Legal Website of the Month Archive
GOVERNMENT INFORMATION RESOURCES: ADMINISTRATIVE DECISIONS & OTHER ACTIONS
Created by the University of Virginia Library, this website is an online directory to decisions and other legal actions issued by federal agencies of the United States. The directory can be viewed A-Z by agency or by subject. According to the website, “This page is not an attempt to link to Federal Register or the Code of Federal Regulations information for each federal agency. It links to other administrative actions which are outside the scope of the CFR or the FR. What is available via the Internet varies from agency to agency.”
This site is an aggregator of digital resources that provide a comprehensive research environment for scholars working on the literature, history, the fine arts, and philosophy of the long eighteenth century (1660-1800). According to the website, “Our main concerns are: Access via plain-text searching for all scholars to open access and proprietary and digital archives including EEBO and ECCO even if their institutions are unable to afford those resources; Peer- review of the growing number of digital resources and archives for which 18thConnect offers an online finding aid; Reflection on Best Practices with scholars who are negotiating new modes of publication and scholarly production.”
The National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology and the Law is hosted by Stetson University College of Law. It is a program of the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice. The website includes searchable comprehensive bibliography on law, science and technology. The forensic database contains court decisions and commentary, scholarly publications, commercial applications, professional associations and institutions, and other resources about traditional and new forensic topics.
PERCEPTIONS OF LIBRARIES, 2010: CONTEXT AND COMMUNITY, A REPORT TO THE OCLC MEMBERSHIP
OCLC first published the “Perceptions of libraries and information resources” in 2005. The new report provides updated information and new insights into information consumers and their online habits, preferences, and perceptions. Particular attention was paid to how the current economic downturn has affected the information-seeking behaviors and how those changes are reflected in the use and perception of libraries.
MARC RECORD GUIDE FOR MONOGRAPH AGGREGATORS
This was featured in a post to the TSLL Tech Scan list on March 18.
AALL’s own Yael Mandelstam and George Prager are among the co-authors. Here is the post to the TSLL Tech Scans Blog:
From a message by Ms. Kate Harcourt, Director for Original and Special Materials Cataloging at Columbia University, sent to the OCLC Cataloging list on March 10:
“The Program for Cooperative Cataloging published a guide for vendors. I think vendors will only improve the quality of records if we insist on better records. Please share this guide with your vendors as it maps out in detail how to construct a good quality MARC record.
This is the second edition, updated in fall 2010. Yael Mandelstam and George Prager are among the four authors. Maybe we all should send the guide to the legal publishers who produce record sets!
WOMEN IN AMERICA: INDICATORS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC WELL-BEING
In support of the Council on Women and Girls, the Office of Management and Budget and the Economics and Statistics Administration within the Department of Commerce worked together to create this report which, for the first time in recent history, pulls together information from across the Federal statistical agencies to compile baseline information on how women are faring in the United States today and how these trends have changed over time. The report provides a statistical portrait showing how women?s lives are changing in five critical areas: People, Families, and Income; Education; Employment; Health; Crime and Violence. This is the first such federal initiative since 1963, when the Commission on Status of Women, established by President Kennedy and chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, produced a report on the conditions of women.
In addition to the report, the White House website also provides additional resources related to women’s economic and social status today.
As a digital repository for the nation’s great research libraries, HathiTrust brings together the immense collections of partner institutions. It was initially conceived as a collaboration of the thirteen universities of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, the University of California system, and the University of Virginia to establish a repository for those universities to archive and share their digitized collections, and quickly expanded to include additional partners with fast growing treasure of digitized collections.
As shown on the visualization of HathiTrust works by call number page (http://www.hathitrust.org/visualizations_callnumbers), 22% of the works are classified in KF.
THE HAGUE JUSTICE PORTAL
Launched in 2006, the Hague Justice Portal (Portail Judiciaire de La Haye) was created by The Hague Academic Coalition to provide a virtual gateway to news, research materials, and general information pertaining to The Hague’s role in international peace, justice, and security. Designed to improve access to the Hague courts and encourage academic debate, the portals main projects include the Hague Justice Journal (requires subscription), the PCA Awards Project (with the Permanent Court of Arbitration), and the DomCLIC project (Domestic Jurisprudence on International Criminal Law). The “International Justice Forum” section contains a series of interactive forums designed to facilitate discussion on topics related to international law.
