codes and the remainder in the Revised Statutes.

Subject Codes:
 

Civil LA Civ Code
Civil Procedure LA Code Civ Pro
Criminal Procedure LA Code Crim Pro
Evidence LA Code Ev
Children's  LA Chil Code 
Examples: 

Revised Statutes:
LA Rev Stat § 38:2212 (1996 through Reg Sess)

Subject Code:
LA Civ Code art 86 (1996 through Reg Sess) 

Session Laws  LA Acts 1994 3d Ext Sess no 51 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 

Code  LA Admin Code 43.XIX.1301 (through 9/1996) 
Register LA Reg 23:49 (1/20/1997) 

MAINE

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Judicial Court 1998 ME 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL CITATION*
 
 

Supreme Judicial Court 1998 ME 100, ¶ 23, 708 A.2d 789
* Order SJC-216 o1 the Maine Supreme Judicial Court, dated August 20, 1996, provides that opinions of the Court issued on or after January 1, 1997 shall be cited using a universal citation with a required parallel citation to the Atlantic Reporter. Pinpoint citations shall be made by reference to paragraph numbers assigned by the Court.

Statutes
 
 

Code 28-A ME Rev Stat § 2072 (1996 through 117th Legis 2d Sp Sess)
Session Laws ME L 1983 ch 568 § 14

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code ME Code of Rules 09 137 001 (through 2/1998) (Weil) (See Footnote to Rule 500)
Register ME Govt Reg 82-87 (11/1997) (Weil)
(See footnote to Rule 502)

 

MARYLAND

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Court of Appeals  1998 MD 100 ¶ 23
Court of Special Appeals 1998 MD Sp App 100 ¶ 23
Tax Court 1998 MD Tax Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code:
Maryland is in the process of replacing its old code with subject codes, which currently number twenty-seven.
Agriculture MD Agric Code
Business Occupations & Professions  MD Bus Occ & Prof Code
Business Regulation MD Bus Reg Code
Commercial Law I MD Comm L I Code
Commercial Law II MD Comm L II Code
Corporations & Associations MD Corp & Assn Code
Courts & Judicial Proceedings MD Cts & Jud Pro Code
Education MD Educ Code
Environment MD Env Code
Estates & Trusts  MD Est & Trusts Code 
Family Law MD Fam L Code
Financial Institutions MD Fin Inst Code
Health-General I MD Health-Gen I Code
Health-General II MD Health-Gen II Code
Health Occupations MD Health Occ Code
Insurance MD Ins Code
Labor & Employment MD Lab & Emp Code
Natural Resources I MD Nat Res I Code
Natural Resources II MD Nat Res II Code
Real Property MD Real Prop Code
State Finance & Procurement MD State Fin & Pro Code
State Government MD State Govt Code
State Personnel & Pensions MD State Pers & Pens Code
Tax-General MD Tax-Gen Code
Tax-Property MD Tax-Prop Code
Transportation I MD Transp I Code
Transportation II MD Transp II Code
Examples: 

MD Bus Reg Code §§ 1-414 (1996 through Reg Sess) 

MD Code art 33 § 3-18 (1996 through Reg Sess)

Session Laws MD Sess L 1997 ch 9 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code MD Code of Regs 10.07.11.03 (through 3/13/1998)
Register 25:4 MD Reg 242 (2/13/1998)

MASSACHUSETTS

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Judicial Court 1998 MA 100 ¶ 23
Appeals Court 1998 MA App 100 ¶ 23
District Court 1998 MA Dist Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code MA Gen L ch 93A § 9 (1996 through ch 31 2d Ann Sess)
Session Laws MA Stat 1972 ch 614 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 780 MA Code of Regs 1210.1 (through 12/12/1997)
Register 820 MA Reg 78 (6/27/1997)

MICHIGAN

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 MI 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 MI App 100 ¶ 23
Court of Claims 1998 MI Cl Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code MI Comp L § 566.221 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws  MI PA 1962 no 174 § 9992

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code MI Admin Code R 325.5631 (through 1993 annual supp)
Register 1997 MI Reg no 9 p 115 (10/3/1997)

MINNESOTA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 MN 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 MN App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code MN Stat § 256D.05 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws MN L 1987 ch 384 art 3 § 31

