Legal Website of the Month Archive
PUBLIC RECORD AUTHORITY
BRB Publications, is the nation’s premier publisher of reference sources and websites used for public records. BRB Publications is a past recipient of the Publisher of the Year award from Quality Books and is a past winner of a Product Achievement Award from the Information Industry Association. BRB’s data goes well beyond a Google Search. The metadata provided by BRB includes in-depth descriptions of record access policies and procedures, access methods, restrictions, fees, turn around times, identifiers shown on records and other needed tips and information used for public record searching.
Federal Courts Web Archive
The Federal Courts Web Archive provides unique resources for scholars and others conducting retrospective research into the work of the federal judiciary.These sites contain a wide variety of resources prepared by federal courts, such as: slip opinions, transcripts, dockets, court rules, calendars, announcements, judicial biographies, statistics, educational resources, and reference materials. The materials available on the federal court websites were created to support a diverse array of users and needs, including attorneys and their clients, pro se litigants seeking to represent themselves, jurors, visitors to the court, and community outreach programs.
The First Amendment Encyclopedia
Middle Tennessee State University has launched a searchable website with more than thousands of essays and articles about court decisions and doctrines; people, law and events; and general issues and organizations significant in the First Amendment’s history in the United States.
James K. Polk Papers
The papers of James K. Polk (1795-1849), governor of Tennessee, representative from Tennessee, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and eleventh president of the United States, contain approximately 20,500 items dating from 1775 to 1891, with the bulk falling in the period 1830-1849. The collection includes correspondence, presidential letterbooks, diaries, speeches and messages, account and memorandum books, family papers, financial and legal records, printed matter, portraits, and other papers relating chiefly to Polk’s political career in Tennessee and on the national level.
The Library of Congress acquired approximately 10,000 items from Mrs. Fall in 1903. The Chicago Historical Society transferred additional correspondence and the bulk of Polk’s diaries to the Library of Congress in 1910. Sadie Fall Gardner Grant (Mrs. Rollin P. Grant), a daughter of Sarah Polk’s niece, augmented the Polk papers with a significant donation of materials in 1927. Between the years 1954 and 1973, the Library of Congress produced a microfilm edition of the materials in series 1-9 and 11, with a related index published in 1969. In the years since, scattered extant original documents have been added to the collection.
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB)
The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) protects the public by enforcing the provisions of the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (FAA Act) to ensure that only qualified persons engage in the alcohol beverage industry. TTB is responsible for enforcing the laws regulating alcohol production, importation, and wholesale businesses; tobacco manufacturing and importing businesses; and alcohol labeling and advertising.
CISG Advisory Council
The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) Council Advisory has three main functions: to promote understanding and uniform interpretation of the CISG by publishing opinions on issues of interpretation, to promote the CISG generally, and to encourage and assist with the adoption and implementation of the CISG in jurisdictions that have not ratified it. The Advisory Council’s principal role is promoting uniform interpretation of the CISG.
The LawArXiv repository was developed jointly by the Legal Information Preservation Alliance, the Mid-American Law Library Consortium, NELLCO, and the Cornell Law Library, with the Center for Open Science (COS) providing the technological infrastructure via its Open Source Framework. The COS platform also serves as a preprint service, allowing organizations to control their branding, licensing requirements and taxonomy. LawArXiv will accept preprints and post prints where the author has the copyright on their work.
Brexit is a commonly used term for the United Kingdom’s planned withdrawal from the European Union. Brexit is an abbreviation for “British exit,” referring to the 2016 referendum vote to leave the UK by April 2019. Issues in the United Kingdom European membership referendum, 2016 are the economic, human and political issues that were discussed during the campaign about the withdrawal of the UK from the EU. The leave campaign argues that a reduction in red tape associated with EU regulations would create more jobs and that small to medium sized companies who trade domestically would be the biggest beneficiaries. In just 264 words in five paragraphs, article 50 of the Lisbon treaty sets out how an EU member can voluntarily leave the European Union. It specifies that a leaver should notify the European council of its intention, negotiate a deal on its withdrawal and establish legal grounds for a future relationship with the EU.
United Nations Treaty Collection
The United Nations Treaty Series (UNTS) is the result of article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations, which states as below. A treaty series includes status and full text of all multilateral treaties deposited with the United Nations. The UNTS is by far the largest collection f treaties, running some 2800 volumes containing 158,00 treaties from 1946. Its predecessor was the League of Nations Treaty Series (LNTS). Charter of the United Nations:
1. Every treaty and every international agreement entered into by any Member of the United Nations after the present Charter comes into force shall as soon as possible be registered with the Secretariat and published by it.
2. No party to any such treaty or international agreement which has not been registered in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article may invoke that treaty or agreement before any organ of the United Nations.
NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a federal-government research institute in the U.S. whose mission is to “lead the Nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction.” The mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is to advance science on the causes and consequences of drug use and addiction and to apply that knowledge to improve individual and public health. In this regard, NIDA addresses the most fundamental and essential questions about drug abuse — from detecting and responding to emerging drug abuse trends and understanding how drugs work in the brain and body, to developing and testing new approaches to treatment and prevention. The institute has conducted an in-depth study of addiction according to its biological, behavioral and social components. It has also supported many treatments such as nicotine patches and gums, and performed research into AIDS and other drug-related diseases.
AMERICAN IMMIGRATION LAWYERS ASSOCIATION
The American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) is the national association of immigration lawyers and law professors who practice and teach immigration law. Established in 1946, AILA is a nonpartisan, not-for-profit organization that provides continuing legal education, information, professional services, and expertise to advance the quality of immigration and nationality law and practice, and enhance the professional development of its members. There is a full text resource guide examining the issues around immigration law reform. The site also includes a searchable directory of immigration lawyers and a page of related web links. Parts of the site are restricted to members only.
A website of the Disability.gov provides access to the federal government comprehensive information on disability-related programs, services, policies, laws and regulations. There are links to thousands of resources from many different federal government agencies, as well as state and local governments and nonprofit organizations across the country. Ten main subject areas: Benefits, Civil Rights, Community Life, Education, Emergency Preparedness, Employment, Health, Housing, Technology and Transportation are updated daily. Disability.gov is also an information and referral website to direct you to another website pertaining to your research topic. You can learn more about how to find, connect, and share on the site’s fact sheet which is available in the Newsroom.
NELLCO LEGAL SCHOLARSHIP REPOSITORY
NELLCO’s legal scholarship repository brings Institutional Repositories (IRs) together all of a University’s research under one umbrella and is a service of the NELLCO libraries. Presentations, senior theses, and other works not published elsewhere can be also published in the NELLCO IR. The website is a vehicle for working papers or copies of published articles and conference papers. Research and scholarly output included in this website has been selected and deposited by the individual university departments and centers on campus
FLOYD J. MATTICE : TOKYO WAR CRIMES TRIAL SCRAPBOOK
A digitized archival collection of personal and professional papers documenting Floyd Mattice’s time in Japan as the defense attorney for two of the accused Japanese war criminals. It is believed that the collection has been compiled by the secretary of Floyd Mattice. It eventually became the property of Mattice’s granddaughter Linda M. Prall of Bloomington, Indiana. Ms. Prall presented the scrapbook to the Jerome Hall Law Library in July, 2015. Included collections are official orders; memorandums; newspaper clippings; photographs; souvenirs; maps; telegraphs; typed manuscripts; a three page handwritten Japanese character manuscript; and handwritten personal letters to Mattice.
LawCite is a free citation service for case law, giving reported and unreported citations and provides links to cases available in full on the world’s Legal Information Institutes. LawCite is useful in the context of a particular legal decision or law journal article. It will help you to locate and find a copy of a decision by citation, party names, jurisdiction, court, year or any combination of these. The system includes a relatively complete set of parallel citations and allows for things like alternative spelling of party names. It will also help you to see how a decision has been subsequently treated. The current emphasis is on common law countries, but this is being gradually extended to include civil law jurisdictions.
COMMONWEALTH LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE
The main purpose of CommonLII is to provide a comparative law facility by which the laws of all common law countries can be searched and compared. In relation to case law, CommonLII assists in making the ideal of an international common law a reality, by providing the case law collection with the broadest geographical scope, and the only free access international citator (LawCite). As to legislation, CommonLII makes it easier to compare legislative developments in the same subject-areas across Commonwealth countries, and can assist in the process of law reform, as well as increasing the transparency of each country’s legal system. CommonLII also makes it easier to find commentaries on the law from Commonwealth and common law countries, including law reform reports and some law journals.
THE FEDERAL RESERVE ARCHIVAL SYSTEM FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (FRASER)
The Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research (FRASER) started in 2004 as a data preservation and accessibility project of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. FRASER’s mission is to safeguard and provide easy access to economic history—particularly the history of the Federal Reserve System. FRASER consists of an open archive of economic statistical publications and data within an automated system to retrieve both images and data. There are two kinds of documents on FRASER: 1) data publications from U.S. government agencies such as the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau, and others more specialized, like the Board of Governor’s Statistical Releases; and, 2) historical publications such as archival material from economic policymakers, and special collections: source materials from Allan Meltzer’s A History of the Federal Reserve.
HUMAN RIGHTS CHAMBER FOR BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
The Human Rights Chamber is a judicial body established under Annex 6 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Dayton Peace Agreement) The Chamber has the order to consider alleged or apparent violations of human rights as provided in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Particular priority is given to allegations of especially severe or systematic violations, as well as those founded on alleged discrimination on prohibited grounds. The Chamber is composed of 14 members. Four members were appointed by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and two by the Republika Srpska . The remaining eight members are internationals and were appointed by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. The members appointed are all distinguished lawyers and bring to the Chamber a wide variety of experience in different backgrounds including the judiciary, the academic sphere, private legal practice, administration and politics, and international, criminal and human rights law.
WYTHEPEDIA : THE GEORGE WYTHE ENCYCLOPEDIA
George Wythe is preeminent in the list of Virginia’s revolutionary founding fathers, and his life and careers as a teacher and judge gave him the opportunity to have a profound impact on the history of the Commonwealth and the United States. George Wythe is a signatory of the Declaration of Independence and the first law professor in America, and chancery court judge. Wythe was born in Elizabeth City County, Virginia and spent the majority of his life in the Commonwealth, only traveling outside it to attend the Second Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
Official website of the Court of Justice of the European Union and its constituent courts. The site provides access to information about the Court of Justice, the General Court (formerly the Court of First Instance of the European Communities), and the Civil Service Tribunal. It includes the full text of judgments, orders, opinions and notices, and allows searching of cases from the courts. The specific mission of CJEU is to ensure that the law is observed in the interpretation and application of the Treaties of the European Union by 1) reviewing the legality of actions taken by the EU’s institutions; 2) enforcing compliance by member states with their obligations under the Treaties, and 3) interpreting European Union law.
LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE
The LII is known internationally as a leading “law-not-com” provider of public legal information and offers all opinions of the United States Supreme Court handed down since 1992, together with over 600 earlier decisions selected for their historic importance, over a decade of opinions of the New York Court of Appeals, and the full United States Code. The LII also publishes important secondary sources: libraries in two important areas (legal ethics and social security) and a series of “topical” pages that serve as concise explanatory guides and Internet resource listings for roughly 100 areas of law. The LII of world legal materials gathers the Internet-accessible sources of the constitutions, statutes, judicial opinions, and it also holds resources and document collections of International law. Search engines and ranking systems identify the LII as the most linked-to web resource in the field of law.
FLARE INDEX TO TREATIES
The FLARE Index to Treaties (FIT) was launched in March 2009 on the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies web server. The Index has established itself as a valuable finding tool for the international lawyer. It is a fully searchable database indexing and listing over 2,000 of the most significant multilateral treaties concluded from 1353 onwards and a number of significant bilateral treaties signed between1353 and 1815. The Index was based on two groups of material:
- Just over 1,000 or so entries relating to significant multilateral treaties concluded between 1856 and 1994 contained in the print publication: Multilateral Treaties: index and current status,compiled and annotated within the University of Nottingham Treaty Center by M.J. Bowman and D.J. Harris (London: Butterworths, 1984, tenth supplement, 1994) – hereafter referred to as Bowman & Harris.
- About 500 treaties either concluded after the final edition of Bowman & Harris was published or which were only footnoted in the publication.