FREE FULL-TEXT ONLINE LAW REVIEW/LAW JOURNAL SEARCH ENGINE
This search engine searches the free full-text of over 400 online law reviews and law journals, as well as document repositories hosting academic papers and related publications such as Congressional Research Service reports. Several of the law reviews and legal journals, working papers, and reports are available online only.
FREE LEGAL INFORMATION AND SOLUTIONS, ALSO KNOWN AS NOLO’S LEGAL ENCYCLOPEDIA
This Nolo site presents an online legal encyclopedia of free legal articles and other materials. Major topics include: accidents & injuries; bankruptcy; business, LLCs & corporations; criminal law; divorce & family law; DUI/DWI & traffic tickets; employment law; immigration; nonprofits; patents, copyright & trademark; personal finance & retirement; real estate & rental property; small claims court & lawsuits; taxes; wills, trusts & estates. Also link to the Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary and selected free online books.
THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS: AN HISTORICAL RECORD OF THE DRAFTING PROCESS
This website provides access to United Nations documentation related to the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. From 1946-1948 delegates to the United Nations discussed and drafted an international declaration on the subject of human rights that has become a standard of principles for human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by General Assembly resolution 217A at its 3rd session in Paris on 10 December 1948. This website presents documents in chronological order, arranged according to the various bodies that met to discuss, draft and re-draft the Declaration. There are also brief biographic notes for the members of the Drafting Committee formed by the UN Commission on Human Rights.
FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY
The FLRA is an independent agency responsible for administering the labor-management relations program for federal employees world-wide. The site features full-text Authority cases from 1971 to the present and Impasse Panel Final Actions dating back to 1990. Includes information regarding FLRA’s processes in dealing with unfair labor practices, representation issues, arbitration appeals, and negotiation disputes; addresses and phone numbers of Regional Offices; Authority decisions; Closed court Litigation decisions; Office of the General Counsel policies and guidance; information regarding the agency’s Collaboration and Alternative Dispute Resolution (CADR) activities; press releases; the FLRA Bulletin; and biographies of the Authority Chair and Members, the General Counsel and the Panel Members.
MPI IMMIGRATION DATA HUB
According to the website, “The MPI Data Hub showcases in-depth and latest data on immigrant trends and patterns in the United States and around the world. Research tools include US State Data on the Foreign Born, Maps of the Foreign Born, the World Migration Map, Comparative Charts and Tables, the Global Remittances Guide, and asylum data. To date, the Data Hub has compiled stock, flow, citizenship, asylum, and historical data for 17 countries, including the United States, as well as extensive data from the US Census Bureau and Department of Homeland Security that cover the numbers and characteristics of immigrant populations residing in and arriving to the United States every year.”
INTEGRATING RESOURCES: A CATALOGING MANUAL, APPENDIX A TO THE BIBCO PARTICIPANTS’ MANUAL AND MODULE 35 OF THE CONSER CATALOGING MANUAL. 2010 REVISION
The Integrating Resources: A Cataloging Manual was first issued in 2003 and represented a significant milestone in the development of cataloging documentation. The manual was later revised in 2005 and 2008 to incorporate new practices and changes in the technical services landscape. In 2010 guidelines for repeatable 260 field were added to section 7.3.
PRIMARY SOURCES ON COPYRIGHT (1450-1900)
This is a digital archive of primary sources on copyright from the invention of the printing press (c. 1450) to the Berne Convention (1886) and beyond. These include privileges, statutes, judicial decisions, contracts and materials relating to legislative history, but also contemporary letters, essays, treatises and artefacts from Italy, Germany, France, Britain and the United States, in Italian, German, French, English and Latin.
SUPREME COURT DATABASE
Based on a database created by Harold J. Spaeth, the website contains over two hundred pieces of information about each case decided by the Court between the 1953 and 2008 terms. Examples include the identity of the court whose decision the Supreme Court reviewed, the parties to the suit, the legal provisions considered in the case, and the votes of the Justices.