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code MN Rules 9505.3640 (through 11/13/1997)
Register 22 MN State Reg 1402 (2/17/1998)

MISSISSIPPI

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 MS 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 MS App 100 ¶ 23
Chancery Court 1998 MS Ch Ct (20th) 100 ¶ 23
Circuit Court  1998 MS Cir (20th) 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL CITATIONS*
 
 

Supreme Court 98-KA-01234-SCT (¶ 23) (Miss. 1998)
Court of Appeals 98-KA-01234-COA (¶ 23) (Miss. 1998)
* Rule 28(e) provides that opinions from the Mississippi Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals issued after July I, 1997 shalI be cited either by reference to the Southern Reporter or the case numbers (docket numbers) assigned by the Clerk's Office. The latter citation option is both medium and vendor neutral. Both the book citation and the case number citation systems permit the use of pinpoint citations by paragraph number. See Supreme Court of Mississippi Order NO. 89-R-99027 SCT, dated Novemher, 11, 1997, amending Mississippi Rules of Appellate Procedure Rule 28(e).

Statutes
 
 

Code MS Code § 91-9-107 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws MS L 1983 ch 534 § 7

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code MS Code of Rules 08 020 001 (through 12/31/1997) (Weil)
(See footnote to Rule 500)
Register MS Govt Reg 6-12 (1/1998) (Weil) (See footnote to Rule 502)

MISSOURI

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 MO 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 MO App (E Dist) 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code MO Rev Stat § 351.360 (1996 through 2d Reg Sess 88th Gen Ass)
Session Laws MO L 1996 SB no 768 § A (§ 4)

MO L 1994 HB no 1095 § A

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 10 MO Code of State Regs 70-2.010 (through 11/1988)
Register  23 MO Reg 109 (1/16/1998)

MONTANA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 MT 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL, CITATIONS*
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 MT 100, ¶ 23, 286 Mont. 890, ¶ 23, 989 P.2d 789, ¶ 23
* An order of the Montana Supreme Court, dated December 16, 1997, provides that after January l, 1998, opinions of the Court shall be cited by reference to a public domain citation, followed by a citation to the Montana Reports followed by a citation to the Pacific Reporter. Pinpoint citations are made to paragraphs of an opinion.

Statutes
 
 

Code MT Code § 35-8-301 (1993 through 53d Legis Reg Sess)
Session Laws MT L § 5 ch 462 § 5, L 1995

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code  MT Admin Rules 4.10.1501 (1) (through 6/30/1997)
Register 1995 MT Admin Reg p 1525 (8/10/1995)

NEBRASKA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 NE 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 NE App 100 ¶ 23
Workers' Compensation Court 1998 NE Workers Comp Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code NE Code § 35-8-301 (1993 through 53d Legis Reg Sess)
Session Laws NE L § 5 ch 462 § 5 L 1995

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 163 NE Admin Rules and Regs ch 2 § 006.11 (through 3/17/1995)
Register (none)

NEVADA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 NV 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code  NV Rev Stat § 463.140 (1995 through 68th Sess)
Session Laws NV Acts 1993 ch 178 § 16

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code NV Admin Code 361.136 (through 1/1997)
Register  NV Reg of Admin Regs R 192-97 § 1 (through 2/28/1998)

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 NH 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code NH Rev Stat § 231.92 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws NH L 1991 385:5

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code NH Admin Rules [agency name] [Regulation number]:

Example: NH Admin Rules Env-C 609.02 (through 8/1/1997)

Register NH Rulemaking Reg vol 18 no 10 ¶ 3 (3/6/1998)

NH Govt Reg 20-94 (1/1998) (Weil) (See footnote to Rule 502)

NEW JERSEY

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 NJ 100 ¶ 23
Superior Court, Appellate Division 1998 NJ App Div 100 ¶ 23 
Superior Court, Law Division 1998 NJ Super Ct - Law Div 100 ¶ 23
Superior Court, Chancery Division 1998 NJ Super Ct - Ch Div 100 ¶ 23
Tax Court 1998 NJ Tax Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code NJ Rev Stat § 3B:27-1 (1996 through 1st Ann Sess)
Session Laws NJ L 1979 ch 501 § 4

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code NJ Admin Code 5:30-2.8 (through 5/15/1995)
Register  28 NJ Reg 5181 (12/16/1996)

NEW MEXICO

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 NM 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 NM App 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL CITATIONS*
 
 

Supreme Court 1998-NM SC-100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals  1998-NMCA-100 ¶ 23
* Order 98-8500 of the New Mexico Supreme Court provides that on and after January 1, 1996, all appellate opinions shall be cited by reference to the official vendor-neutral citation with a parallel citation to either the state reporter or the regional reporter for as long as those reporters are published. Pinpoint citations are made to paragraphs of an opinion. When paragraph numbering is unavailable, pinpoint page references may be used.

