Principle II, Standard C

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Principle II: A successful legal researcher gathers information through effective and efficient research strategies.


  1. Principle II, Standard C: An information-literate legal professional confirms and validates research results, incorporating existing work product and expertise.


    1. Understands the necessity of validating case holdings through the use of citators such as Shepard's, KeyCite, or other citation-based methods of updating case law.
    2. Analyzes research results using prior knowledge and experience on the topic in particular, as well as one's general knowledge of legal principles.
    3. Recognizes the benefits of requesting assistance from knowledgeable individuals, or an institution's knowledge management system.
    4. Understands when to stop the research process.