INDIGENOUS LAW PORTAL
Our highly regarded colleague, Dr. Jolande E. Goldberg, and her cohorts at the Library of Congress have successfully mapped constitutions,legal materials, and legislative documents of American Indians as well as Native Hawaiians on the Indigenous Law Portal website. This rich portal website provides a wide array of descriptions of indigenous peoples of the Americas and connects their cultures, history, and lives to the indigenous law classification. The portal would also serve as an extensive study-aid for tribal studies of Americans. We owe Dr. Jolande E.Goldberg, staff at the Library of Congress, and related constituencies a debt of gratitude for their hard work and collaboration to make this great portal website available.
UNITED STATES COURTS
Provides access to the federal rules and forms in effect, information on the rulemaking process, including proposed and pending rules amendments, and historical and archival records. The annual report of the Director addresses the workload of all federal courts, the federal probation and pretrial services system. Federal court management statistics give profiles for regional courts of appeals and district courts. In the video series, Pathways to the Bench, individual judges talk about the personal, character-building challenges in their lives that prepared them to serve on the bench. Each judge has a motivational message for others.
THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
“The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the nation’s record keeper. Of all documents and materials created in the course of business conducted by the United States Federal government.” –from the Web site.
HUMAN RIGHTS CAMPAIGN : WORKING FOR LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL AND TRANSGENDER EQUAL RIGHTS
The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) represents a force of more than 1.5 million members and commits to making HRC’s vision a reality. HRC envisions a world where lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people are ensured equality and embraced as full members of society at home, at work and in every community. The Campaign promotes public education and welfare for the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community and strives to end discrimination against LGBT people and to install fairness and equality for all.
INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS (WEBSITE)
The IACHR is a principal and autonomous organ of the Organization of American States (“OAS”) whose mission is to promote and protect human rights in the American hemisphere. It is composed of seven independent members who serve in a personal capacity. The website offers information about the Commission and its activities. Provides free online access to its annual report, reports on the situation of human rights in individual countries, and other special reports.
DEATH PENALTY WORLDWIDE
Death Penalty Worldwide aims to bridge critical gaps in research and advocacy around the death penalty. The database on this Website provides information on the laws and practices related to the application of the death penalty for every country in the world that retains capital punishment and is designed to meet the needs of judges, policymakers, scholars, lawyers, journalists, and human rights advocates for comprehensive information of the death penalty. Also, it engages in targeted advocacy focusing on protecting the rights of those who come into conflict with the law, including juveniles, women, and individuals with intellectual disabilities and mental illnesses. Death Penalty Worldwide (DPW) was founded in April 2011 by Professor Sandra Babcock, Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the International Human Rights Clinic at Cornell University Law School, in partnership with the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty..
Supplement to the book entitled “The Wrong Carlos.” This website provides extensive primary sources and videotaped witness interviews for the murder of a convenience store clerk named Wanda Vargas Lo´pez. It uncovers the controversial death penalty justice in Texas and is the case of Carlos DeLuna, who was executed in 1989.
The Library of Congress U.S. Copyright Office is an office of public record for copyright registration and deposit of copyright materials. Copyright.gov is an official free public access website of the Library of Congress U.S. Copyright Office to provide thorough copyright information and its law. This website also includes the complete text of the Copyright Office’s Circulars, Brochures, and Factsheets.
NATIONAL DRUG COURT RESOURCE CENTER
The National Drug Court Resource Center is a virtual library of publications, factsheets, information on other drug courts, and sample forms. NDCRC includes information for both state and tribal drug court programs, as well as other restorative justice courts. NDCRC is hosted by the National Drug Court Institute, a professional services branch of the National Association of Drug Court Professionals.
NATIONAL INVENTORY OF THE COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF CONVICTION
Persons convicted of crime are subject to a wide variety of legal and regulatory sanctions and restrictions in addition to the sentence imposed by the court. These so-called “collateral consequences” of conviction have been promulgated with little coordination in disparate sections of state and federal codes, which makes it difficult for anyone to identify all of the penalties and disabilities that are triggered by conviction of a particular offense. Through the National Inventory, each jurisdiction’s collateral consequences will be made accessible to the public through a website that can be searched and sorted by categories and keywords.”–from the Web site.
INDIAN AFFAIRS, LAWS AND TREATIES
Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler, is an historically significant, seven volume compilation of U.S. treaties, laws and executive orders pertaining to Native American Indian tribes. The volumes cover U.S. Government treaties with Native Americans from 1778-1883 (Volume II) and U.S. laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970 (Volumes I, III-VII). The work was first published in 1903-04 by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Enhanced by the editors’ use of margin notations and a comprehensive index, the information contained in Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties is in high demand by Native peoples, researchers, journalists, attorneys, legislators, teachers and others of both Native and non-Native origins.
THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS PROJECT
Searchable database which provides free public access to Inter-American Court decisions by case name, country, and topic. Included are a detailed case summary, case facts, procedural history, merits, and states compliance with the Inter-American Court’s judgment. The project produced by the editors and staff of the IACHR Project under the supervision of Professor Cesare Romano, allows users to search Inter-American Court decisions by case name, country, and topic. Advanced search features include the ability to search by specific violation of various Inter-American Conventions. When available, the database includes a link to a detailed case summary which includes case facts, procedural history, merits, and state compliance with the Inter-American Court’s judgment. To date, 74 detailed case summaries are available.
GUIDE TO FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL LEGAL DATABASES
This guide is developed by the New York University Law Library and organizes database links under a number of broad categories. Included are databases for the European Union, the Council of Europe, environmental law, international criminal law, intellectual property, and human rights etc.
WORLD LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE (WORLDLII)
The World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII) is a collaborative legal information system, providing a key free source of primary legal materials (legislation and case law) for a comprehensive range of countries and jurisdictions worldwide. WorldLII has been developed by the Australasian Legal Information Institute and a number of partner institutions. The service combines access to all materials held in the AustLII, AsianLII, BAILII, CanLII, CommonLII, CyLaw, NZLII, PacLII, SAFLII and HKLII resource systems. The Global Legal Information Network (GLIN) of the United States Law Library of Congress is also searchable on this site. A database index enables users to browse information by country or region (Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe, North America, Pacific islands) or by form of legal literature (legislation, case law, treaties, law reform, law journals and other materials). A sophisticated site search supported by online search tips and user guides is available. The World law Internet resource catalog gives links to non-WorldLII sources on the web. Other projects include a searchable database of decisions of all international and multi national courts and tribunals and a database containing all the academic law journals available via WorldLII.
ONLINE ETHICS CENTER FOR ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE
Based at the National Academy for Engineering, the Online Ethics Center aims to provide resources for understanding and addressing ethically significant problems that arise in science and engineering work, and to serve those who are promoting learning and advancing the understanding of responsible research and practice in science and engineering. The center is also intended to serve teachers of engineering and science students who want to include discussion of ethical problems closely related to technical subjects as part of science and engineering courses, or in free-standing subjects in professional and research ethics for students. The center’s website provides a wide range of materials including teaching and research ethics, safety and the environment, professional practice, computers and new technology, and a glossary.
Over the years, the U.S. Department of Justice’s (DOJ) library staff has created a prodigious number of legislative histories that encompass a range of legal issues. Originally, these paper volumes were available only to DOJ employees through the Department’s Main Library Collection. Now, these items are freely available for anyone with a penchant for such matters. These exhaustive reports cover two dozen well-known public laws, including the Captive Wildlife Safety Act, the Anti Car Theft Act of 1992, and the Dent Act of 1919. Visitors can scan through each history at their leisure and they can search each document as well.
APPEALS TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL FROM THE AMERICAN COLONIES : AN ANNOTATED DIGITAL CATALOGUE
In the century before the creation of the Supreme Court of the United States, the British Privy Council heard appeals from the 13 colonies that became the United States and from the other ‘American’ colonies in Canada and the Caribbean. This catalogue focuses on all currently known colonial cases appealed to the Privy Council from the future United States, a number totaling nearly one-third of the more than 800 heard from the Americas. For the appeals from the 13 colonies, the catalogue provides links to original documents in England and the United States. Most significantly, the site includes images of surviving briefs filed in 54 of these appeals. Known as ‘printed cases’, these briefs provide the ‘reasons’ for the appeals.
LINCOLN AND THE LAW
Lincoln’s effort to restore the Union and his contributions to American political thought and its ideals of freedom. Lincoln himself admitted his ambition lay in politics and not in the law, stating “my forte is as a Statesman, rather than a Prosecutor.” Even if the law was Lincoln’s “secondary” avocation, it was indelibly linked to him in life and death. The Law Library of Congress’s historical collection vividly illustrates three periods in which the law played a prominent part of the Lincoln era: first, works specifically on his work as a prominent Illinois lawyer; second, contemporary literature on Lincoln’s controversial balancing of civil liberties against the demands of war aims; third, period transcripts and reports of the trial of the surviving conspirators in the murder of the President and attempted murder of other public officials.
The piracy trials digital library provides access to 57 works pertaining to piracy dated from 1696 through 1905 in PDF format. Included in the collection are several dramatic declarations and confessions of pirates sentenced to death. These publications are helpful for studying piracy, international law, criminal law, and journalism, as well as the law of the American colonies, the United States, Scotland, England, Jamaica, Brazil, Portugal, Germany, and France.
AMERICAN INDIAN CONSTITUTIONS AND LEGAL MATERIALS
The Law Library of Congress holds most of the laws and constitutions from the early nineteenth century produced by the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole who were forced to leave the Southeast for the Indian Territory after passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830. Some of these documents are in the vernacular languages of the tribes. The recognition of Indian nations or tribes by the federal government formally began with the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act. Today, there are some 566 federally recognized sovereign Indian nations and tribes operating under constitutions and charters within the U.S. federal and state structure. The constitutional organization of tribal entities is expressed in the corporate component such as Community, Association, or Community Association, Native Village, Traditional Council, Village of Council, or Corporation added to the name of the tribe.
GENDER JURISPRUDENCE AND INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW PROJECT
The Gender Jurisprudence Collections (GJC) is a powerful database containing judgments, decisions, orders, and other relevant documents issued by international/ized criminal courts and tribunals that have been coded and made readily searchable for issues relating to sexual and gender-based violence.
Customary international humanitarian law (IHL) is important in today’s armed conflicts because it fills gaps left by treaty law in both international and non-international conflicts and so strengthens the protection offered to victims. Mandated by the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in 1995. This study identified 161 rules of customary IHL and compiled relevant national and international practice. In 2007, the ICRC teamed up with the British Red Cross to update the practice section of the customary IHL study. Since its inception in 2010, the number of users of the customary IHL database has grown markedly. The collection of practice on the database is an invaluable resource to academics, military advisors and other specialists involved in the practical application of IHL and for any further review of state practice to assess developments in customary IHL.
SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE MILITARY : UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEM AND HOW TO FIX IT
The military justice system is similar to but distinctly different from its civilian cousin, and it revolves around the concept of enforcing good order and discipline in the armed forces. Arbitrarily taking commanders out of the business of enforcing good order and discipline within their ranks is not the solution to bettering the military’s criminal justice system. Rather, the prudent way to improve the military justice system is to build upon the current system, adopt those policies that enhance the delivery of services to victims and defendants alike, and develop career litigation tracks for military prosecutors and defense counsel.
LAWS OF SOUTH AFRICA
This database includes all updated South African acts with their rules and regulations (1970- ) as well as all the significant principal acts, rules and regulations from 1910 to the present. The Oliver R Tambo Law Library, University of Pretoria, South Africa, in partnership with SAFLII (South African Legal Information Institute) and the South African Constitutional Court Trust, have undertaken a project to consolidate the South African legislation (the Acts from Parliament) and to supply this information free to the public. At this stage the website is a work in progress and does not yet contain all the Acts.
Constitute offers access to the world’s constitutions that users can systematically compare them across a broad set of topics – using a modern, clean interface. New constitutions are written every year. The people who write these important documents need to read and analyze texts from other places. Constitute includes the constitution that was in force for nearly every independent state in the world.
LEGAL TOOLS DATABASE
ICC Legal Tools Database serves as an electronic library on international criminal law and justice. It is a work in progress database, and new documents have been publicly available through this web site. They are ICC Documents, ICC ‘Preparatory Works’ and Rome Statute Amendments, International Legal Instruments, International(ised) Criminal Jurisdictions, National Jurisdictions, National Cases Involving Core International Crimes, Internet Legal Resources, Human Rights Decisions, United Nations War Crimes Commission and more. You will find more detailed information on the database at
. The search engine on this website is being continuously developed. Feedback on how it can be improved is welcome and should be directed to
FOIAonline is a FOIA tracking and processing tool for the following Agencies and Offices: Department of Commerce (except the US Patent and Trademark Office), Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Labor Relations Authority, Merit Systems Protection Board, National Archives and Records Administration Office of General Counsel. As of December 10, 2012, the Department of the Treasury implemented FOIAonline in a limited capacity. FOIAonline allows users to: request information under FOIA from participating agencies, track the status of your requests, file appeals (registered users only), and search for other people’s requests, appeals and responsive records.