The Earth Portal is a comprehensive resource for timely, objective, science-based information about the environment. It is a means for the global scientific community to come together to produce the first free, expert-driven, massively scalable information resource on the environment, and to engage civil society in a public dialogue on the role of environmental issues in human affairs. It contains no commercial advertising and reaches a large global audience.
KICK THE HABIT: A UN GUIDE TO CLIMATE NEUTRALITY
Kick the Habit, is written by experts from many disciplines and various countries, with leading research organizations involved in preparing and reviewing the publication. It presents solutions, from reducing consumption and increasing energy efficiency to offsetting emissions via carbon trading schemes, for individuals, businesses, cities and countries plus other groups that have similar characteristics such as NGO and intergovernmental organizations. The book contains case studies, illustrations, maps and graphics and serves also as reference publication.
The Innocence Project was founded in 1992 by Barry C. Scheck and Peter J. Neufeld at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University to assist prisoners who could be proven innocent through DNA testing. The website is organized into several components providing information on cases, wrongful convictions, and DNA evidence. Other sections provide updates on relevant criminal justice legislation and the latest DNA news.
REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSES
Created by the AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, this is a centralized online database of regulatory impact analyses (RIAs) and related Federal Register notices.
LINCOLN/NET : ABRAHAM LINCOLN HISTORICAL DIGITIZATION PROJECT / NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY
Presents biographical information on and speeches and writings of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), emphasizing Lincoln’s Illinois years from 1815-1861. Also provides a database of primary source materials related to antebellum life in Illinois, featuring letters, diaries, political pamphlets, songbooks, and hyperlinks to resources related to Lincoln’s political and social context. Includes discussions of eight historical themes and an online Lincoln biography.
PROJECT ON EMERGING NANOTECHNOLOGIES
The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies was established in April 2005 as a partnership between the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Pew Charitable Trusts. The Project is dedicated to helping ensure that as nanotechnologies advance, possible risks are minimized, public and consumer engagement remains strong, and the potential benefits of these new technologies are realized.
THE WHITE HOUSE, PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH
The official web site for President George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States. This site is a source for information about the President, Vice President, First Lady, Mrs. Cheney, and policies of the Bush Administration. “This is historical material, ‘frozen in time.’ The web site is no longer updated and links to external web sites and some internal pages will not work.”
THE J. WILLARD HURST COLLECTION (1932-1997)
This online collection, created by the University of Wisconsin Law Library, details the career of the man commonly identified as the father of modern American legal history. The collection primarily spans the years 1932 through Hurst’s death in 1997. Most of the material dates between 1946 and 1980, when Hurst was a professor at the University of Wisconsin Law School, where he developed the field of American legal economic history through his scholarship and teaching. The collection provides insight into the evolution of Hurst’s view of legal history and his role in developing a community for legal historians. It includes Hurst’s personal outlines and notes, course texts, publications, publication reviews, research notes, correspondence (incoming and carbon copies of outgoing letters), personnel records, photographs, audio recordings, and even his personal typewriter. Correspondence, topical outlines and notes, and audio recordings compose the bulk of the collection.
The site’s name is an acronym for Money And Politics: Illuminating the Connection. According to the site’s
section: “MAPLight.org, … illuminates the connection between campaign donations and legislative votes in unprecedented ways. Elected officials collect large sums of money to run their campaigns, and they often pay back campaign contributors with special access and favorable laws. This common practice is contrary to the public interest, yet legal.
makes money/vote connections transparent, to help citizens hold their legislators accountable.” The database combines three data sets: Bill texts and legislative voting records; Supporting and opposing interests for each bill; and Campaign contribution data from the Center for Responsive Politics and the National Institute on Money in State Politics.
HUMAN RIGHTS BRIEF
is a student-run publication of the Washington College of Law’s
Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. This periodical reports on developments in international human rights and humanitarian law and provides concise legal analysis of cutting edge human rights issues.
THE ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL TRADITION
This site contains documents from Medieval and Early Modern England (1218-1650) from the National Archives in London. These documents are digitized and displayed through The O’Quinn Law Library of the University of Houston Law Center by license of the National Archives. The documents include a wide range of series from both common law, equity courts and from the exchequer.