Statutes
 
 

Code NM Stat § 73-2-11 (1996 through 1st Sp Sess 42d Legis)
Session Laws NM L 1983 ch 265 § 54

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 4 NM Admin Code 3.1. 1.7 (through 12/31/1997)
Register 9 NM Reg 101 (2/28/1998)

NEW YORK

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Court of Appeals 1998 NY 100 ¶ 23
Appellate Division of Supreme Court 1998 NY App Div (4th Dept) 100 ¶ 23
Appellate Term of Supreme Court 1998 NY App Term (2d Dept) 100 ¶ 23
Supreme Court 1998 NY Tompkins County Sup Ct 100 ¶ 23
Surrogate's Court 1998 NY Tompkins County Surr Ct 100 ¶ 23
County Court 1998 NY Tompkins County Ct 100 ¶ 23
Family Court 1998 NY Tompkins County Fam Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code:
 
The Statutes of New York are codified into 97 codes designated Laws for the most part, but also including a few Acts and one Code. Uncodified laws are collected in the Unconsolidated Laws.
Abandoned Property NY Aban Prop L
Agricultural Conservation & Adjustment NY Agri Cons & Adj L
Agriculture & Markets NY Agri & Mkts L
Alcoholic Beverage Control NY Alcoh Bev Ctrl L
Alternative County Government NY Alt Cty Govt L
Arts & Cultural Affairs NY Arts & Cult Aff L
Banking NY Banking L
Benevolent Orders NY Ben Ord L
Business Corporation NY Bus Corp L
Canal NY Canal L
Civil Practice Law and Rules NY CPLR
Civil Rights NY Civ Rights L
Civil Service NY Civ Serv L
Cooperative Corporations  NY Coop Corp L
Correction NY Corr L
County NY Cty L
Court of Claims Act NY Ct Claims Act
Criminal Procedure NY Crim Pro L
Debtor and Creditor NY Debt & Cred L
Domestic Relations  NY Dom Rel L
Economic Development NY Econ Dev L
Education NY Educ L
Election NY Elec L
Eminent Domain Procedure NY Em Dom Pro L
Employers' Liability NY Emp Liab L
Energy NY Energy L
Environmental Conservation  NY Env Cons L
Estates, Powers, and Trusts NY Est Pow & Trusts L
Executive NY Exec L
Family Court Act  NY Fam Ct Act
General Associations  NY Gen Assns L
General Business NY Gen Bus L
General City NY Gen City L
General Construction NY Gen Const L
General Municipal NY Gen Mun L
General Obligations  NY Gen Oblig L
Highway NY Hwy L
Indian NY Indian L
Insurance NY Ins L
Judiciary NY Jud L
Labor NY Lab L
Legislative NY Legis L
Lien  NY Lien L
Limited Liability Company NY LLC L
Local Finance NY Loc Fin L
Mental Hygiene NY Ment Hygiene L
Military NY Mil L
Multiple Dwelling NY Mult Dwell L
Multiple Residence NY Mult Res L
Municipal Home Rule NY Mun Home Rule L
Navigation NY Nav L
New York City Civil Court Act  NY City Civ Ct Act
New York City Criminal Court Act NY City Crim Ct Act
Not-for-Profit Corporation  NY Not for Profit Corp L
Parks, Recreation and Historical Preservation NY Pks, Rec & Hist Pres L
Partnership NY Pship L
Penal  NY Penal L
Personal Property NY Pers Prop L
Private Housing Finance NY Priv Hous Fin L
Public Authorities NY Pub Auth L
Public Buildings NY Pub Bldgs L
Public Health NY Pub Health L
Public Housing NY Pub Hsg L
Public Lands NY Pub Lands L
Public Officers NY Pub Off L
Public Service NY Pub Serv L
Racing, Pari-Mutuel Wagering, and Breeding NY Rac, Pari-Mut Wag &
Breeding L
Railroad NY RR L
Rapid Transit NY Rapid Trans L
Real Property NY Real Prop L
Real Property Actions and Proceedings NY Real Prop Actions L
Real Property Tax NY Real Prop Tax L
Religious Corporations NY Rel Corps L
Retirement and Social Security NY Ret & SS L
Rural Electric Cooperatives NY Rural Elec Coops L
Second Class Cities NY Second Class Cities L
Social Services NY Soc Serv L
Soil and Water Conservation Districts NY Soil & Wat Cons Dists L
State Administrative Procedure Act NY State APA
State Finance NY State Fin L
State NY State L
State Printing and Public Document NY State Print & Pub Docs L
Statute of Local Government NY Stat Loc Govt L
Surrogate's Court Procedure Act NY Surr Ct Pro Act
Tax NY Tax L
Town  NY Town L
Transportation NY Transp L
Transportation Corporations NY Transp Corps L
Uniform City Court Act NY Unif City Ct Act
Uniform Commercial Code NY UCC
Uniform District Court Act NY Unif Dist Ct Act
Uniform Justice Court Act NY Unif Just Ct Act
Vehicle and Traffic NY Veh & Traf L
Village NY Vill L
Volunteer Ambulance Workers' Benefit NY Vol Amb Wrkrs Ben L
Volunteer Firefighters' Benefit NY Vol Fire Ben L
Workers' Compensation NY Work Comp L 
Examples:

NY Aban Prop L § 200 (1996 through ch 399)

NY Unconsol L § 202 (1996 through ch 399)

Session Laws  NY L 1996 ch 12 § 3

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 18 NY Comp Codes Rules and Regs § 515.6 (through 1/1/1995)
Register 20 NY State Reg 17 (3/11/1998)

NORTH CAROLINA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 NC 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 NC App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code NC Gen Stat § 113-202 (1994 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws NC Sess L 1991 ch 545 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 13 NC Admin Code 7F.0402 (through 11/11/1995)
Register 9:21 NC Reg 1701 (2/1/1995)

NORTH DAKOTA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court  1998 ND 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL CITATIONS*
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 ND 100, ¶ 23, 708 N.W.2d 789
* North Dakota Rules of Court (NDROC) Rule 11.6 provides that after January 1, 1997, opinions of the Supreme Court shall be cited by reference to a medium-neutral citation followed by a required parallel citation to the North Western Reporter. Pinpoint (spot) citations are made to paragraphs of an opinion.

Statutes
 
 

Code ND Cent Code § 39-08-01 (1995 through 54th Legis Ass)
Session Laws ND SL 1987 ch 470 § 7

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code ND Admin Code § 13-03-03-01 (through 6/1988)
Register (none)

OHIO

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 0H 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 OH App (12th) 100 ¶ 23
Court of Common Pleas 1998 OH Lucas County Ct C P 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code OH Rev Code § 3107.07 (1996 through laws filed 12/31)
Session Laws OH L HB 419 § 2 (1995)

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code OH Admin Code 3701-20-26 (through 6/30/1997)
Register  1997-1998 OH Monthly Rec 1453 (12/1997)

OKLAHOMA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court  1998 OK 100 ¶ 23
Court of Civil Appeals 1998 OK Civ App 100 ¶ 23
Court of Criminal Appeals 1998 OK Crim App 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL CITATIONS*
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 OK 100, ¶23, 989 P.2d 789, 792
Court of Civil Appeals 1998 OK CIV APP 100, ¶ 23, 989 P.2d 789, 792
* Oklahoma Supreme Court Rules (OSCN) Rule 1.200(e) provides that opinions of the Supreme Court and the Court of Civil Appeals shall be cited by reference to an official "paragraph citation form" - which is a universal citation. This official citation is followed by a required parallel citation to the Pacific Reporter. A pinpoint reference to the official citation is made by referring to paragraphs of an opinion. Pinpoint references to pages are permitted in the parallel citation.