GENDER JURISPRUDENCE AND INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW PROJECT
The Gender Jurisprudence and International Criminal Law Project is a collaborative project between the War Crimes Research Office (WCRO) and the Women and International Law Program (WILP) at the American University Washington College of Law. The goal of the project is to raise awareness of and facilitate discourse about gender-based crimes committed during times of conflict, mass violence, or repression, and the prosecution of these crimes under international law.
WOMEN’S LEGAL HISTORY
The Women’s Legal History website is the home of a searchable database of articles and papers on pioneering women lawyers in the United States. In collaboration with Professor Babcock and her students, the Robert Crown Library Staff have created this website as a resource for all who are interested in the subject of women lawyers in the United States. The main tool is the study of individual lives and of the movements and philosophies that inspired and sustained them. Thanks to Ismael Gullon who suggested this site!
ECOLEX is an information service on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP. Its purpose is to build capacity worldwide by providing the most comprehensive possible global source of information on environmental law. This resource, which combines the environmental law information holdings of FAO, IUCN and UNEP, seeks to put this information at the disposal of users world-wide, in an easily accessible service, employing modern technology. The ECOLEX database includes information on treaties, international soft-law and other non-binding policy and technical guidance documents, national legislation, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature. Users have direct access to the abstracts and indexing information about each document, as well as to the full text of most of the information provided.
CENTER ON BUDGET AND POLICY PRIORITIES
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is a nonpartisan research organization and policy institute that conducts research and analysis on a range of government policies and programs, with an emphasis on those affecting low and moderate income people. The Center conducts research to help shape public debates over proposed budget and tax policies and to help ensure that policymakers consider the needs of low-income families and individuals in these debates. In addition, the Center examines the short- and long-term impacts of proposed policies on the health of the economy and the soundness of federal and state budgets.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ETHICS PROGRAMS: A RESOURCE FOR ETHICS COMMISSION MEMBERS, ETHICS REFORMERS, LOCAL OFFICIALS, ATTORNEYS, JOURNALISTS, AND STUDENTS
As stated on its website, this book is intended as an introduction to local government ethics for those who want to have a grasp on the various issues involved in government ethics; as a resource for those faced with a specific situation, who want to understand the legal and ethical issues involved, as well as the alternative ways of dealing with the situation; as a guidebook for those involved in government ethics reform; and as a text for students of public administration as well as supplementary reading for local public administrators.
AFGHANISTAN DOCUMENTATION PROJECT
The Afghanistan Documentation Project is the product of a partnership between the War Crimes Research Office and the Pence Law Library of the American University Washington College of Law and the U.S. Institute of Peace. It was established to collect and create a fully searchable and publicly accessible database of documents regarding human rights and humanitarian law violations committed in Afghanistan since 1978.
LEGAL ISSUES IN MASS DIGITIZATION: PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION DOCUMENT
The Library of Congress Copyright Office published a preliminary analysis and discussion document that addresses the issues raised by the intersection between copyright law and the mass digitization of books. The purpose of the analysis is to facilitate further discussions among the affected parties and the public discussions that may encompass a number of possible approaches, including voluntary initiatives, legislative options, or both. The document also identifies questions to consider in determining an appropriate policy for the mass digitization of books.
HOMELAND SECURITY DIGITAL LIBRARY
The Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL) is a collection of documents related to homeland security policy, strategy, and organizational management. It is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s National Preparedness Directorate, FEMA and the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security. The documents are collected from a wide variety of sources, including federal, state, tribal, and local government agencies, professional organizations, think tanks, academic institutions, and international governing bodies. Please note that access to some content is restricted to Federal depository libraries and other users with valid user accounts.
CIVIL WAR WASHINGTON
Civil War Washington examines the U.S. national capital from multiple perspectives as a case study of social, political, cultural, and medical/scientific transitions provoked or accelerated by the Civil War. The project draws on the methods of many fields–literary studies, history, geography, computer-aided mapping–to create a digital resource that chronicles the war’s impact on the city.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY RESEARCH: A BASIC GUIDE
The first report is published by the Congressional Research Service. It provides an overview of federal legislative history research, the legislative process, and where to find congressional documents. The report also summarizes some of the reasons researchers are interested in legislative histories, briefly describes the actions a piece of legislation might undergo during the legislative process, and provides a list of easily accessible print and electronic resources.
PRINT MANAGEMENT AT “MEGA-SCALE”: A REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON PRINT BOOK COLLECTIONS IN NORTH AMERICA
The second report is published by OCLC Research. Using a mega-regions (“geographical regions defined on the basis of economic integration and other forms of interdependence”) framework to model regional consolidation of shared print book library collections, this report explores a counterfactual scenario where local US and Canadian print book library collections are consolidated into regional shared collections. The analysis in this paper builds upon findings from the OCLC Research report, Cloud-sourcing Research Collections: Managing Print in the Mass-digitized Library Environment (2011), and draws upon bibliographic and library holdings data from the WorldCat database.
THE SUSTAINABLE 21ST CENTURY LAW LIBRARY: VISION, DEPLOYMENT AND ASSESSMENT FOR ACCESS TO JUSTICE
This report is prepared by Richard Zorza, and co-sponsored by the University of Hawaii School of Law and the Access to Justice Commissions from several states. The author points out that law libraries can transform themselves as leaders in providing access to justice to all, and discusses the range of changes that are needed to empower law libraries and their staff to make this transformation.
THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE OLD BAILEY, LONDON 1674 TO 1913
This project is a collaboration between the Universities of Hertfordshire and Sheffield and the Open University. The site contains fully searchable texts detailing accounts of over 197,000 criminal trials held at London’s Central Criminal Court. The crimes tried were mostly felonies (predominantly theft), but also include some of the most serious misdemeanours, providing historical insight into the daily lives of those who participated in the proceedings.
DAVID H. GETCHES COLLECTION, ALSO KNOWN AS THE DAVID H. GETCHES DIGITAL ARCHIVE
The University of Colorado Law Library created this digital collection in memory of the late Colorado Law School Dean David Getches. A renowned scholar in the fields of natural resources, water, and American Indian law, Getches served as Dean and Raphael J. Moses Professor of Natural Resources Law from July, 2003-June, 2011. The David H. Getches Collection at the William A. Wise Law Library is dedicated to preserving and sharing Dean Getches’ tremendous legal and educational legacy, as reflected in his scholarship, academic speeches, congressional testimony, and litigation.
GENRE/FORM TERMS FOR LAW MATERIALS
This is the 2010 update of the two previous editions of Genre Terms for Law Materials. Thanks to Karen Selden at the University of Colorado Law Library who suggested this resource!
CONNECTING TO COLLECTIONS: GUIDE TO ONLINE RESOURCES
Published by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), this website is the online companion to the IMLS “Connecting to Collections Bookshelf”, a core set of books, DVDs, online resources, and an annotated bibliography that is being distributed free to nearly 3,000 collecting institutions. According to the site, “The Guide contains links to the most trusted collections care resources on the Web. Use it to find answers to common conservation and collections management questions.”
GENRE/FORM TERMS FOR LAW MATERIALS
This is the 2010 update of the two previous editions of Genre Terms for Law Materials
IRAQ WAR, 2003 WEB ARCHIVE
Part of the Library of Congress Web Archives, this archive contains selective collection of 231 Web sites, archived beginning on March 13, 2003 related to the Iraq War. Included in the archive are websites from the U.S. and foreign governments, public policy and advocacy groups, educational organizations, religious organizations, support groups for military personnel, anti-war groups, sites that target children, and news sources. The Iraq War Web archive consists of three phases of collection: the first phase, a weekly capture, began on March 13, 2003 with the commencement of the war and ended June 30, 2003. Phase 1 has been processed and is available from this site. Phase 2 is a weekly capture and covers December 2003 to December 2004. Phase 3, also a weekly capture, was begun in January 2005 and is ongoing (archives from these later phases are not yet available).
CHINA GUIDING CASES PROJECT
The China Guiding Cases Project (CGCP) is an initiative of Stanford Law School to advance knowledge and understanding of Chinese law, and to enable judges and legal experts both inside and outside of China to contribute to the evolution of Chinese case law through ongoing dialogue on guiding cases released by the Supreme People’s Court of the People’s Republic of China.
DOING BUSINESS: MEASURING BUSINESS REGULATIONS
Published by the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group, this database provides objective measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 181 economies and selected cities at the subnational and regional level. They indicate the regulatory costs of business and can be used to analyse specific regulations that enhance or constrain investment, productivity and growth. The indicators are developed by the Private Sector Vice Presidency of the World Bank Group in cooperation with the Lex Mundi Association of law firms and the International Bar Association. The principal data collection methods for the indicators are the study of the existing laws and regulations in each economy; targeted interviews with regulators, or, private sector professionals in each topic; and cooperative arrangements with other departments of the World Bank, other donor agencies, private consulting firms, business and law associations.
JOINT COMMITTEE ON TAXATION
This is the official website of the Joint Committee on Taxation, U.S. Congress. The website contains all Committee publications from 1920. It also provides access to the Committee’s rules, history, and membership list. Many thanks to Ms. Victoria Sukhol, Assistant Director for Cataloging at the New York Law School, who suggested and cataloged this website.
WALL STREET AND THE FINANCIAL CRISIS: ANATOMY OF A FINANCIAL COLLAPSE: MAJORITY AND MINORITY STAFF REPORT
Prepared by the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations under the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, this report examines the various factors contributing to the financial crisis, such as high risk lending, regulatory failure, inflated credit ratings, and investment bank abuses. It contains case studies on Washington Mutual Bank, Office of Thrift Supervision, Moody’s and Standards & Poor’s, Goldman Sachs and Deutsche Bank.
UNITED NATIONS LEGAL PUBLICATIONS: GLOBAL SEARCH
The United Nations Global Search engine provides a cross-database search option for researchers interested in easily locating multiple types of UN legal publications pertaining to a particular topic. Publications available for search include: Yearbook of the International Law Commission; UNCITRAL yearbook; United Nations juridical yearbook; UNCITRAL publications; Reports of international arbitral awards; Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs; Summaries of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders of the International Court of Justice; Repertoire of Practice of the Security Council; and Proceedings of Diplomatic Conferences.
THE SEPTEMBER 11 DIGITAL ARCHIVE: SAVING THE HISTORIES OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001
Funded by a major grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and organized by the American Social History Project at the City University of New York Graduate Center and the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University, the Archive contributes to the on-going effort by historians and archivists to record and preserve the record of 9/11 by collecting and archiving first-hand accounts, emails and other electronic communications, digital photographs and artworks, and a range of other digital materials related to the attacks.
GOVERNMENT INFORMATION RESOURCES: ADMINISTRATIVE DECISIONS & OTHER ACTIONS
Created by the University of Virginia Library, this website is an online directory to decisions and other legal actions issued by federal agencies of the United States. The directory can be viewed A-Z by agency or by subject. According to the website, “This page is not an attempt to link to Federal Register or the Code of Federal Regulations information for each federal agency. It links to other administrative actions which are outside the scope of the CFR or the FR. What is available via the Internet varies from agency to agency.”
This site is an aggregator of digital resources that provide a comprehensive research environment for scholars working on the literature, history, the fine arts, and philosophy of the long eighteenth century (1660-1800). According to the website, “Our main concerns are: Access via plain-text searching for all scholars to open access and proprietary and digital archives including EEBO and ECCO even if their institutions are unable to afford those resources; Peer- review of the growing number of digital resources and archives for which 18thConnect offers an online finding aid; Reflection on Best Practices with scholars who are negotiating new modes of publication and scholarly production.”
The National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology and the Law is hosted by Stetson University College of Law. It is a program of the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice. The website includes searchable comprehensive bibliography on law, science and technology. The forensic database contains court decisions and commentary, scholarly publications, commercial applications, professional associations and institutions, and other resources about traditional and new forensic topics.
PERCEPTIONS OF LIBRARIES, 2010: CONTEXT AND COMMUNITY, A REPORT TO THE OCLC MEMBERSHIP
OCLC first published the “Perceptions of libraries and information resources” in 2005. The new report provides updated information and new insights into information consumers and their online habits, preferences, and perceptions. Particular attention was paid to how the current economic downturn has affected the information-seeking behaviors and how those changes are reflected in the use and perception of libraries.