Kudos to Lyonette Louis-Jacques, the Foreign and International Law Librarian & Lecturer in Law at the University of Chicago D’Angelo Law Library, for making me aware of this month’s first site — Nixontapes.org — via one of her Twitter posts. This site contains transcripts and mp3 files of Nixon tapes made between February 1971 and July 1973 (approximately 2,150 hours and 6,000 audio files). Also included are the NARA-created tape logs and time codes, the president’s daily diary, and pertinent information about each conversation. Topics include discussions of the Watergate affair, conversations with advisers (mainly Henry Kissinger), visits to China, and domestic and foreign policy, including the Vietnam war.
This site is a project of the Sunlight Foundation and the Participatory Politics Foundation, and describes itself as “[a]n open-source, non-partisan, legislative Web resource that uses structured data scraped from THOMAS by GovTrack.us to show legislative information – bills, committees, member profiles – in a more useable format. OpenCongress.org offers RSS feeds as an easy and convenient way to follow the latest news and blog mentions relating to a bill, a vote or a member of Congress. The site serves as a rich resource for political bloggers, issue-based membership groups, and individuals.”
The Sunlight Foundation was founded in 2006 with the goal of using technology to enable citizens to learn more about what their elected representatives are doing, to help reduce corruption, ensure greater transparency and accountability by government, and foster public trust in the institutions of democracy. The site features include Congressional ethics, political spending, earmarking, and watchdog information; blogs and reports monitoring Congress; grant information; and “Sunlight Seekr,” a tool using name or zip code to cross-search multiple web sites to keep tabs on Congress.
Established to provide education, transparency, and accountability regarding the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the site provides explanations of the legislation, shows how, when and where the funds are to be spent, and provides a forum in which taxpayers may evaluate the Act’s progress and provide feedback.
FREE GOVERNMENT INFORMATION
According to the homepage, “Free Government Information (FGI) is a place for initiating dialogue and building consensus among the various players (libraries, government agencies, non-profit organizations, researchers, journalists, etc.) who have a stake in the preservation of and perpetual free access to government information. FGI promotes free government information through collaboration, education, advocacy and research.” FGI was founded by and continues to be maintained by a group of librarians who volunteer their time and talent to this cause.
BAILII : BRITISH AND IRISH LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE
This site provides access to a comprehensive set of freely available British and Irish primary legal materials, including British and Irish case law and legislation, European Union case law, Law Commission reports, and other law-related British and Irish material.
OFFICE OF PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION
This website provides online access to UK legislation and official publications. It provides guidance on official publishing and crown copyright, information on licensing, the information asset register, and the information trade scheme. The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) has grown out of Her Majesty’s Stationary Office (HMSO).
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Ismael Gullon, the Associate Law Librarian for Collections & Technical Services at Mercer University’s Furman Smith Law Library and the former OBS-SIS Chair who spear-headed the Website of the Month project, suggested this month’s first site: The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. According to the homepage, “In 1953, the Abraham Lincoln Association published The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, a multi-volume set of Lincoln’s correspondence, speeches, and other writings. Roy P. Basler and his editorial staff, with the continued support of the association, spent five years transcribing and annotating Lincoln’s papers. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln represented the first major scholarly effort to collect and publish the complete writings of Abraham Lincoln, and the edition has remained an invaluable resource to Lincoln scholars. Through the efforts of the Abraham Lincoln Association, the edition is now available in electronic form.” The site allows visitors to preform simple, boolean and proximity searches, as well as browse titles, browse through lists of all unique words in the text, and review the symbols used to describe sources as cited at the beginning of the first footnote to each item.
THE AVALON PROJECT AT YALE LAW SCHOOL: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS.
Appropriately, this site provides the electronic text of the Federalist Papers, a collection of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.
U. S. COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS
This site features the work of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (USCCR). Based in Washington, D.C., the USCCR is an independent, bipartisan, fact-finding agency of the Executive Branch that examines and endeavors to resolve discrimination issues related to race, ethnicity, religion and, more recently, sexual orientation.. This site includes the full-text of commission reports, some state advisory commission reports, and other publications.