Statutes
 
 

Code 16 OK Stat § 202 (1996 through 2d Reg Sess 45th Legis)
Session Laws  OK L 1985 ch 325 § 5

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code OK Admin Code 235: 10-7-2 (through 2/17/1998)
Register 4 OK Reg 1519 (5/15/1997)

OREGON

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court  1998 OR 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 OR App 100 ¶ 23
Tax Court  1998 OR Tax Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code OR Rev Stat § 281.045 (1995 through Sp Sess 68th Legis Ass)
Session Laws  OR L 1993 ch 210 § 20

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code OR Admin Rules 291-66-010 (10) (through 4/30/1996)
Register 37 OR Bull no 3 p 19 (3/1/1998)

PENNSYLVANIA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 PA 100 ¶ 23
Commonwealth Court 1998 PA Commw Ct 100 ¶ 23
Superior Court  1998 PA Super Ct 100 ¶ 23
Court of Common Pleas 1998 PA Ct C P (60th) 100 ¶ 23
Philadelphia Municipal Court 1998 PA Philadelphia Mun Ct 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code:
 
The legislature has been enacting portions of the code since 1970. Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes is the enacted code. Pennsylvania Statutes are not enacted. They are actually intermingled within each physical volume.
Examples:

30 PA Cons Stat § 2504 (1996 through Gen Ass) 

26 PA Stat § 1-507 (1996 through Gen Ass)

Session Laws PA PL 784 no 225 § 215 (1982) 

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 1 PA Admin Code § 3.1 (through 3/22/1997)
Register 28 PA Bull 1006 (2/21/1998)

RHODE ISLAND

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 RI 100 ¶ 23
Workers Compensation Court 1998 RI Worker's Comp Ct 100 ¶ 23 

Statutes
 
 

Code RI Gen L § 19-21-40 (1996 through Jan Sess)
Session Laws RI PL 1995 ch 82 § 52

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 13 RI Code of Rules 8 000 007 (Weil) (See footnote to Rule 500)
Register RI Govt Reg 66-29 (2/1998) (Weil) (See footnote to Rule 502)

SOUTH CAROLINA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 SC 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals  1998 SC App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code  SC Code § 16-9-320 (1996 through Sess)
Session Laws SC L 1993 act 184 § 89

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code  SC Code Regs 103-621 (through 9/26/1997)
Register  22 SC State Reg no 3 p 51 (through 3/27/1998)

SOUTH DAKOTA

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court  1998 SD 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL CITATION*
 
 

Supreme Court  1998 SD 100, ¶ 23, 989 N.W.2d 789
* Rule 95-13 of the South Dakota Supreme Court Rules provides that opinions of the Court issued on or after January l, 1996 shall be cited by means of a universal citation with a required parallel citation to the North Western Reporter. A pinpoint (spot) citation to an opinion shall be made by reference to paragraph numbers.

Statutes
 
 

Code SD Codified L § 7-16-6 (through 1997)
Session Laws SD SL 1997 ch 31 § 4

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code SD Admin Rules 74:28:21:01 (through 8/7/1997)
Register 24 SD Reg 89 (12/22/1997)

TENNESSEE

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 TN 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 TN App 100 ¶ 23
Court of Criminal Appeals 1998 TN Crim App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code TN Code § 39-14-408 (1996 through Sess)
Session Laws TN Acts 1993 ch 473 § 7

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code TN Comp Rules and Regs 0020-1-.01 (through 10/1996)
Register TN Admin Reg vol 25 no 4 p 13 (4/15/1998)

TEXAS

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 TX 100 ¶ 23
Court of Criminal Appeals 1998 TX Crim App 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals General example 1998 TX App (Austin) 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals Houston example 1998 TX App (Houston 1st) 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code, Unconsolidated:
 
Codification began in 1963. Since then 17 codes have been enacted in whole or in part.
Agriculture TX Agric Code
Alcoholic Beverage TX Alcho Bev Code
Business & Commerce TX Bus & Com Code
Civil Practice & Remedies TX Civ Prac & Rem Code
Corporations & Associations TX Corp & Assn Code
Criminal Procedure TX Code Crim Pro art 36.07
Education TX Educ Code
Election TX Elec Code
Family  TX Fam Code
Government TX Govt Code
Health & Safety TX Health & Safety Code
Human Resources TX Hum Res Code
Labor TX Lab Code
Local Government TX Loc Govt Code
Natural Resources TX Nat Res Code
Parks & Wildlife TX Pks & Wildlife Code
Penal TX Penal Code
Property TX Prop Code
Tax TX Tax Code
Transportation TX Transp Code
Water TX Water Code
Examples: 