MARC RECORD GUIDE FOR MONOGRAPH AGGREGATORS
This was featured in a post to the TSLL Tech Scan list on March 18.
AALL’s own Yael Mandelstam and George Prager are among the co-authors. Here is the post to the TSLL Tech Scans Blog:
From a message by Ms. Kate Harcourt, Director for Original and Special Materials Cataloging at Columbia University, sent to the OCLC Cataloging list on March 10:
“The Program for Cooperative Cataloging published a guide for vendors. I think vendors will only improve the quality of records if we insist on better records. Please share this guide with your vendors as it maps out in detail how to construct a good quality MARC record.
This is the second edition, updated in fall 2010. Yael Mandelstam and George Prager are among the four authors. Maybe we all should send the guide to the legal publishers who produce record sets!
WOMEN IN AMERICA: INDICATORS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC WELL-BEING
In support of the Council on Women and Girls, the Office of Management and Budget and the Economics and Statistics Administration within the Department of Commerce worked together to create this report which, for the first time in recent history, pulls together information from across the Federal statistical agencies to compile baseline information on how women are faring in the United States today and how these trends have changed over time. The report provides a statistical portrait showing how women?s lives are changing in five critical areas: People, Families, and Income; Education; Employment; Health; Crime and Violence. This is the first such federal initiative since 1963, when the Commission on Status of Women, established by President Kennedy and chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, produced a report on the conditions of women.
In addition to the report, the White House website also provides additional resources related to women’s economic and social status today.
As a digital repository for the nation’s great research libraries, HathiTrust brings together the immense collections of partner institutions. It was initially conceived as a collaboration of the thirteen universities of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, the University of California system, and the University of Virginia to establish a repository for those universities to archive and share their digitized collections, and quickly expanded to include additional partners with fast growing treasure of digitized collections.
As shown on the visualization of HathiTrust works by call number page (http://www.hathitrust.org/visualizations_callnumbers), 22% of the works are classified in KF.
THE HAGUE JUSTICE PORTAL
Launched in 2006, the Hague Justice Portal (Portail Judiciaire de La Haye) was created by The Hague Academic Coalition to provide a virtual gateway to news, research materials, and general information pertaining to The Hague’s role in international peace, justice, and security. Designed to improve access to the Hague courts and encourage academic debate, the portals main projects include the Hague Justice Journal (requires subscription), the PCA Awards Project (with the Permanent Court of Arbitration), and the DomCLIC project (Domestic Jurisprudence on International Criminal Law). The “International Justice Forum” section contains a series of interactive forums designed to facilitate discussion on topics related to international law.
FREE FULL-TEXT ONLINE LAW REVIEW/LAW JOURNAL SEARCH ENGINE
This search engine searches the free full-text of over 400 online law reviews and law journals, as well as document repositories hosting academic papers and related publications such as Congressional Research Service reports. Several of the law reviews and legal journals, working papers, and reports are available online only.
FREE LEGAL INFORMATION AND SOLUTIONS, ALSO KNOWN AS NOLO’S LEGAL ENCYCLOPEDIA
This Nolo site presents an online legal encyclopedia of free legal articles and other materials. Major topics include: accidents & injuries; bankruptcy; business, LLCs & corporations; criminal law; divorce & family law; DUI/DWI & traffic tickets; employment law; immigration; nonprofits; patents, copyright & trademark; personal finance & retirement; real estate & rental property; small claims court & lawsuits; taxes; wills, trusts & estates. Also link to the Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary and selected free online books.
THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS: AN HISTORICAL RECORD OF THE DRAFTING PROCESS
This website provides access to United Nations documentation related to the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. From 1946-1948 delegates to the United Nations discussed and drafted an international declaration on the subject of human rights that has become a standard of principles for human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by General Assembly resolution 217A at its 3rd session in Paris on 10 December 1948. This website presents documents in chronological order, arranged according to the various bodies that met to discuss, draft and re-draft the Declaration. There are also brief biographic notes for the members of the Drafting Committee formed by the UN Commission on Human Rights.
FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY
The FLRA is an independent agency responsible for administering the labor-management relations program for federal employees world-wide. The site features full-text Authority cases from 1971 to the present and Impasse Panel Final Actions dating back to 1990. Includes information regarding FLRA’s processes in dealing with unfair labor practices, representation issues, arbitration appeals, and negotiation disputes; addresses and phone numbers of Regional Offices; Authority decisions; Closed court Litigation decisions; Office of the General Counsel policies and guidance; information regarding the agency’s Collaboration and Alternative Dispute Resolution (CADR) activities; press releases; the FLRA Bulletin; and biographies of the Authority Chair and Members, the General Counsel and the Panel Members.
MPI IMMIGRATION DATA HUB
According to the website, “The MPI Data Hub showcases in-depth and latest data on immigrant trends and patterns in the United States and around the world. Research tools include US State Data on the Foreign Born, Maps of the Foreign Born, the World Migration Map, Comparative Charts and Tables, the Global Remittances Guide, and asylum data. To date, the Data Hub has compiled stock, flow, citizenship, asylum, and historical data for 17 countries, including the United States, as well as extensive data from the US Census Bureau and Department of Homeland Security that cover the numbers and characteristics of immigrant populations residing in and arriving to the United States every year.”
INTEGRATING RESOURCES: A CATALOGING MANUAL, APPENDIX A TO THE BIBCO PARTICIPANTS’ MANUAL AND MODULE 35 OF THE CONSER CATALOGING MANUAL. 2010 REVISION
The Integrating Resources: A Cataloging Manual was first issued in 2003 and represented a significant milestone in the development of cataloging documentation. The manual was later revised in 2005 and 2008 to incorporate new practices and changes in the technical services landscape. In 2010 guidelines for repeatable 260 field were added to section 7.3.
PRIMARY SOURCES ON COPYRIGHT (1450-1900)
This is a digital archive of primary sources on copyright from the invention of the printing press (c. 1450) to the Berne Convention (1886) and beyond. These include privileges, statutes, judicial decisions, contracts and materials relating to legislative history, but also contemporary letters, essays, treatises and artefacts from Italy, Germany, France, Britain and the United States, in Italian, German, French, English and Latin.
SUPREME COURT DATABASE
Based on a database created by Harold J. Spaeth, the website contains over two hundred pieces of information about each case decided by the Court between the 1953 and 2008 terms. Examples include the identity of the court whose decision the Supreme Court reviewed, the parties to the suit, the legal provisions considered in the case, and the votes of the Justices.
The Earth Portal is a comprehensive resource for timely, objective, science-based information about the environment. It is a means for the global scientific community to come together to produce the first free, expert-driven, massively scalable information resource on the environment, and to engage civil society in a public dialogue on the role of environmental issues in human affairs. It contains no commercial advertising and reaches a large global audience.
KICK THE HABIT: A UN GUIDE TO CLIMATE NEUTRALITY
Kick the Habit, is written by experts from many disciplines and various countries, with leading research organizations involved in preparing and reviewing the publication. It presents solutions, from reducing consumption and increasing energy efficiency to offsetting emissions via carbon trading schemes, for individuals, businesses, cities and countries plus other groups that have similar characteristics such as NGO and intergovernmental organizations. The book contains case studies, illustrations, maps and graphics and serves also as reference publication.
The Innocence Project was founded in 1992 by Barry C. Scheck and Peter J. Neufeld at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University to assist prisoners who could be proven innocent through DNA testing. The website is organized into several components providing information on cases, wrongful convictions, and DNA evidence. Other sections provide updates on relevant criminal justice legislation and the latest DNA news.
REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSES
Created by the AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, this is a centralized online database of regulatory impact analyses (RIAs) and related Federal Register notices.
LINCOLN/NET : ABRAHAM LINCOLN HISTORICAL DIGITIZATION PROJECT / NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY
Presents biographical information on and speeches and writings of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), emphasizing Lincoln’s Illinois years from 1815-1861. Also provides a database of primary source materials related to antebellum life in Illinois, featuring letters, diaries, political pamphlets, songbooks, and hyperlinks to resources related to Lincoln’s political and social context. Includes discussions of eight historical themes and an online Lincoln biography.
PROJECT ON EMERGING NANOTECHNOLOGIES
The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies was established in April 2005 as a partnership between the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Pew Charitable Trusts. The Project is dedicated to helping ensure that as nanotechnologies advance, possible risks are minimized, public and consumer engagement remains strong, and the potential benefits of these new technologies are realized.
THE WHITE HOUSE, PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH
The official web site for President George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States. This site is a source for information about the President, Vice President, First Lady, Mrs. Cheney, and policies of the Bush Administration. “This is historical material, ‘frozen in time.’ The web site is no longer updated and links to external web sites and some internal pages will not work.”
THE J. WILLARD HURST COLLECTION (1932-1997)
This online collection, created by the University of Wisconsin Law Library, details the career of the man commonly identified as the father of modern American legal history. The collection primarily spans the years 1932 through Hurst’s death in 1997. Most of the material dates between 1946 and 1980, when Hurst was a professor at the University of Wisconsin Law School, where he developed the field of American legal economic history through his scholarship and teaching. The collection provides insight into the evolution of Hurst’s view of legal history and his role in developing a community for legal historians. It includes Hurst’s personal outlines and notes, course texts, publications, publication reviews, research notes, correspondence (incoming and carbon copies of outgoing letters), personnel records, photographs, audio recordings, and even his personal typewriter. Correspondence, topical outlines and notes, and audio recordings compose the bulk of the collection.
The site’s name is an acronym for Money And Politics: Illuminating the Connection. According to the site’s
section: “MAPLight.org, … illuminates the connection between campaign donations and legislative votes in unprecedented ways. Elected officials collect large sums of money to run their campaigns, and they often pay back campaign contributors with special access and favorable laws. This common practice is contrary to the public interest, yet legal.
makes money/vote connections transparent, to help citizens hold their legislators accountable.” The database combines three data sets: Bill texts and legislative voting records; Supporting and opposing interests for each bill; and Campaign contribution data from the Center for Responsive Politics and the National Institute on Money in State Politics.
HUMAN RIGHTS BRIEF
is a student-run publication of the Washington College of Law’s
. This periodical reports on developments in international human rights and humanitarian law and provides concise legal analysis of cutting edge human rights issues.
THE ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL TRADITION
This site contains documents from Medieval and Early Modern England (1218-1650) from the National Archives in London. These documents are digitized and displayed through The O’Quinn Law Library of the University of Houston Law Center by license of the National Archives. The documents include a wide range of series from both common law, equity courts and from the exchequer.
Kudos to Lyonette Louis-Jacques, the Foreign and International Law Librarian & Lecturer in Law at the University of Chicago D’Angelo Law Library, for making me aware of this month’s first site — Nixontapes.org — via one of her Twitter posts. This site contains transcripts and mp3 files of Nixon tapes made between February 1971 and July 1973 (approximately 2,150 hours and 6,000 audio files). Also included are the NARA-created tape logs and time codes, the president’s daily diary, and pertinent information about each conversation. Topics include discussions of the Watergate affair, conversations with advisers (mainly Henry Kissinger), visits to China, and domestic and foreign policy, including the Vietnam war.
This site is a project of the Sunlight Foundation and the Participatory Politics Foundation, and describes itself as “[a]n open-source, non-partisan, legislative Web resource that uses structured data scraped from THOMAS by GovTrack.us to show legislative information – bills, committees, member profiles – in a more useable format. OpenCongress.org offers RSS feeds as an easy and convenient way to follow the latest news and blog mentions relating to a bill, a vote or a member of Congress. The site serves as a rich resource for political bloggers, issue-based membership groups, and individuals.”
The Sunlight Foundation was founded in 2006 with the goal of using technology to enable citizens to learn more about what their elected representatives are doing, to help reduce corruption, ensure greater transparency and accountability by government, and foster public trust in the institutions of democracy. The site features include Congressional ethics, political spending, earmarking, and watchdog information; blogs and reports monitoring Congress; grant information; and “Sunlight Seekr,” a tool using name or zip code to cross-search multiple web sites to keep tabs on Congress.
Established to provide education, transparency, and accountability regarding the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the site provides explanations of the legislation, shows how, when and where the funds are to be spent, and provides a forum in which taxpayers may evaluate the Act’s progress and provide feedback.