HISTORICAL PUBLICATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS
This project is a partnership of the United States Government Printing Office, the United States Commission on Civil Rights and the Thurgood Marshall Law Library. The documents on this site are searchable by title, date, subject, and SUDOC number.
CRIN: CHILD RIGHTS INFORMATION NETWORK
CRIN: Child Rights Information Network is a global network coordinating and promoting information and action on child rights. Almost 2,000 member organisations and tens of thousands more activists from across the world rely on CRIN for research and information. CRIN presses for rights, not charity, for children and is guided by a passion for putting children’s rights at the top of the global agenda by addressing root causes and promoting systematic change. Its guiding framework is the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). CRIN’s activities are based on the belief that information is a powerful tool for realising children’s rights. CRIN distributes news, events and reports, lobbies, enables advocacy and promotes knowledge sharing and coordination. CRIN participates in international child rights coalitions and advocacy groups, supports campaigns and makes the UN and regional mechanisms more accessible to those lobbying for social change. “–About CRIN
ChildStats.gov: the official Web site of the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics offers easy access to federal and state statistics and reports on children and their families, including: population and family characteristics, economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education. Childstats.gov is a project of the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.
Childwelfare.com is an index to Internet resources on child abuse and child welfare.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE FUND (CDF)
The Children’s Defense Fund (CDF) is a nonprofit organization providing a voice for children in America, particularly minority, poor, and disabled children. The CDF’s goal is to educate the nation about children’s needs. The website includes news items, reports, and information on current issues related to children, as well as information on CDF publications, conferences, and products.
ELECTION LAW @ MORITZ : INFORMATION AND INSIGHT ON THE LAWS GOVERNING FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL ELECTIONS
According to the site’s “About Us” page, “Election Law @ Moritz is a web publication that covers developments in the law of election administration– laws dealing with voter registration, voter ID, early and absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll workers and polling place procedures, recounts and election contests, and other related issues. Our primary target audience includes lawyers and legal scholars who focus on these issues, as well as journalists in the elections field.”
LEGACY TOBACCO DOCUMENTS LIBRARY
In honor of the Great American Smokeout on November 20, this month’s other featured site is Legacy tobacco documents library. This site offers searching, viewing, and downloading of over 8 million documents which relate to scientific research, manufacturing, marketing, litigation and legislation, and advertising and sales of cigarettes, among other topics. These documents generally date from the 1950’s to recent years. The Legacy tobacco documents library is part of the Tobacco control archives, which was a previous Website of the Month selection.
LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASES
This site is a collaboration between Street Law and The Supreme Court Historical Society, and was developed to provide teachers with a full range of resources and activities to support the teaching of landmark Supreme Court cases. While these activities are online, many of them can be adapted for use in a one-computer classroom or a classroom with no computer. The general teaching strategies include moot court, political cartoon analysis, continuum exercises, and Web site evaluation.
THE COMPLETE LAWYER : HOW LAWYERS SUCCEED
According to the home page, this website is devoted to “[t]ools and insights on the professional development, and quality of life, and career issues that impact every lawyer’s success and satisfaction.” On September 25, 2007 the home page explained that “The Complete Lawyer is sponsored by bar associations across the country. It is sent out every sixty days to thousands of lawyers via email and is posted continuously on the web … [It] focuses solely on the personal and professional development of lawyers.”
A DIGEST OF CIVIL LAWS NOW IN FORCE IN THE TERRITORY OF ORLEANS : WITH ALTERATIONS AND AMENDMENTS ADAPTED TO ITS PRESENT SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT
This site is a joint project of the Center of Civil Law Studies (CCLS), Information Technology and the Law Library of the Paul M. Hebert Law Center, in partnership with the Center for French and Francophone Studies, and the Department of French Studies at Louisiana State University. According to the website, “The Digest of the Civil Laws now in Force in the Territory of Orleans was enacted on March 31, 1808. It is now made accessible online, on occasion of the Bicentennial of what is often described as the first Louisiana civil code. The original French and the English translation can be viewed separately or together on the same screen. The typing of both versions was extracted from the first edition of 1808, printed by Bradford & Anderson, in the city of New Orleans. With the exception of obvious typos, the Digest Online strictly follows the original wording and orthography.”
