KNOWING WHEN TO REFER
Sometimes, what patrons really need is more than you can give. The best thing to do is to admit this. You can help lead a patron to a source – you can even read that source information to a patron – but you should not interpret the information. You cannot interpret what the legislature what trying to say with that confusing statute, and you cannot give someone legal advice on what to do in their situation…you can only suggest sources that will answer their questions. Sometimes though, people’s questions are so complicated, that a single source, or many sources won’t help them out. They may need legal advice, or more in-depth information than your library may carry.
In this case, there are other resources you should be familiar with to help your patrons, including local legal and library referral options.
Become familiar with the services of your state Bar Association. Sometimes they may have programs where people can meet with an attorney for free or they may have a referral service where people can meet with attorneys for a reduced rate.
There is a listing of legal services programs, and lawyer referral services on the American Bar Association web site. Some paper resources to check are the Directory of Pro Bono Programs, published by the ABA Center for Pro Bono or the Directory of Legal Aid and Defender Offices in the United States and Territories published by the National Legal Aid and Defender Association (202.452.0620).
LEGAL AID/LEGAL SERVICES
Check out which services there are for low income patrons. Do you have a Legal Services or Legal Aid? What type of clients will they take? Keep a listing of phone numbers by the reference desk of available legal aid/legal service centers.
PUBLIC LAW LIBRARIES
Don’t forget to use your public law library as a resource. They may have some specialized materials that may answer your patrons questions. Since librarians are generally a very congenial group, also don’t forget to call for help with reference questions that you may not be able to answer.
The American Association of Law Libraries is the national organization for law libraries, and they publish an AALL Membership Directory, which includes a state by state listing of member libraries.