FREE GOVERNMENT INFORMATION
According to the homepage, “Free Government Information (FGI) is a place for initiating dialogue and building consensus among the various players (libraries, government agencies, non-profit organizations, researchers, journalists, etc.) who have a stake in the preservation of and perpetual free access to government information. FGI promotes free government information through collaboration, education, advocacy and research.” FGI was founded by and continues to be maintained by a group of librarians who volunteer their time and talent to this cause.
BAILII : BRITISH AND IRISH LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE
This site provides access to a comprehensive set of freely available British and Irish primary legal materials, including British and Irish case law and legislation, European Union case law, Law Commission reports, and other law-related British and Irish material.
OFFICE OF PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION
This website provides online access to UK legislation and official publications. It provides guidance on official publishing and crown copyright, information on licensing, the information asset register, and the information trade scheme. The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) has grown out of Her Majesty’s Stationary Office (HMSO).
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Ismael Gullon, the Associate Law Librarian for Collections & Technical Services at Mercer University’s Furman Smith Law Library and the former OBS-SIS Chair who spear-headed the Website of the Month project, suggested this month’s first site: The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. According to the homepage, “In 1953, the Abraham Lincoln Association published The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, a multi-volume set of Lincoln’s correspondence, speeches, and other writings. Roy P. Basler and his editorial staff, with the continued support of the association, spent five years transcribing and annotating Lincoln’s papers. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln represented the first major scholarly effort to collect and publish the complete writings of Abraham Lincoln, and the edition has remained an invaluable resource to Lincoln scholars. Through the efforts of the Abraham Lincoln Association, the edition is now available in electronic form.” The site allows visitors to preform simple, boolean and proximity searches, as well as browse titles, browse through lists of all unique words in the text, and review the symbols used to describe sources as cited at the beginning of the first footnote to each item.
THE AVALON PROJECT AT YALE LAW SCHOOL: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS.
Appropriately, this site provides the electronic text of the Federalist Papers, a collection of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.
U. S. COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS
This site features the work of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (USCCR). Based in Washington, D.C., the USCCR is an independent, bipartisan, fact-finding agency of the Executive Branch that examines and endeavors to resolve discrimination issues related to race, ethnicity, religion and, more recently, sexual orientation.. This site includes the full-text of commission reports, some state advisory commission reports, and other publications.
HISTORICAL PUBLICATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS
This project is a partnership of the United States Government Printing Office, the United States Commission on Civil Rights and the Thurgood Marshall Law Library. The documents on this site are searchable by title, date, subject, and SUDOC number.
CRIN: CHILD RIGHTS INFORMATION NETWORK
CRIN: Child Rights Information Network is a global network coordinating and promoting information and action on child rights. Almost 2,000 member organisations and tens of thousands more activists from across the world rely on CRIN for research and information. CRIN presses for rights, not charity, for children and is guided by a passion for putting children’s rights at the top of the global agenda by addressing root causes and promoting systematic change. Its guiding framework is the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). CRIN’s activities are based on the belief that information is a powerful tool for realising children’s rights. CRIN distributes news, events and reports, lobbies, enables advocacy and promotes knowledge sharing and coordination. CRIN participates in international child rights coalitions and advocacy groups, supports campaigns and makes the UN and regional mechanisms more accessible to those lobbying for social change. “–About CRIN
ChildStats.gov: the official Web site of the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics offers easy access to federal and state statistics and reports on children and their families, including: population and family characteristics, economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education. Childstats.gov is a project of the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.
Childwelfare.com is an index to Internet resources on child abuse and child welfare.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE FUND (CDF)
The Children’s Defense Fund (CDF) is a nonprofit organization providing a voice for children in America, particularly minority, poor, and disabled children. The CDF’s goal is to educate the nation about children’s needs. The website includes news items, reports, and information on current issues related to children, as well as information on CDF publications, conferences, and products.
ELECTION LAW @ MORITZ : INFORMATION AND INSIGHT ON THE LAWS GOVERNING FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL ELECTIONS
According to the site’s “About Us” page, “Election Law @ Moritz is a web publication that covers developments in the law of election administration– laws dealing with voter registration, voter ID, early and absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll workers and polling place procedures, recounts and election contests, and other related issues. Our primary target audience includes lawyers and legal scholars who focus on these issues, as well as journalists in the elections field.”
LEGACY TOBACCO DOCUMENTS LIBRARY
In honor of the Great American Smokeout on November 20, this month’s other featured site is Legacy tobacco documents library. This site offers searching, viewing, and downloading of over 8 million documents which relate to scientific research, manufacturing, marketing, litigation and legislation, and advertising and sales of cigarettes, among other topics. These documents generally date from the 1950’s to recent years. The Legacy tobacco documents library is part of the Tobacco control archives, which was a previous Website of the Month selection.
LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASES
This site is a collaboration between Street Law and The Supreme Court Historical Society, and was developed to provide teachers with a full range of resources and activities to support the teaching of landmark Supreme Court cases. While these activities are online, many of them can be adapted for use in a one-computer classroom or a classroom with no computer. The general teaching strategies include moot court, political cartoon analysis, continuum exercises, and Web site evaluation.
THE COMPLETE LAWYER : HOW LAWYERS SUCCEED
According to the home page, this website is devoted to “[t]ools and insights on the professional development, and quality of life, and career issues that impact every lawyer’s success and satisfaction.” On September 25, 2007 the home page explained that “The Complete Lawyer is sponsored by bar associations across the country. It is sent out every sixty days to thousands of lawyers via email and is posted continuously on the web … [It] focuses solely on the personal and professional development of lawyers.”
A DIGEST OF CIVIL LAWS NOW IN FORCE IN THE TERRITORY OF ORLEANS : WITH ALTERATIONS AND AMENDMENTS ADAPTED TO ITS PRESENT SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT
This site is a joint project of the Center of Civil Law Studies (CCLS), Information Technology and the Law Library of the Paul M. Hebert Law Center, in partnership with the Center for French and Francophone Studies, and the Department of French Studies at Louisiana State University. According to the website, “The Digest of the Civil Laws now in Force in the Territory of Orleans was enacted on March 31, 1808. It is now made accessible online, on occasion of the Bicentennial of what is often described as the first Louisiana civil code. The original French and the English translation can be viewed separately or together on the same screen. The typing of both versions was extracted from the first edition of 1808, printed by Bradford & Anderson, in the city of New Orleans. With the exception of obvious typos, the Digest Online strictly follows the original wording and orthography.”
PEACE PALACE LIBRARY : HOME OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
The Library of the Peace Palace has one of the world’s largest collections in the field of international law, public and private law, and foreign national law, as well as an extensive collection on international political and diplomatic history and the history of peace movements.
GLOBAL CORRUPTION REPORT
These annual reports each have a thematic title, and are issued in English, French, German, and Spanish editions.
CGS – POLICYARCHIVE
This site is a project of the Center for Governmental Studies and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis University Library. According to the site’s Press Room page, “PolicyArchive is an innovative, new digital archive of global, non-partisan public policy research. It houses summaries and full texts of public policy research from various think tanks, universities, government agencies, and foundations. It allows research users, policy makers, the media, and the public to quickly access the depth and breadth of research in numerous subject matters. Ultimately, PolicyArchive will indefinitely preserve the life of public policy research, substantially increase its impact, and provide society at large with long-term access to the benefits of that important research.”
FACTCHECK.ORG : ANNENBERG POLITICAL FACT CHECK
This site is a nonpartisan, nonprofit, “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. The site monitors the factual accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in the form of TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews, and news releases. Its goal is to apply the best practices of both journalism and scholarship, and to increase public knowledge and understanding.
OPENSECRETS.ORG : THE WEB SITE OF THE CENTER FOR RESPONSIVE POLITICS
“The Center for Responsive Politics describes itself as ‘a non-partisan, non-profit research group based in Washington, D.C. that tracks money in politics, and its effect on elections and public policy.’ Opensecrets.org, the Center’s Web site, provides information from the Federal Election Commission about campaign contributions to Congress, to the political parties and the presidential campaigns. The site may be navigated by tabs at the top of the web page, by search engines within the site, or by links to current issues. Everything is documented with citations and methodology. The mission statement, contact information, and funding sources are clearly noted. Opensecrets.org is a goldmine of data on contributions in politics, helpful both for students writing papers and for avid followers of politics”–“Best Free Reference Web Sites 2002,” RUSA Quarterly, Fall 2002; reviewed Feb. 19, 2002
JUSTIA REGULATION TRACKER
This site provides free access to Federal rules, proposed rules, notices, administrative orders, executive orders, and proclamations. Users may search by department or agency, include keywords, and limit by document type or date; or browse by agency or date. Coverage begins January 1, 2005
THE STATUTE LAW DATABASE
This site is the official revised edition of the primary legislation of the United Kingdom made available online. Users can view amended legislation as it has changed over time, see how legislation will be affected by amendments not yet in force, see how legislation has been amended for different jurisdictions, navigate links between affecting and affected legislation, and search the text of legislation for words and phrases.
CANLII : CANADIAN LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE
This site provides access to primary sources of Canadian Law accessible for free on the Internet. The site includes legislative and judicial texts, as well as legal commentaries, from federal, provincial, and territorial jurisdictions, and the information is available in both French and English.
THE SPECIAL COURT FOR SIERRA LEONE
According to the homepage, “The Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up jointly by the Government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations. It is mandated to try those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996.” The website provides information about the Court, information related to its cases, basic documents of the Court, and practice directions and directives of the Court.
THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea entered into force on 16 November 1994. A subsequent Agreement relating to the implementation of Part XI of the Convention entered into force on 28 July 1996. The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the Convention to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention. The Tribunal is composed of 21 elected independent members. This site provides general information, proceedings and judgments, documents and publications, news, and question and answer sections in both English and French.
INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY
This site contains information on the administrative bodies of the International Seabed Authority, including the Assembly, Council, Legal and Technical Commission, Finance Committee and the Secretariat. This site also includes a list of documents issued by the Authority at each of its sessions, and the full text of selected documents, and the information is available in English, French, or Spanish.
This site provides fuel economy estimates, energy and environmental impact ratings, fuel-saving tips, and other related information. It is maintained jointly by the U.S. Department of Energys Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
OANDA.COM : THE CURRENCY SITE
This site provides currency conversion information and other services for travelers and businesses.
The Cato journal is a public policy journal that is written and edited to be accessible to lay readers.
HAGUE JUSTICE JOURNAL
The Hague justice journal includes legal articles, commentaries, and overviews of court documents of several international courts.
The ELS bibliography is a database hosted by the UCLA School of Law that contains empirical legal research material published after July 2005. The database includes law reviews from top law schools in the country, major specialty journals, legal journals not published by law schools, and journals in other areas: economics, political science, sociology, anthropology and psychology. Entries include the following bibliographic data: author and affiliation, subject categories, and data in Blue Book format. The articles are searchable by author, title, subject and year.
LAWPROSE, INC. : INTERVIEWS OF UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JUSTICES
This site presents interviews conducted by Bryan Garner in 2006 and 2007 with 8 of the 9 U.S. Supreme Court Justices. In these interviews, the justices talk about issues such as writing legal briefs and appearing before the court.
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NET
Created as a client service tool in 1998 by environmental and energy lawyer David Blackmar, Environmental Law Net is a leading resource for environmental law research and news. This site is currently under reconstruction, but currently visitors may access information via the two main content divisions: legal information libraries and community resources. There are six legal information libraries which are broken into document libraries and task-specific libraries. The document libraries cover laws and regulations, court and agency decisions, and other agency documents. The task-specific libraries cover compliance, enforcement and litigation, and real estate and corporate transactions. The community resources area provides a daily newsfeed, reference tools, a moderated interview and seminar forum, editorial articles, and other useful features.
ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL OF THE STATES
Based in Washington, D.C., Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) is a nonprofit association of state and territorial environmental commissioners. The website highlights the work of ECOS, including the states involved, projects, research, and the policies of ECOS.
EU ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY HANDBOOK : A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF EU ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION : MAKING IT ACCESSIBLE TO ENVIRONMENTALISTS AND DECISION MAKERS
This 2005 book was edited by Stefan Scheuer. It describes the history and current status of EU environmental law, and also looks to the future by analysing the strengths and weaknesses of the actions taken so far.
THE JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, SCIENCE & LAW
This journal is sponsored by the University of Miami’s Ethics Program and the Georgia Institute of Technology’s School of Public Policy. According to the journal’s website, it “is an interdisciplinary forum dedicated to examining issues in the intersection of applied philosophy, science, and the law. The Journal seeks to stimulate research and publish articles in the following areas: Philosophical issues associated with science policy and the growth of technology; Philosophy, the legal system, and scientific evidence; The influence of legal and ethical guidelines on scientific research; and Educational issues relating to how legal and ethical guidelines are taught within scientific fields.