PEACE PALACE LIBRARY : HOME OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
The Library of the Peace Palace has one of the world’s largest collections in the field of international law, public and private law, and foreign national law, as well as an extensive collection on international political and diplomatic history and the history of peace movements.
GLOBAL CORRUPTION REPORT
These annual reports each have a thematic title, and are issued in English, French, German, and Spanish editions.
CGS – POLICYARCHIVE
This site is a project of the Center for Governmental Studies and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis University Library. According to the site’s Press Room page, “PolicyArchive is an innovative, new digital archive of global, non-partisan public policy research. It houses summaries and full texts of public policy research from various think tanks, universities, government agencies, and foundations. It allows research users, policy makers, the media, and the public to quickly access the depth and breadth of research in numerous subject matters. Ultimately, PolicyArchive will indefinitely preserve the life of public policy research, substantially increase its impact, and provide society at large with long-term access to the benefits of that important research.”
FACTCHECK.ORG : ANNENBERG POLITICAL FACT CHECK
This site is a nonpartisan, nonprofit, “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. The site monitors the factual accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in the form of TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews, and news releases. Its goal is to apply the best practices of both journalism and scholarship, and to increase public knowledge and understanding.
OPENSECRETS.ORG : THE WEB SITE OF THE CENTER FOR RESPONSIVE POLITICS
“The Center for Responsive Politics describes itself as ‘a non-partisan, non-profit research group based in Washington, D.C. that tracks money in politics, and its effect on elections and public policy.’ Opensecrets.org, the Center’s Web site, provides information from the Federal Election Commission about campaign contributions to Congress, to the political parties and the presidential campaigns. The site may be navigated by tabs at the top of the web page, by search engines within the site, or by links to current issues. Everything is documented with citations and methodology. The mission statement, contact information, and funding sources are clearly noted. Opensecrets.org is a goldmine of data on contributions in politics, helpful both for students writing papers and for avid followers of politics”–“Best Free Reference Web Sites 2002,” RUSA Quarterly, Fall 2002; reviewed Feb. 19, 2002
JUSTIA REGULATION TRACKER
This site provides free access to Federal rules, proposed rules, notices, administrative orders, executive orders, and proclamations. Users may search by department or agency, include keywords, and limit by document type or date; or browse by agency or date. Coverage begins January 1, 2005
THE STATUTE LAW DATABASE
This site is the official revised edition of the primary legislation of the United Kingdom made available online. Users can view amended legislation as it has changed over time, see how legislation will be affected by amendments not yet in force, see how legislation has been amended for different jurisdictions, navigate links between affecting and affected legislation, and search the text of legislation for words and phrases.
CANLII : CANADIAN LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE
This site provides access to primary sources of Canadian Law accessible for free on the Internet. The site includes legislative and judicial texts, as well as legal commentaries, from federal, provincial, and territorial jurisdictions, and the information is available in both French and English.
THE SPECIAL COURT FOR SIERRA LEONE
According to the homepage, “The Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up jointly by the Government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations. It is mandated to try those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996.” The website provides information about the Court, information related to its cases, basic documents of the Court, and practice directions and directives of the Court.
THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea entered into force on 16 November 1994. A subsequent Agreement relating to the implementation of Part XI of the Convention entered into force on 28 July 1996. The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the Convention to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention. The Tribunal is composed of 21 elected independent members. This site provides general information, proceedings and judgments, documents and publications, news, and question and answer sections in both English and French.
INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY
This site contains information on the administrative bodies of the International Seabed Authority, including the Assembly, Council, Legal and Technical Commission, Finance Committee and the Secretariat. This site also includes a list of documents issued by the Authority at each of its sessions, and the full text of selected documents, and the information is available in English, French, or Spanish.
This site provides fuel economy estimates, energy and environmental impact ratings, fuel-saving tips, and other related information. It is maintained jointly by the U.S. Department of Energys Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
OANDA.COM : THE CURRENCY SITE
This site provides currency conversion information and other services for travelers and businesses.