TX Agric Code § 167.03 (1995 through Reg Sess)

TX Crim Pro Code art 36.07 (1997 through Reg Sess)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Code, Consolidated:
 
The remaining Texas statutes can be found in a consolidation, Texas Civil statutes.  There are three additional separate codes and acts "embedded" in the consolidation, which have different numbering.
Examples:

Texas Civil Statutes:

TX Civ Stat art 1416 (1995 through Reg Sess)

Embedded Statutes:
 

TX Prob Code § 36

TX Bus Corp Act art 2.18

TX Ins Code art 3.44

Session Laws TX L 1995 ch 869 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 

Code 25 TX Admin Code § 119.4 (through 6/27/1997)
Register 23 TX Reg 1026 (2/6/1998)

UTAH

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 UT 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 UT App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code UT Code § 20A-9-501 (1997 through Spec Sess)
Session Laws  UT L 1994 ch 1 § 68

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code  UT Admin Code R539-6-15 (through 7/1/1996)
Register  UT Bull 98-6 p 46 (3/15/1998)

VERMONT

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 VT 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code VT Stats § 2303 (1996 through Adj Sess)
Session Laws VT L 1985 no 100 (Adj Sess) § 23

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code VT Code of Rules 14 040 021 through 12/1996) (Weil) (See footnote to Rule 500)
Register  VT Govt Reg 80-7 (9/1997) (Weil) (See footnote to Rule 502)

VIRGINIA

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 VA 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 VA App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code VA Code § 18.2-248 (1997 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws VA Acts 1997 ch 832

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code 4 VA Admin Code 25-130-817.152 (through 12/8/1997)
Register  14:9 VA Reg 1333 (1/19/1998)

WASHINGTON

Judicial Decisions
 
 

Supreme Court 1998 WA 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 WA App 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 
 

Code WA Rev Code § 2.04.010 (1996 through Reg Sess 54th Legis)
Session Laws WA L 1991 ch 363 § 2

Administrative Regulations
 
 

Code WA Admin Code 246-318-790 (through 11/1/1997)
Register  WA State Reg 97-16-008 (8/20/1997)

WEST VIRGINIA

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 WV 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 

Code WV Code § 5-1-9 (1996 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws WV Acts 1995 ch 101

Administrative Regulations
 

Code 61 WV Code of State Rules 1-4 (through 6/1997)
Register WV Reg 15:11 p 475 (3/13/1998)

WISCONSIN

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 WI 100 ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 1998 WI App 100 ¶ 23

APPROVED JUDICIAL. CITATIONS*
 

Supreme Court 2000 WI 100, ¶ 23, 221 Wis. 2d 408, ¶ 23, 595 N.W. 2d 346, ¶ 23
Court of Appeals 2000 WI App 100, ¶ 23, 221 Wis. 2d 408, ¶ 23, 595 N.W. 2d 346, ¶ 23
* An order of the Wisconsin Supreme Court, dated June 8, 1999, provides that after January 1, 2000, opinions of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals shall be cited by reference to a public domain citation, followed by a citation to the Wisconsin Reports followed by a citation to the Northwestern Reporter. Subsequent citations shall include at least one of the references and shall be internally consistent. Citation to specific portions of an opinion shalI be by reference to paragraph numbers.

Statutes
 

Code WI Stat § 7.08 (1997 through Act 11)
Session Laws  WI L 1993 act 491 § 258

Administrative Regulations
 

Code WI Admin Code § [agency name] [section number]:

Example: 

WI Admin Code § DWD 80.32 (through 3/31/1998) 

Register  WI Admin Reg no 507 p 15 (3/15/1998)

WYOMING

Judicial Decisions
 

Supreme Court 1998 WY 100 ¶ 23

Statutes
 

Code WY Stat § 1 -23-105 (1997 through Reg Sess)
Session Laws WY L 1997 ch 188 § 1

Administrative Regulations
 

Code WY Code of Rules 006 041 001 (through 12/1997) (Weil) (See footnote to Rule 500)
Register WY Govt Reg 1-7 (6/1995) (Weil)
(See footnote to Rule 502)