This journal comes from the Cato Institute. It provides analysis of regulatory and economic policies by the nation’s leading economists, policy analysts, and legal experts.
STANFORD AGORA: AN ONLINE JOURNAL OF LEGAL PERSPECTIVES
STANFORD JOURNAL OF LEGAL STUDIES
The final 2 titles for March 2008 are the Stanford Agora: an Online Journal of Legal Perspectives and its predecessor, the Stanford journal of legal studies. According to the Agora’s website, it “is an exclusively online journal that seeks to enrich legal discourse by creating a forum for the discussion of vital legal issues by lawyers and non-lawyers alike. “Agora” is the ancient Greek word for “marketplace”. The Greek Agora served as a forum for philosophical discussion and debate. Today the desire for intense intellectual interaction has not waned, but the forum for discussion has moved: today’s agora is the Internet. Capitalizing on this revolutionary platform, Stanford Agora supplements traditional written content with multimedia texts and interactive elements.
THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY PROJECT
This site contains over 75,000 documents related to the study of the American Presidency, including public papers, annual messages to Congress on the state of the Union, inaugural addresses, radio addresses, acceptance speeches, presidential candidates debates, party platforms, elections data, and an audio/video archive.
THE PRESIDENTIAL TIMELINE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
The Presidential Timeline is a gateway to the digitized collections of the twelve Presidential Libraries of the National Archives, from Herbert Hoover to Bill Clinton. It includes an interactive timeline, educational activities, and also documents, photographs, audio recordings, and video relating to the events of the presidents’ lives.
THE JAMES MADISON PAPERS
This site consists of approximately 12,000 items housed in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division, captured in some 72,000 digital images, including correspondence, personal notes, drafts of letters and legislation, an autobiography, legal and financial documents, and miscellaneous manuscripts. Highlights include a copy of Thomas Jefferson’s notes from the Continental Congress of 1776, including Jefferson’s copy of the Declaration of Independence as amended by Congress. Among Madison’s correspondents were Jefferson, Dolly Madison, James Monroe, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, and Noah Webster.
THE MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. PAPERS PROJECT AT STANFORD UNIVERSITY
This site was chosen as one of the “Best Free Reference Web Sites of 2000” by RUSA Quarterly. According to the website’s Overview, “[t]he King Papers Project is a major research effort to assemble and disseminate historical information concerning Martin Luther King, Jr. and the social movements in which he participated.” In addition to an extensive King Biography, Encyclopedia, and collection of Audio recordings, the website includes the most complete inventory available of King’s major sermons, speeches, public statements, published writings, manuscripts, and substantial notes and outlines. Each of the 1,750 catalog records in the inventory contains information that enables scholars to identify the documents and determine the archival location of the original.
THE CIVIL RIGHTS LITIGATION CLEARINGHOUSE
According to the website, “The Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse is a collection of documents and information about civil rights cases in selected case categories across the United States. Currently, the categories include: Child Welfare, Criminal Justice (Other), Disability Rights-Pub. Accom., Education, Election/Voting Rights, Equal Employment, Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance, Immigration, Jail Conditions, Juvenile Institution, Mental Health Facility, Mental Retardation Facility, Nursing Home Conditions, Policing, Prison Conditions, Public Benefits, Public Defenders, Public Housing, School Desegregation, Speech and Religious Freedom. The site is dedicated to injunctive rather than damages litigation — that is, to cases seeking policy or operational change, not cases seeking money.”
THE PEW FORUM ON RELIGION & PUBLIC LIFE
Launched in 2001, this site seeks to promote a deeper understanding of issues at the intersection of religion and public affairs. The Forum focuses on four key areas of research: Religion and Politics (where the focus is on the influence of religion and religious organizations on political behavior, including voting and campaigns); Religion and the Law (where the Forum analyzes church-state controversies such as Supreme Court battles over the Ten Commandments, the Pledge of Allegiance and school vouchers); Religion and Domestic Policy (where the Forum examines a wide range of policy debates from abortion and gay marriage to stem cell research and faith-based initiatives); and Religion and World Affairs (where it explores the integral role religion plays in world affairs, with a particular focus on religions impact on U.S. foreign policy).
The homepage of the National Association of Consumer Advocates, this site provides general information about issues affecting consumers such as auto fraud, binding mandatory arbitration, credit reporting problems, debt collection abuse, identity theft, lemon law, military consumer rights, predatory lending practices, and student loans. The site also has an extensive collection of amicus briefs.
This site provides the first free, full-text searchable database of Supreme Court and Federal Appellate case reports. It is a resource for attorneys, legal scholars, and the general public. AltLaw is a joint project of Columbia Law School’s Program on Law and Technology, and the Silicon Flatirons Program at the University of Colorado Law School, and is a work in progress.
RESEARCH-BASED WEB DESIGN & USABILITY GUIDELINES
These guidelines were originally designed to help National Cancer Institute staff improve the presentation of cancer-related information to cancer researchers and the public, though they are applicable to anyone who designs and manages information web sites.
NATIONAL INDIAN LAW LIBRARY (NILL)
According to NILL’s homepage, “…NILL is a public law library devoted to federal Indian and tribal law. Our mission is to develop and make accessible a unique and valuable collection of Indian law resources and other information relating to Native Americans. NILL places special emphasis on fulfilling the information needs of Indian law advocates and others working on behalf of Native Americans.” The library serves all members of the general public including individuals and organizations working on behalf of Native Americans. In addition to the library catalog and lists of resources by topic, the site features the Tribal Law Gateway which is a database for finding constitutions and codes of federally recognized tribes, and an online collection of digitized codes and constitutions. The site also provides a current awareness service called Indian Law Bulletins.
TOBACCO CONTROL ARCHIVES
The Tobacco Control Archives (TCA) is a print and digital collection of papers, documents, and electronic resources related to tobacco control issues maintained by Galen, the digital library of the University of California at San Francisco. The primary digital collection is the ?Legacy Tobacco Documents Library? which consists of over ?7 million documents concerning scientific research, manufacturing, marketing, advertising, and sales of cigarettes.? Also available through TCA are the complaints and other tobacco litigation documents filed by the Attorneys General of 44 states, government reports on tobacco industry, and some e-books. Finally, detailed finding aids for the paper collections are available online.
A project of the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy, this site collects legal research topics submitted by practitioners for law students to explore in faculty-supervised writing projects for academic credit.
BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
This is the official website of the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States. The site presents detailed information about the Federal Reserve system, its board of governors, Federal Reserve banks, and monetary policy. The site also provides access to information on payment systems, economic research and data, consumer information, reporting forms, and online publications. This site was named one of the “Best Free Reference Web Sites 2004;” and received this review in the RUSA Quarterly: “Maintained by the governing body of the Federal Reserve, this site provides an excellent gateway for the Federal Reserve System as a whole. Both banking professionals and those with a general interest in the economy will find useful features on this site. A search engine, as well as topical links, lead the user to rich descriptive and full-text material that includes press releases, statistical data, speeches, publications, and consumer information. In addition to descriptions of the twelve Federal Reserve district banks, there is an electronic map which links to the district homepages, which provide valuable information about different regional economies. This site is an excellent starting point for anyone interested in banking at the federal level or the economy as a whole.”–Reviewed March 5, 2004 “Best Free Reference Web Sites 2004,” RUSA Quarterly, Fall 2004. Comp. by the MARS Best Free Websites Committee, RUSA, ALA.
FED IN PRINT : AN INDEX TO FEDERAL RESERVE ECONOMIC RESEARCH
This searchable catalog is hosted on the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco website, and also contains links to the Latest Working Papers and New Economic Articles.
CongressLink is produced by the Dirksen Congressional Center, a non-partisan, not-for-profit organization that seeks to improve public engagement in politics through better understanding of Congress. The website provides information about the U.S. Congress, how it works, its members and leaders, and the public policies it produces. One of its projects is the Civil Rights Documentation Project, which describes the legislative process involved in the struggle to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The project web page provides a detailed, month by month timeline of that development, from January 1963 through the law?s enactment in August 1965. Icons indicate whether a timeline date focuses on the social context or legislative process, and names of key politicians and cites to specific bill numbers are included.
THE RUTHERFORD INSTITUTE HOME PAGE
The Rutherford Institute was founded in 1982 by attorney and author John W. Whitehead. As a “civil liberties organization that provides free legal services to people whose constitutional and human rights have been threatened or violated,” the Institute has a mission to both litigate in defense of religious and civil liberties and to educate the public about constitutional rights. The website provides extensive information about Rutherford and its issues of focus. These issues include free speech, religious freedom, church rights, parents rights, zero tolerance, search and seizure, death penalty, and sexual harassment.
UN PERMANENT FORUM ON INDIGENOUS ISSUES
The Forum acts as an advisory body to the United Nations Economic and Social Council, and it is charged with providing “expert advice and recommendations” to the Council and to “raise awareness and promote the integration and coordination of activities relating to indigenous issues within the United Nations system.” The website provides a variety of information and materials on the Forum. The history and mandate of the Forum are described in detail. Details of the Forum’s members, secretariat, and monthly calendar are available. Of particular interest to researchers are the articles, speeches, and official documents made available. Speeches include statements and messages delivered by Forum officials. Various background documents and resolutions are included in the official documents section listed by symbol number. The Forum’s session documents are also available.
NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW
According to the website, “(t)he articles are scholarly pieces, written by students and legal professionals focusing on provocative current issues and trends in international and comparative law. The publication is intended to serve as a forum for analysis of international legal topics that is both useful and thought provoking.” .
CRIME & JUSTICE DATA ONLINE
This site presents statistics on crime and justice in the United States, including information about crime trends, homicide trends and characteristics, law enforcement management, and administrative statistics. Statistics for state and local agencies are available.
DIRECTORY OF OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS : DOAJ
The DOAJ lists free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals, and aims to cover all subjects and languages. As of today (8/1/07), there are 2,795 journals in the directory; 834 of the journals are searchable at article level; 141,333 articles are included; and 53 journals are listed under the Law subject heading. Of the law-related journals, most are either entirely in English or provide some English language articles.
OFFICIAL DOCUMENT SYSTEM OF THE UNITED NATIONS
The United Nations Official Documents System (ODS) is the electronic repository for official documents published by the United Nations. It comprises the full text of United Nations parliamentary documents (including resolutions and decisions) issued at United Nations Headquarters in New York and the United Nations Office in Geneva since 1993 as well as at the United Nations Office in Vienna since 1997. The number of duty stations covered by the ODS is expanding as the regional commissions have started to load documents. In addition to parliamentary documentation, United Nations administrative issuances (ST/AI/-, ST/IC/- and ST/SGB/-), considered valid at time of input, are included in the database. UN Resolutions, which includes the official records version of resolutions of the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council and Trusteeship Council since 1946. Earlier UN documents (prior to 1993) are being added daily.
Includes links to documents of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government as well as regulatory and administrative decisions and miscellaneous federal government information.
GovSpot is a government information portal, simplifying the search for government websites, documents, facts and figures, news, public policy information and political organizations.
ACTUAL INNOCENCE AWARENESS DATABASE
“The Actual Innocence awareness database provides a listing of United States resources to those interested in the area of wrongful convictions. It encompasses the categories of popular media (such as newspaper articles and segments which aired on television news magazines), journal articles, books, reports, legislation and websites. The materials are classified into what are considered the primary causes of wrongful conviction: forensics/DNA; eyewitness identification; false confessions; jailhouse informants; police and/or prosecutorial misconduct; and ineffective representation. There is also a “general” category for those items which defy further categorization.”–Home page.
ISEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY TREATIES
ISEA stands for International Sustainable Energy Assessment, which is a project of the Unversity of Colorado School of Law’s Energy and Environmental Security Initiative. This database contains in-force energy treaties from every country in the world. Subject areas include cooperation agreements, electricity infrastructure, energy markets, energy storage, fossil energy, nuclear energy, renewable energy, energy efficiency, and transportation.
RESEARCHING U.S. TREATIES AND AGREEMENTS
Researching U.S. treaties and agreements , a guide by Marci Hoffman available on the LLRX (Law Library Resource Xchange) website. Marci has created an extensive guide to researching multilaterial and bilateral agreements to which the United States is a signatory. Topics include: locating and updating treaties; indexes to treaty collections; treaty research online; status information; implementation and interpretation; drafting of treaties; and bilateral treaties outside of the U.S.
THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL LAW CENTER
The Center is part of the University of Arkansas School of Law, and the site is a premier source for information and scholarly research on agricultural and food law. The site features “Reading Rooms” that provide in-depth coverage on specific agricultural and food subjects, which include topical background information, statutes, regulations, judicial and administrative decisions, Center publications, and online reference sources. The National AgLaw Reporter, a regularly updated electronic newsletter, provides current news, case summaries, regulatory changes, and administrative decisions. United States Farm Bills offers the full text of the nation’s farm bills from 1933 to the present, along with links to legislative history, analysis, and background resources. A quarterly-updated and searchable AgLaw Bibliography provides scholarly sources on 48 agricultural and food law topics.
FLAG, FARMERS’ LEGAL ACTION GROUP, INCORPORATED
FLAG is a nonprofit law center dedicated to providing legal services to family farmers and their rural communities in order to help keep family farmers on the land. FLAG focuses on areas such as factory farms, biotechnology, disaster assistance, and sustainable and organic agriculture. The FLAG main page provides news, press releases, Farm Service Agency (FSA) administrative notices, and related articles. Summaries of significant decisions in agricultural law court cases are published in the Farmers’ Legal Action Report. Visitors to FLAG’s page may read the Group’s comments to federal rules and highlights of the Federal Register. FLAG’s amicus briefs are also available on the site.
FOREIGN LAW TRANSLATIONS
Containing nearly 1,000 translated judicial decisions and statutes, this website is a resource for French, German, Italian, Austrian and Israeli legal materials in the fields of constitutional, administrative, contract and tort law.
LAW AND POLITICS BOOK REVIEW
The Law and Politics Book Review
is sponsored by the Law and Courts Section of the American Political Science Association. Reviews are published frequently, and readers are notified by e-mail as new ones are available. The Section has a membership of almost 900 and presently sends the Review to over 1,300 readers in 39 countries. The electronic medium enables us to review almost every book about the legal process and politics, to do longer reviews than are usually published, and to make the reviews available within six months of our receipt of the book. The review presently remains available for an indefinite period on the
World Wide Web home page.
CENTER FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
Center is a self-sustaining division of Freedom House, an American human rights group. Its objective is to defend against religious persecution of all groups throughout the world. The website contains current news, country profiles, newsletters, and other relevant information.
THE HISTORY OF THE SUPREME COURT
“…this very thorough website was created to complement a major television series on the history of the Supreme Court that will soon appear on PBS. Within each one of the site’s sections, users will find essays and teaching materials on gender equality, social rights, personal liberties, and equal access to schools. The site also includes a very nice interactive timeline of landmark cases handed down since 1792. Finally, the site also includes a searchable encyclopedia of terms and court cases of note.”
INDIAN TRUST, COBELL V. NORTON.
Provided by the Blackfeet Reservation Development Fund, Inc. The site details “a class-action lawsuit filed on June 10, 1996, in U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C. to force the federal government to account for billions of dollars belonging to approximately 500,000 American Indians and their heirs, and held in trust since the late 19th century.” A case overview provides basic background to the litigation, as well as a timeline detailing all major events in the litigation. Court documents, including plaintiff briefs, trial transcripts, court opinions, and letters are all available online in PDF. Media coverage, from the inception of the case to the present, is provided with full text newspaper articles, editorials, press releases, and interviews.
EARLY RECOGNIZED TREATIES WITH AMERICAN INDIAN NATIONS
Digitized collection of the nine remaining American Indian treaties created between the years 1722 and 1805, which are not included in Kappler’s Indian affairs: laws and treaties. The collection includes the seven early treaties between a number of American Indian nations and the British, and of two treaties with the United States that were never published in the Statutes at large.
U.S. SUPREME COURT DATABASES
This data collection encompasses all aspects of United States Supreme Court decision-making from the 1946 term to the most recent term. Datasets are also available by various terms, and by individual justices for certain terms.
THE U.S. COURTS OF APPEALS DATABASE
“The Appeals Court Database Project was designed to create an extensive dataset to facilitate the empirical analysis of the votes of judges and the decisions of the U.S. Courts of Appeals…the database was designed to code a random sample of cases since 1925.”–Home page
Provides links to both general and special audience newspapers available online, as well as to other news sources such as magazines and radio and television stations. Coverage is worldwide
According to the JURIST website, it “…is a Web-based legal news and real-time legal research service powered by a mostly-volunteer team of over 30 part-time law student reporters, editors, and Web developers led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. JURIST is produced as a public service for the continuing legal education of its readers and law student staffers, and uses the latest Internet technology to track important legal news stories and materials and present them rapidly, objectively and intelligibly in an accessible, ad-free format.”
“D-Lib Magazine is a solely electronic publication with a primary focus on digital library research and development, including but not limited to new technologies, applications, and contextual social and economic issues.”–About D-Lib Magazine
E : ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE
Web site of the Environmental Defense, a not-for-profit environmental advocacy organization. Offers campaigns and action items for activists, resources for journalists and researchers, and programs which bring together experts in science, law and economics to tackle complex environmental issues
EARTHTRENDS : THE ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION PORTAL
An environmental information portal for researching global topics, such as water resources, climate and atmosphere, population and health, energy resources, and agriculture and food. Allows users to gather information from the searchable database, display data tables, view country profiles, or select maps with global, regional, and country-level environmental information
FIELD : FOUNDATION FOR INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND DEVELOPMENT
Founded in 1989 by a small group of international lawyers, the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development is an organization which offers its advice and assistance to governments, inter-governmental entities and non-governmental organizations world-wide. The website provides papers and publications, including Explanatory Guides, International Environmental Law Papers, EU Environmental Law Papers, and other relevant materials. The site also provides overviews of its current and past projects dealing with issues such as biodiversity, marine resources, climate change, and strengthening capacity
REPRESENTING CHILDREN WORLDWIDE
Representing Children Worldwide is a research project which compiles information and resources on how children’s voices are heard in child protective proceedings around the country and around the world in the year 2005. The website provides a summary of the practices of the 194 signatories to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child (UNCRC) with respect to this question, as well as background information on the jurisdiction’s child protective practices and web resources and contact information for further research in this field
INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION
The website provides information about the work and history of the Commission. In the “Researching the work of the Commission” section, the following materials are included: a research guide, topics, texts and instruments, documentation, publications and a search page. The publications area also includes the full text of the Commission’s yearbooks
MUNICIPAL CODE CORPORATION
The Municipal Code Corporation site contains local government codes of ordinances from around United States, as well as links to related organizations.
MUNICIPAL CODES WEB LIBRARY.
The Municipal codes web library provides links to municipal and county codes from various states published through LexisNexis Municipal Codes Publishing and Ordlink Services.
GLOBAL LEGAL INFORMATION NETWORK
GLIN is a database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the member nations from the original official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members, in a server at the Library of Congress, sponsored by the Law Library of Congress. The basic elements of this database are: (1) full texts of the documents in the official language of the country of origin; (2) summaries or abstracts in English; and (3) an English thesaurus. GLIN data fields in the database include country/entity, GLIN thesaurus, title, date of issuance, date of publication, instrument class, instrument number, language, and others. The summaries or abstracts are linked electronically to the corresponding full texts. Access to the contents of the database is at two levels: guests have access to the summaries and citations to laws; members and associate members can access the full content of the database upon issuance of passwords. Inquiries about GLIN can be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
SENATE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY : SUPREME COURT NOMINATION HEARINGS
This site contains PDF files of all Senate Judiciary Committee hearings on *successful* Supreme Court nominations from the Rehnquist-Powell hearings in 1971 to the Roberts hearings in 2005. The older prints have been both scanned and OCR’ed, so they are searchable, as well as amenable to copy and paste functions. Specifically, the transcripts include the hearings on the Associate Justice of the Supreme Court nominations of William H. Rehnquist, Lewis F. Powell, John Paul Stevens, Sandra Day O’Connor, Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, David H. Souter, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen G. Breyer; Hearing on the Nomination of Justice William H. Rehnquist to be Chief Justice of the United States; Hearing on the Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr. to be Chief Justice of the United States. Presumably, the Alito hearing will be added when the Committee print is published.
ALLIANCE FOR JUSTICE
The “Alliance for justice” works to promote a fair and independent judiciary and strengthen public interest advocacy. Its website contains extensive information about its political activities and membership functions. In addition, the “Research and Publications” section provides the full text of reports (in PDF) on judicial nominations and select bills and legislation, and other publications aimed at non-profit and foundation organizers.
COUNCIL FOR COURT EXCELLENCE
This site presents basic reference information about the history of the federal courts and the judges who have served on those courts since 1789. It contains six topical links: Judges of the United States Courts; Courts of the Federal Judiciary; Judicial Administration and Organization; Landmark Judicial Legislation; Judicial History News; and a Courthouse Photograph Exhibit. In addition, the site includes links to other internet sites related to the history of the federal judiciary and to history-related publications from the Federal Judicial Center.
FREQUENTLY-CITED TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS
According to this site’s home page: “As an aid to law review citation-checking, the following is a list of treaties frequently cited in law review articles, along with available sources of hard copy. In addition, wherever possible, the entries are linked to the EISIL database of the American Society of International Law.”
HISTORY OF THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY
This site presents basic reference information about the history of the federal courts and the judges who have served on those courts since 1789. It contains six topical links: Judges of the United States Courts; Courts of the Federal Judiciary; Judicial Administration and Organization; Landmark Judicial Legislation; Judicial History News; and a Courthouse Photograph Exhibit. In addition, the site includes links to other internet sites related to the history of the federal judiciary and to history-related publications from the Federal Judicial Center.
STATE LEGISLATIVE HISTORY RESEARCH GUIDES ON THE WEB
Compilation of online legislative history research guides for most of the 50 states
“Sunshine Week” is an open-government initiative made up of newspaper editors, broadcasters, bloggers, legislators, librarians, and civic groups. In addition to background information on the Sunshine Week Project and its supporters and coordinators, the site provides access to other materials on open access, including a Toolkit section, tips for writing about open government, and advice on conducting a Freedom of Information audit and how to make requests under the Freedom of Information Act. The site also links to numerous news stories and editorials on open access.
EFF : LEGAL GUIDE FOR BLOGGERS
The “EFF” in “EFF : legal guide for bloggers” stands for the Electronic Frontier Foundation. According to the homepage of the Legal guide for bloggers, EFF “… is a non-profit civil liberties organization working in the public interest to protect privacy, free expression, and access to public resources and information online, as well as to promote responsibility in new media.” The Legal guide for bloggers site contains a collection of frequently asked questions (FAQs) for bloggers about their legal rights. Topics include intellectual property, online defamation law, section 230 (of the Communication Decency Act of 1996) protections, and privacy. Also includes FAQs for bloggers as journalists on reporter’s privilege and media access, and FAQs relating to election and labor laws.
“SupportGuidelines.com” is a comprehensive resource for the interpretation and application of child support guidelines in the United States.
CARDIFF INDEX TO LEGAL ABBREVIATIONS
The Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations is a web-based service that allows you to search for the meaning of abbreviations for English language legal publications, from the British Isles, the Commonwealth, and the United States, including those covering international and comparative law. A selection of major foreign language law publications is also included. The database mainly covers law reports and law periodicals, but some legislative publications and major textbooks are also included.
For more general abbreviations and acronyms, Acronyma provides a search interface to a database of over 450,000 acronyms and abbreviations. It includes acronyms in English, Spanish, French, and other languages.
CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORTS
Site includes selected Congressional Research Service reports, some with different editions. Each report is assigned subjects terms from the Legislative Indexing Vocabulary, supplemented with Library of Congress Subject Headings. Reports may be accessed through subject listings, or may be located through keyword searching
OPEN CRS : CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH REPORTS FOR THE PEOPLE
The Open CRS site provides access to Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports that are already in the public domain.
THE WOODWARD AND BERNSTEIN WATERGATE PAPERS
These papers are housed at the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin. The digitized documents available at this site include source materials and drafts belonging to Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein during their partnership telling the story of the Watergate scandal. Also included are materials used for Washington Post articles and the books “All the President’s Men” and “The Final Days.”
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS
This journal is produced by students at the Northwestern University School of Law. According to the journal’s homepage, the journal “… is dedicated to providing a dynamic new forum for the vigorous discussion of human rights issues of all varieties among scholars of all disciplines and perspectives. Recognizing that a comprehensive examination of international human rights cannot be accomplished based on legal principles alone, the Journal seeks contribution from professionals in all areas, including but not limited to law, business, ethics, political science, economics, religion, and sociology.”
This website is dedicated to international and foreign law research, and the dissemination of high-level international, foreign, and comparative law research tools.
This website is directed towards the state justice community. It contains over 100 court-related topics, which include overviews, research reports, resource guides, frequently asked questions, best practices, and NCSC publications.
SANTA CLARA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
The Santa Clara Journal of International Law hopes to redefine legal journalism by publishing an easily accessible, entirely web-based international law journal composed of rigorous, accessible, and intellectually sound material. Each journal volume contains materials from a diverse representation of international scholars. In addition to the online journal, book reviews and articles are posted on the website. The Journal also hosts an annual symposium at Santa Clara University, School of Law.
YALE JOURNAL OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY
The Yale Journal of Law & Technology (YJoLT) is the first law review in the world to offer its readership a fully interactive environment in which to acquire and disseminate knowledge about the interface between law and technology. Formerly the Yale Symposium on Law & Technology, the Journal not only publishes lectures and written pieces by the diverse and distinguished guests of Yale Law School as well as other scholars, practitioners, and students, it also provides a forum for a robust community discussion of the issues raised in its published pieces.
GREENLAW : JOURNAL OF THE PACE ENVIRONMENTAL LAW PROGRAM
This journal contains short, quality articles on a wide range of environmental law issues. In addition, it provides summaries of important lectures on environmental law at Pace.
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON TERRORIST ATTACKS UPON THE UNITED STATES
Provides access to information about the Commission and data produced by the Commission in pursuit of its mission to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and to provide recommendations designed to guard against future attacks. Includes archived transcripts, videos of the public hearings held by the Commission, and full text of final report
EISIL : ELECTRONIC INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR INTERNATIONAL LAW
EISIL is a fully searchable database that provides access to primary materials, authoritative Web sites, and helpful research guides. For each source, it also provides background information, such as citations and references, dates when laws or treaties were concluded, and links to related resources
THE COLLECTION OF NATIONAL COPYRIGHT LAWS
This site provides access to national copyright and related rights legislation of UNESCO member states. The collection currently comprises approximately 100 laws and is constantly being updated.
THE COLLECTION OF LAWS FOR ELECTRONIC ACCESS (CLEA)
According to the introductory material on the website, CLEA “…is a unique electronic database providing easy access to intellectual property legislation from a wide range of countries and regions as well as to treaties on intellectual property. It is an invaluable information resource made available by WIPO [World Intellectual Property Organization] free of charge to all interested parties, including researchers, legal professionals, policy-makers, students and administrators.
THE HARRY A. BLACKMUN PAPERS AT THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Web site of the Library’s Harry Blackmun paper collection. Selected materials from the collection, including the oral history video interviews and associated transcript, have been digitized and are available online at this site. A finding aid and selected bibliography on Blackmun are also available.
HARMFUL ERROR : INVESTIGATING AMERICA’S LOCAL PROSECUTORS
This site presents the results of an investigative study of prosecutorial misconduct in the U.S. conducted by the Center for Public Integrity. Sections of the site include Main Findings, Prosecutor Profiles, Analyses, Nationwide Numbers, Updates and Corrections, and a database searching option.
REFERENCE GUIDE TO THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS / MARIA TROMBLEY. (SOCIETY OF PROFESSIONAL JOURNALISTS)
This site is the online version of the Journalist’s Guide to the Geneva Conventions, and provides access to the four Geneva Conventions, the two Protocols of 1977, as well as the history of the Conventions. It also includes links to other treaties on human rights, weapons, and genocide, as well as an alphabetical index that provides references to specific convention text relevant to particular topics.
FIRST AMENDMENT CENTER
The First Amendment Center serves as a forum for the study and exploration of free-expression issues, including freedom of speech, of the press and of religion, the right to assemble and petition the government. The Center, with offices at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tenn., and Arlington, Va., is an operating program of the Freedom Forum and is associated with the Newseum.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME LAW GUIDE.
The Admiralty and Maritime Law Guide includes over 1,500 annotated links to admiralty law resources on the Internet and a growing database of admiralty case digests, opinions and international maritime conventions. The emphasis is on the law of the United States and the focus is on Internet resources that can be used in an effective and practical manner by admiralty attorneys and maritime professionals.
TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE IN POST-SADDAM IRAQ: THE ROAD TO RE-ESTABLISHING RULE OF LAW AND RESTORING CIVIL SOCIETY: A BLUEPRINT.
This report, dated March 2003, is the product of the Working Group on Transitional Justice of the Future of Iraq Project (Working Group), which worked in cooperation with the Iraqi Jurists’Association. Comprised primarily of prominent former Iraqi judges, lawyers and law professors, the Working Group embarked on this project in July 2002 in consultation with international experts in the areas of international criminal law, truth and reconciliation, post-conflict justice and military reform. The resulting Transitional Justice Plan is aimed at transforming an unstable and chaotic state, caused by a dictatorship with a legacy of gross human rights abuses, to a democratic pluralistic system which respects the rule of law.
NATIONAL GOVERNORS’ ASSOCIATION ONLINE.
This site presents information about the National Governors’ Association (NGA), a bipartisan organization for the governors of the U.S. states, the commonwealths of the Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico, and the territories of American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. The site includes an overview and history of the organization, which provides a forum for governors to exchange views and experiences. The NGA provides assistance in solving state-focused problems, information on state innovations and practices, and a bipartisan forum for governors to establish, influence, and implement policy on national issues. It posts press releases, along with contact information via mailing and e-mail addresses and telephone numbers. The site also contains a user-friendly comprehensive database of all past and present U.S. governors.
COPYRIGHT BULLETIN. (UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION)
The Copyright Bulletin “aims to provide regular information on legal developments in the protection of copyright and neighbouring rights at the national and international levels.” Available in English, French, and Spanish.
THE AVALON PROJECT AT YALE LAW SCHOOL : DOCUMENTS IN LAW, HISTORY AND DIPLOMACY
The Avalon Project is dedicated to providing digital document access to primary source materials in the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government.
THE GERMAN LAW JOURNAL : REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTS IN GERMAN, EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL JURISPRUDENCE
The first and only on-line, English-language report on developments in German and European jurisprudence. With regard to both Public Law and Private Law in Germany, as well as European Law, GLJ provides thoughtful, quality reporting while inviting further commentary on and analysis of the issues on which it reports. GLJ’s frequent publication schedule permits the most contemporary coverage. GLJ also provides coverage of German and European Legal Culture, including annoncements of conferences and other events of interest, book reviews, and coverage of appointments to the judiciary.
WAR CRIMES TRIALS AT NUREMBERG. (HARVARD LAW SCHOOL LIBRARY)
This site contains a collection of trial transcripts, briefs, document books, evidence files, and other documents relating to the trial of Nazi military and political leaders of the Third Reich before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) and to trials of other accused war criminals.
NATIONAL STRATEGY TO SECURE CYBERSPACE. (U.S. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT)
“[This] an implementing component of the National Strategy for Homeland Security and is complemented by a
. The purpose of this document is to engage and empower Americans to secure the portions of cyberspace that they own, operate, control, or with which they interact. Securing cyberspace is a difficult strategic challenge that requires coordinated and focused effort from our entire society, the federal government, state and local governments, the private sector, and the American people.”
FAMILY RESOURCE GUIDE ON INTERNATIONAL PARENTAL KIDNAPPING. (U.S. OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION.)
This PDF document offers descriptions and realistic assessments of available civil and criminal remedies, explains applicable laws, identifies public and private resources, and identifies strategies to help left behind parents recover their children or reestablish meaningful contact with them in another country.
THE OYEZ PROJECT, NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY.
Presents Oyez Oyez Oyez, a multimedia database about the United States Supreme Court. Includes audio files of oral arguments, abstracts of key constitutional cases, and information on Supreme Court justices. Offers a virtual tour of the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C. Lists justices alphabetically and in order of appointment.
SADDAM HUSSEIN : CRIMES AND HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES : A REPORT ON THE HUMAN COST OF SADDAM’S POLICIES (FOREIGN & COMMONWEALTH OFFICE)
This month’s legal Website from London speaks for itself. The subject of this record conveys no political message from the University of Colorado or the Online Bibliographic Services SIS.
UNITED NATIONS DOCUMENTATION : RESEARCH GUIDE (DAG HAMMARSKJÖLD LIBRARY)
This guide is designed for researchers and information professionals with an interest in United Nations documentation. It presents an overview of the various types of documents and publications issued by the Organization (e.g, reports, resolutions, meeting records, sales publications, press releases) and gives guidance on how to work with them. The Research Guide also provides information on actions taken by the General Assembly as well as the Security Council and introduces researchers to major fields of UN activities: disarmament, human rights, international law and peacekeeping.”
Codes of Ethics Online Project (Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology)
This database of over 850 professional codes has been updated regularly since 1996. The codes are easily searched by subject categories. Included are early versions of codes of ethics of some organizations for convenient historical research. A literature review, an introduction to the codes, and a User Guide are included.
TRIBAL LAW JOURNAL (UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO SCHOOL OF LAW)
This journal promotes indigenous self-determination by facilitating discussion of the internal law of the world’s indigenous nations. The Tribal Law Journal provides native peoples, practitioners, and law students an opportunity to contribute their work to the discussion relating to internal indigenous law.
LAW LIBRARIANS’ SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON, D.C.’S LEGISLATIVE SOURCE BOOK.
This site “contains extensive tabular analysis of Internet and on-line sources for legislative and regulatory information; guides to legislative history research; status tables on selected legislation; union list of legislative documents and tables on presidential issuances and congressional publications; links to state resources and House and Senate committee documents and hearings.”
LAW, SOCIAL JUSTICE & GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT (LGD)
An innovative new electronic law journal from the University of Warwick Law School covering a range of topics relating to legal issues surrounding the impact of globalisation on social development. It contains a diversity of materials including peer reviewed and non-refereed articles, commentaries, work in progress articles, book reviews, and conference reports and papers, as well as information papers, news and details of global conferences.
ANNUAL REPORT ON INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
This site from the U.S. Dept. of State describes the status of religious freedom in each foreign country, and government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world.
WEB JOURNAL OF CURRENT LEGAL ISSUES
The focus of the journal is on current legal issues in judicial decisions, law reform, legislation, legal research, policy related socio-legal research, and information technology and practice. From University of Newcastle upon Tyne in association with Blackstone Press.
GENETIC INFORMATION AND THE WORKPLACE
This 1998 report led to hearings recently held in Congress on protecting workers from discrimination based on their genetic makeup.
UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA
This UN site contains latest developments, basic legal documents, tribunal publicatons, judgements, and indictments and proceedings.
INTRODUCTION TO BASIC LEGAL CITATION
Presents information on legal citation, provided by Peter W. Martin. Discusses the purposes of legal citation and the general types of citation rules. Highlights how to cite cases, constitutions, regulations, arbitrations, rules of evidence, law journal writing, and documents from earlier stages of a case. Contains example citations, as well as abbreviations and omissions used in citations. Offers information on underlining in citations and text.
JAKE is a free website developed at Yale Medical Library that allows you to search for a journal to see which databases index it and/or include the full-text. You can search by journal title; database title; ISSN; or citation to a specific article using journal title, volumes, issue, page and year. This site is unique in giving us a way to keep current on the constantly changing nature of serials in electronic format. There are roughly 23,000 journals included in 200 databases, and many are full-text.
ALL THAT JAS : JOURNAL ABBREVIATION SOURCES
This site is a registry of Web resources that list or provide access to the full title of journal abbreviations or other types of abbreviated publication titles (e.g., conference proceedings titles). It includes “Bluebook Abbreviations of Law Review Titles” from the University of Washington, School of Law, Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library.
FAMOUS TRIALS (FORMERLY: FAMOUS AMERICAN TRIALS)
This site is from professor Doug Linder at UMKC. It’s fun, easy to use, very informative and well worth a visit. A New York Times review found it, “a highly regarded Web site that tells the stories of famous trials by using a jazzy mix of transcripts, maps, pictures, audio clips, primary documents and essays.”
A CENTURY OF LAWMAKING FOR A NEW NATION
This is a remarkable site which brings together online the records and acts of Congress housed at the Law Library of Congress. It has a sophisticated easy-to-use search engine.
MUNICIPAL CODES ONLINE
Links to city and county codes available for unrestricted searching on the World Wide Web, maintained by the Seattle Public Library.